upsc mains 2019 gs paper 3: Civil Services mains exam 2019
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upsc mains 2019 gs paper 3: Civil Services mains exam 2019

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upsc mains 2019 gs paper 3

Previous Year Question Papers: UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-III-2019

In this post, we will talk about civil services mains general studies paper-3 previous year question paper.

Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

Marks- 250                                                                                                                  Time: Three Hours

Question Paper Specific Instructions:

Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions.

  • There are TWENTY questions printed both Hindi and in English.
  • All questions are compulsory.
  • The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
  • Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-Cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one.
  • Answers to question no. 1 to 10 should be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions no. 11 to 20 should be in 250 words.
  • Keep the word limit indicated in the questions in mind.
  • Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-Cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.

Q1. Enumerate the indirect taxes which have been subsumed in the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India. Also, comment on the revenue implications of the GST introduced in India since July 2017. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q2. Do you agree with the view that steady GDP growth and low inflation have left the Indian economy in good shape? Give reasons in support of your arguments. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q3. How far is the Integrated Farming System (IFS) helpful in sustaining agricultural production? (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q4. Elaborate on the impact of the National Watershed Project in increasing agricultural production from water-stressed areas. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q5. How was India benefitted from the contributions of Sir M.Visvesvaraya and Dr. M. S. Swaminathan in the fields of water engineering and agricultural science respectively? (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q6. What is India’s plan to have its own space station and how will it benefit our space program? (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks


Q7. Coastal sand mining, whether legal or illegal, poses one of the biggest threats to our environment. Analyze the impact of sand mining along the Indian coasts, citing specific examples. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q8. Vulnerability is an essential element for defining disaster impacts and its threat to people. How and in what ways can vulnerability to disasters be characterized? Discuss different types of vulnerability concerning disasters. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q9. The banning of ‘Jamaat-e – Islami’ in Jammu and Kashmir brought into focus the role of over-ground workers (OGWs) in assisting terrorist organizations. Examine the role played by OGWs in assisting terrorist organizations in insurgency affected areas. Discuss measures to neutralize the influence of OGWs. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks

Q10. What is the CyberDome Project? Explain how it can be useful in controlling internet crimes in India. (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks


Q11. It is argued that the strategy of inclusive growth is intended to meet the objectives of inclusiveness and sustainability together. Comment on this statement. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q12. The public expenditure management is a challenge to the government of India in the context of budget-making during the post-liberalization period. Clarify it. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q13. What are the reformative steps taken by the government to make the food grain distribution system more effective? (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q14. Elaborate on the policy taken by the government of India to meet the challenges of the food processing sector. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q15. How is the government of India protecting traditional knowledge of medicine from patenting by pharmaceutical companies? (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q16. How can biotechnology improve the living standards of farmers? (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q17. Define the concept of carrying capacity of an ecosystem as relevant to an environment. Explain how understanding this concept is vital while planning for the sustainable development of a region. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks


Q18. Disaster preparedness is the first step in any disaster management process. Explain how hazard zonation mapping will help in disaster mitigation in the case of landslides. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q19. The Indian government has recently strengthened the anti-terrorism laws by amending the unlawful activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967, and the NIA Act. Analyze the changes in the context of the prevailing security environment while discussing the scope and reasons for opposing the UAPA by human rights organizations. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks

Q20. The cross-border movement of insurgents is only one of the several security challenges facing the policing of the border in North-East India. Examine the various challenges currently emanating across the India-Myanmar border. Also, discuss the steps to counter the challenges. (Answer in 250 words) 15 Marks