public administration HCS mains optional syllabus
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public administration HCS mains optional syllabus
HCS Syllabus: Public Administration HCS Mains Optional Syllabus
HPSC HCS mains optional subject syllabus
Part-I Administrative Theory
I. Basic Premises: Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration. Private and Public Administration. Its role in developed and developing societies. Ecology of administration – social, economic, cultural, political and legal. Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline. Public Administration as an art and a science. New Public Administration.
II. Theoriess of Organisation: Classical theory of Organisations (Henri Fayol, Luther Gulic and Others). The Human Relations Theory of Organisations (Elton Mayo and his dolleagues). Behavioural approach. Systems approach. Organizational effectiveness.
III. Principles of Organization: Hierarchy. Unity of command. Authority and responsibility. Coordination. Span of control/supervision. Span control of coordination. Supervision and control. Centralization and decentralization. Delegation. Communication public relations – meaning, methods and significance.
IV. Administrative Behaviour: Decision making with special reference to the contribution of Herbert Simon. Theories of leadership. Communication. Morale. Motivation.
V. Structure of Organisations: Chief Executive. Types of Chief Executives and their functions. Line, staff and auxiliary agencies. Forms of administrative organisation. Departments, corporations, companies, boards and commissions. Independent regulatory commissions. Headquarters and field relationship.
VI. Personal Administration: Bureaucracy and civil services. Position classification. Recruitment. Training. Career development. Performance appraisal. Promotion. Pay and service conditions. Retirement benefits. Discipline. Employer-employee relations. Integrity in administration. Generalists and specialists. Neutrality and anonymity. Public Service Commission. Morale. Joint consulative machinery (white councils).
VII. Financial Administration: Concept of budget. Principle of budget making. Preparation, passing and execution of budget. Performance budgeting. Legislative control. Accounts and audit. Significance of audit. Parliamentary control over public finance.
VIII. Accountability and Control: The concepts of accountability and control. Legislative, executive and judicial control over administration. Parliamentary and government control over public corporation. Citizen and administration.
IX. Administrative Reforms: O & M. Work study. Work measurement. Administrative reforms. Processes and obstacles.
X. Administrative Law: Importance of administrative law. Delegated legislation – meaning, types, advantages, limitations and safeguards. Administrative tribunals.
XI. Comparative and Development Administration: Meaning, nature and scope of comparative public administration. The concept, scope and significance of development administration. Political, economic and sociocultural context of development administration. The concept of administrative development.
XII. Public Policy: Relevance of policy making in public administration. The processes of policy formulation and implementation.
Part-II Indian Administration
I. Evolution of Indian Administration: Kautilya, Mughal period and British period. Features of Indian administration, its role in the context of democratic system and socio economic development.
II. Environmental Setting: Constitution. Parliamentary democracy. Federalism. Planning. Socialism.
III. Political Executive at the Union Level: President. Prime Minister. Council of Ministers. Cabinet Committees.
IV. Structure of Central Administration: Secretariat, Cabinet Secretariat, Ministries and Departments. Board and Commissions. Field organizations.
V. Centre-State Relations: Legislative. Administrative. Planning and financial.
VI. Public Services: All India Services. Central Services. State Services. Local Civil Services. Union and State Public Service Commission. Recruitment, training, promotion, discipline, morale of civil services.
VII. Machinery for Planning: Plan formulation at the national level. National Development Council. Planning Commission. Planning machinery at the state and district levels. State planning board. Preparation of Five Year Plans. center-state relations regarding planning.
VIII. Public Undertakings: Forms, management, control and problems.
IX. Control of Public Expenditure: Preparation of Indian budget and its enactment. Parliamentary control over public finance in India. Role of the Finance Ministry. Role of Comptroller and Auditor General over financial administration. Composition and function of Public Accounts Committee and Estimates Committees at the centre.
X. State Administration: Governor. Chief Minister. Council of Ministers. Secretariat. Chief Secretary. Directorates.
XI. District Administration: Salient features of district administration. Role and position of Deputy Commissioner and Superintendent of Police in district administration. Role of Deputy Commissioner in development functions. Role of Divisional Commissioner. District Rural Development Agency. Special Development Programmes. Role of District Collector in land and revenue matters. Role of District Magistrate in law and order.
XII. Local Administration: Meaning and significance. Evolution of local government in India since 1882. Municipalities – composition, functions, finances, personnel, general working of municipal bodies with special reference to Haryana. State Government‘s control over muncipal bodies. Autonomy of local bodies. Problems of municipalities. State department and directorate of muncipal bodies, its organisation and functions. Role of the Ministry of urban development as well as the central council of local self-government in regard to municipalities. Municipal Corporation – composition, functions and finances. Town and metropolitan planning in India. 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992. Rural Local Government – Zila Parishad, Panchayat Samiti, Panchayat. Their composition, functions, finance, personnel. State Government‘s control over their working. Role of political parties in Panchayati Raj. 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992. Problems of rural-urban relationship.
XIII. Administration for Welfare: Meaning, objective and concept of welfare state. Social welfare administration in India. Welfare state and the constitution of India. The directive principles of the state policy. Administration for the welfare of weaker sections like scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and women. Welfare programmes for them.
XIV. Issue Areas in Indian Administration: Relationship between political and permanent executives. Generalists and specialists in administration. Integrity in administration. People‘s participation in administration. Redressal of citizen‘s grievances. Lok Pal and Lok Ayuktas. Administrative reforms in India. Accountability of Indian administration to the parliament and judiciary . Problems and causes for the backwardness of agricultural development. Programme of centre and state government for agricultural development.