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Polity Important MCQs | UPSC-IAS | State PCS Exam Preparation | Frontier IAS

Polity Important MCQs | UPSC-IAS | State PCS Exam Preparation | Frontier IAS

Polity Important MCQs | UPSC-IAS | State PCS Exam Preparation | Frontier IAS

Q1. The first law officer of the Government of India is known as:/भारत के प्रथम विधि अधिकारी को इस नाम से जाना जाता है:

(a)Advocate General of India/ भारत का महाधिवक्ता

(b)Advocate General of State/ राज्य का महाधिवक्ता

(c)Attorney General of India/ भारत का महान्यायवादी

(d)Attorney General of State/ राज्य का महान्यायवादी

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Ans.c

Attorney General of India is known as the first law officer of India. Advocate General of State is known as the first law officer of State.

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Q2. A person is qualified to be elected as a Vice-President if:/ एक व्यक्ति उप-राष्ट्रपति के रूप में निर्वाचित किये जाने के योग्य है यदि :

(a)His age exceeds 35 years./ उसकी उम्र 35 वर्ष से अधिक हो |

(b)He is qualified to be elected as a member of Lok Sabha./ वह लोक सभा का सदस्य  निर्वाचित होने के योग्य हो |

(c)He is a resident of India./ वह भारत का निवासी  हो |

(d)All of the above. / उपर्युक्त सभी |

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Ans.a

A person is qualified to be elected as a Vice-President if :

  • He is a citizen (not resident) of India. It may be possible that a person is residing in India but he does not have the citizenship of India.
  • His age must be more than 35 years.
  • He is qualified to be elected as a member of Rajya Sabha (not Lok Sabha).

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Q3. A Minister in the Central Council of Ministers is appointed:/केंद्रीय मंत्रिपरिषद में किसी मंत्री की नियुक्ति किसके द्वारा होती है

(a)by the President at his discretion./ राष्ट्रपति द्वारा अपने  विवेक द्वारा

(b)on the advice of the Prime Minister but his advice is not binding on the President./प्रधान मंत्री की सलाह पर, लेकिन उनकी सलाह राष्ट्रपति पर बाध्यकारी नहीं है।

(c)on the advice of the Prime Minister and the President shall appoint only those members as recommended by the Prime Minister./ प्रधानमंत्री की मंत्रणा पर,और राष्ट्रपति केवल प्रधानमंत्री प्रस्तावित सदस्यों की ही नियुक्ति करेगा

(d)by the President using his veto powers./राष्ट्रपति द्वारा अपनी वीटो शक्तियों का उपयोग करके

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Ans.c

The President shall appoint those members recommended by the President as Council of Ministers. He cannot appoint anyone as a Minister at his own will.

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Q4. By Collective responsibility, the Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the/सामूहिक ज़िम्मेदारी से, मंत्रिपरिषद सामूहिक रूप से जिम्मेदार हैं:

(a)Parliament/संसद

(b)Lok Sabha/लोक सभा

(c)Rajya Sabha/राज्य सभा

(d)President/राष्ट्रपति

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Ans.b

Under Art. 75 (3) of the Constitution, the Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha./संविधान के 75वें अनुच्छेद (3) के तहत , मंत्रिपरिषद सामूहिक रूप से लोकसभा के लिए जिम्मेदार हैं|

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Q5. The date of election of the Speaker is specified by: / अध्यक्ष के चुनाव की तारीख को निर्दिष्ट किया जाता है:

(a)President / राष्ट्रपति द्वारा |

(b)Deputy Speaker / डिप्टी स्पीकर द्वारा |

(c)Prime Minister / प्रधान मंत्री द्वारा |

(d)Election Commission चुनाव आयोग द्वारा |

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Ans.a

The date of the election of the Speaker of Lok Sabha is fixed by the President of India. / लोकसभा के अध्यक्ष के चुनाव की तारीख भारत के राष्ट्रपति द्वारा तय की जाती है।

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Q6. The second reading of the bill constitutes:/ विधेयक का द्वितीय पाठन गठित करता है :

(a)publication in the Gazette./ राज-पत्र का प्रकाशन

(b)clause by clause amendment to the Bill./ विधेयक मे खंडवार संशोधन

(c)acceptance or rejection of the Bill./विधेयक की स्वीकृति अथवा अस्वीकृति

(d)All of these/ उपर्युक्त सभी

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Ans.b

  • First reading of the bill consists of introduction of the bill and its publication in the gazette.
  • Second reading of the bill consists of consideration of the bill and its detailed discussion. It consists of clause by clause amendments to the bill.
  • Third reading of the bill comprises voting on the bill and it is either accepted or rejected.

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Q7. Maximum time limit for the enactment of a Financial Bill is:/वित्तीय विधेयक के अधिनियमन के लिए अधिकतम समय सीमा है:

(a)not fixed/निश्चित नहीं

(b)60 days/60 दिन

(c)65 days/65 दिन

(d)75 days/75 दिन

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Ans.d

According to Provisional Collection of Taxes Act, the Finance bill must be enacted ie. passed by both the Houses of Parliament and assented by President within 75 days.

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