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UPSC Exam : Indian Geography Important Questions – Frontier IAS

UPSC Exam : Indian Geography Important Questions – Frontier IAS

UPSC Exam : Indian Geography Important Questions – Frontier IAS

Q1. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1. Subtropical Broad-leaved Forests have mean annual rainfall above 200 cm./उपोष्णकटिबंधीय  चौड़ी पत्तियों वाले वनों का औसत वार्षिक वर्षा-स्तर 200 सेमी से अधिक होता है |

2. Subtropical broad leaved forest have species like evergreen oaks, chestnuts, ash, beech, sals and pines./उपोष्ण कटिबंधीय चौड़ी पत्ती वाले वनों में पाए जाने वाली  प्रजातियां सदाबहार ओक, चेस्टनट, प्रभूर्ज वृक्ष, छाल ,साल और चीड़ हैं।

3. Subtropical moist pine forest are found in western Himalayas at elevations between 1000 to 2000 metres above sea level./आर्द्र  उपोष्णकटिबंधीय चीड़ वाले वन पश्चिमी हिमालय में समुद्र तल से 1000 से 2000 मीटर की ऊंचाई के बीच पाए जाते है |

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमे से कौन सा कथन सही है :-

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) None of the above

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Ans. C is correct.

  • Statement 1 is not correct  Subtropical Broad-leaved Forests have mean annual rainfall between 75 cm to 125 cm.
  • Statement 2 is correct  Commonly found species in subtropical broad leaved forest are evergreen oaks, chestnuts, ash, beech, sals and pines..
  • Statement 3 is correct Subtropical moist pine forest are found in western Himalayas at elevations between 1000 to 2000 metres above sea level.

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Q2. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:-

(a) Subtropical Dry Evergreen Forests have annual rainfall between  50-100 cm /उपोष्णकटिबंधीय शुष्क सदाबहार वनों का वार्षिक वर्षा-स्तर  50-100 सेमी के बीच होता है |

(b) Deodar and Indian chestnut are important species of wet Temperate Forests/देवदार और देशी चेस्टनट बरसाती शीतोष्ण वन की प्रमुख प्रजातियां है |

(c) Moist Temperate forest are mainly composed of coniferous species/आर्द्र शीतोष्ण वन मुख्य रूप से कम ऊंचाई वाले वृक्षों की प्रजातियों से निर्मित होते है |

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमे से कौन सा कथन सही है :-

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. D is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct Subtropical Dry Evergreen Forests have annual rainfall between  50-100 cm
  • Statement 2 is correct Important species of wet Temperate Forests are deodar and Indian chestnut are
  • Statement 3 is correct Moist Temperate forest are mainly composed of coniferous species.

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Q3. Consider the following statements about dry temperate forest/शुष्क शीतोष्ण वनों के बारे में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:-

(a) Dry Temperate Forests have rainfall between 100-200 cm/शुष्क शीतोष्ण वनों में वर्षा 100-200 सेमी के बीच होती है

(b) These  forest have mainy xerophytic shrubs like which deodar, oak etc./इन वनों में मुख्य रूप से शुष्कतानुकूली पादप जैसे देवदार,ओक आदि पाए जाते है |

(c) These forest are mainly found in Ladakh, Lahul and Sikkim/ये जंगल मुख्य रूप से लद्दाख, लाहौल और सिक्किम में पाए जाते हैं।

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही है :-

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. C is correct.

  • Statement 1 is not correct Precipitation in these forest is below 100 cm and is mostly in the form of snow.
  • Statement 2 is correct  Coniferous forests with xerophytic shrubs in which deodar, oak, ash, olive, etc are the main trees.
  • Statement 3 is correct Such forests are found in the inner dry ranges of the Himalayas ,Ladakh, Lahul, Chamba, Kinnaur, Garhwal and Sikkim.

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Q4. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:-

(a) Alpine forest are a mixture of  coniferous and broad-leaved trees/अल्पाइन जंगल शंकुधारी और चौड़ी पत्ती वाले वृक्षों का मिश्रण है |

(b) Littoral forest are mainly distributed in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Sunderbans of West Bengal/तटीय वन(वेलांचली वन) मुख्य रूप से अंडमान निकोबार द्वीप समूह और पश्चिम बंगाल के सुंदरबन में पाए जाते है |

(c) Littoral forest  can survive and grow only in  brackish water/वेलांचली वन केवल खारे पानी में ही फल-फूल सकते है |.

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं:-

(a) only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. B is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct Alpine forest are a mixture of  coniferous and broad-leaved trees     
  • Statement 2 is correct Littoral forest are mainly distributed in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Sunderbans of West Bengal.
  • Statement 3 is not correct  Littoral forest  can survive and grow both in fresh as well as brackish water.

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Q5. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:-

(a) In Littoral forest, the important species found are Fir, spruce, rhododendron/वेलांचली वनों में फर ,स्प्रूस, बुरांस आदि  महत्वपूर्ण प्रजातियां हैं।

(b) Sundri, agar, screw pines, canes and palms, etc. are important species. of alpine forest/अल्पाइन वनों में पाई जाने वाली महत्वपूर्ण प्रजातियां सुंदरी वृक्ष,ऍंगार,चीड़,गन्ना तथा खजूर आदि है |.

(c) Pines, cedars, silver firs, spruce, etc. are most important trees of moist temperate forest/आर्द्र शीतोष्ण वनों में  चीड़ , देवदार, सिल्वर-फर , स्प्रूस, आदि सबसे महत्वपूर्ण वृक्ष हैं।.

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct /इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं:-

(a) only 3

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. A is correct.

  • Statement 1 is not correct In Littoral forest, the important species found are Sundri, agar, screw pines, canes and palms, etc.
  • Statement 2 is not correct Fir, spruce, rhododendron are important species. of alpine forest.
  • Statement 3 is correct Pines, cedars, silver firs, spruce, etc. are most important trees. of moist temperate forest.

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