punjabi literature optional syllabus HCS mains
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punjabi literature optional syllabus HCS mains

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punjabi literature optional syllabus HCS mains

HCS Syllabus:  Punjabi Literature HCS Mains Optional Syllabus

HPSC HCS mains optional subject syllabus

Part-I

1. Origin of Punjabi language: Different stages of development and recent development in Punjabi language. Characteristics of Punjabi phonology and the study of its tones. Classification of vowels and consonants.

2. Punjabi morphology: The number-gender system (animate and inanimate), prefixes, affixes and different categories of post positions; Punjabi word formation; Tatsam, Tad Bhav forms; sentence structure, the notion of subject and object in Punjabi; noun and verb phrases.

3. Language and dialect: The notions of dialect and idiolect; major dialects of Punjabi (Pothohari, Majhi, Doabi, Malwai, Paudhi) ; the validity of speech variation on the basis of social stratification, the distinctive features of various dialects with special reference to tones, language and script; origin and development of Gurmukhi; suitability of Gurmukhi for Punjabi.

4. Classical background: Nath Jogi Sahit.

Medieval literature: Gurmat, Sufi, Kissa and Var : janamsakhis.

5. Modern trends: Mystic, romantic, progressivc and neomystic (Vir Singh, Puran Singh, Mohan Singh, Amrita Pritam, Bawa Balwant, Pritam Singh Safeer, J. S. Neki). Experimentalist (Jasbir Singh Ahluwalia, Ravinder Ravi, Ajaib Kamal). Aesthetes (Harbhajan Singh, Tara Singh). Neo-progressive (Pash, Jagtar, Patar).

6. Folk literature: Folk songs, folk tales, riddles, proverbs.

Epic : (Vir Singh, Avtar Singh Azad, Mohan Singh) Lyric : (Gurus, sufis and Modern Lyricists–Mohan Singh, Amrita Pritam, Shiv Kumar, Harbhajan Singh).

7. Drama : (I.C. Nanda, Harcharan Singh, Balwant Gargi, S.S. Sekhon, Alamjit and A.S. Aulakh).
Novel : (Vir Singh, Nanak Singh, Jaswant Singh Kanwal, Sukhbir, Gurdial Singh, Dalip Kaur Tiwana, Swarn Chandan, Ram Saroop Ankhi).
Short Story : (Sujan Singh, K.S. Duggal, K. S. Virk, Prem Parkash, Waryam Sandhu)

8. Socio-cultural literary influences: Sanskrit, Persian and Western.
Essay : (Puran Singh, Teja Singh, Gurbaksh Singh, N.S.Kapoor).
Literary Criticism : (S.S. Sekhon, Attar Singh, Kishan Singh, Harbhajan Singh, S.S. Noor, Najam Hussain Sayyad).

Part-II
This part will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate‘s critical ability.

1 Sheikh Farid: The complete Bani included in the Adi Granth.

2. Guru Nanak : Japu Ji Baramah, Asa di Var.

3. Builieh Shah: Kafian

4. Waris Shah: Heer

5. Shah Mohammnd : Jangnama (Jang Singhan te Firangian)
Dhani Ram Chatrik (Poet) : Chandan Vari, Sufi Khnna, Nawan Jahan.

6. Nanak Singh (Novelist): Chitta Lahu, Pavittar Papi, Ek Mian Do Talwaran.

7. Gurbaksh Singh (Essayist) : Zindagi di Ras, Nawan Shivala, Merian Abhul Yadaan.
Balraj Sahni (Travelogue): Mera Roosi Safarnama, Mera Pakistani Safarnama.

8. Balwant Gargi (Dramatist) : Loha Kutt, Dhuni-di-Agg , Sultan Razia.
Sant Singh Sekhon (Critic): Sahityarth, Parsidh Punjabi Kavi, Punjabi Kav Shiromani.