upsc law optional question paper 2017: paper-I Frontier IAS
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UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Law Optional 2017 Paper-I
In this post, we will discuss civil services mains exam previous year law optional question paper 2017.
Marks-250 time: Three Hours
Question Paper Specific Instructions:
Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions.
- There are EIGHT questions divided into two sections.
- A candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
- Questions no 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
- The number of marks carried by a question /part is indicated against it.
- Word limit in questions, wherever specified should be adhered to.
- Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the answer book must be clearly struck off.
SECTION – A
Q1. Answer the following in about 150 words each: 10×5= 50
(a) Discuss the importance of Rights to life and personal liberty with reference to recent case laws. 10 marks
(b) Is ‘Secularism’ an essential feature of the Constitution of India? Explain in the light of decided case laws. 10 marks
(c) Elucidate the scope of the appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India under the constitution with regard to Criminal matters. 10 marks
(d) Explain the phenomenon of tribunalisation of justice in India. 10 marks
(e) Briefly explain the grounds on which administrative actions can be subjected to judicial review. 10 marks
Q2. (a) What is the position of Governor in State? Examine the Pardoning Powers of the Governor under the Constitution. Is Pardoning power, subject to judicial review? 20 marks
(b) In view of the importance of Panchayati Raj institution in local governance, do you think the idea of prescribing educational qualification to contest local body election is undemocratic and incoherent? 15 marks
(c) Explain the significance of the rule of ‘AUDIALTERSMPSRTEM’ in administrative decision making and state the circumstances under which ‘post decisional hearing’ can effectively satisfy the mandate of natural justice. 15 marks
Q3. (a) Evaluate the constitutional provisions relating to administrative relation between the Union and the state with special emphasis on inter-governmental delegation of administrative power. 20 marks
(b) Discuss the law relating to the powers of Parliament and State Legislatures to punish a person for breach of their privileges. 15 marks
(c) Discuss the circumstances under which ‘Financial Emergency’ can be proclaimed by the President of India and effects thereof. 15 marks
Q4. (a) Examine the powers and role of Election Commission of India in conducting free and fair election. 20 marks
(b) Do you think the current trends in judicial activism in India are inconsistent with the Principles of Separation of Powers, which is considered to be one of the basic features of the Constitution? 15 marks
(c) Do you think the institution of Lokpal, as envisaged under the Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013, is efficacious enough to curb corruption in India? State the inadequacies in the legislative framework, if any. 15 marks
SECTION – B
Q5. Answer the following in about 150 words each: 10×5= 50
(a) What are the theories relating to relationship between International Law and Municipal Law? Elaborate. 10 marks
(b) What are the factors that govern the recognition of insurgency and belligerency? 10 marks
(c) Does the International Court of Justice (ICJ) have the competence to determine its own jurisdiction? Discuss with case law. 10 marks
(d) Define ‘hijacking’ and discuss the main provisions of the Hague Convention,1970. 10 marks
(e) Comment on the provisions relating to prohibition of use of force and exceptions thereto under the U.N. Charter,1945. 10 marks
Q6. (a) Define ‘high sens’. Discuss in brief the provisions of the convention on high seas. Is freedom of fishing on high sens recognized? 20 marks
(b) The Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) is playing an important role in maintaining the stability of the global economy. Comment. 15 marks
(c) Enumerate the various methods of Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes. Elaborate on judicial settlement. 15 marks
Q7. (a) What do you mean by Human Environment? Discuss the role of United Nations Organisation (UNO) in protecting and improving the human environment. 20 marks
(b) Define ‘Nationality’. What are the modes of acquisition and loss nationality? What is the position of nationality of married woman? 15 marks
(c) Discuss the provisions relating to amendment and modification of treaties under the Vienna Convention on Law of Treaties, 1969. 15 marks
Q8. (a) Explain the main provisions of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, 2017. Do you think it can lead to complete elimination of nuclear weapons? 20 marks
(b) Discuss the scope of right of asylum under International Law and explain ‘territorial’ and ‘extra-territorial’ asylum. 15 marks
(c) Elucidate the fundamental principles of International Humanitarian Law as envisaged under International Conventions. 15 marks