Baljit Dhaka
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HCS Mains General Studies (GS)

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HCS Mains General Studies (GS) 

Let us understand the syllabus and then understand what is the difference between syllabus and actual papers asked. 

As you know many questions in the real exam are based on current affairs that are application-based the static general studies. I other words you should have reasonable knowledge about the topics as a theory so that understanding current issues can be easy. 

Below is the official syllabus released by HPSC in prospectus. 


Syllabus of HCS Mains General Studies

The nature and standard of questions in these papers will be such that a well-educated person will be able to

answer them without any specialized study. The questions will be such as to test a candidate‘s general awareness of a

variety of subject which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services.


(a) History of Modern India and Indian Culture

The  ̳History of Modern India‘ will cover history of the country from about the middle of the nineteenth

century and would also include questions on important personalities who shaped the freedom movement and social

reforms. The part relating to  ̳Indian Culture‘ will cover all aspects of Indian culture from the ancient to modern


(b) Geography of India

In this part, questions will be on the physical, economic and social geography of India.

(c) Indian Polity

This part will include questions on the Constitution of India, Political system and related matters.

(d) Current National issues and topics of social relevance

This part is intended to test the Candidate‘s awareness of current national issues and topics of social

relevance in the present-day India, such as the following: Demography and Human Resources & related issues.

Behavioural and social issues and social welfare problems, such as child labour, gender equality, adult literacy,

rehabilitation of the handicapped and other deprived segments of the society, drug abuse, public health, etc. Law

enforcement issues, human rights, corruption in public life, communal harmony, etc. Internal Security and related

issues. Environmental issues, ecological preservation, conservation of natural resources, and national heritage. The

role of national institutions, their relevance, and the need for change.


(a) India and the World

This part is intended to test the candidate‘s awareness of India‘s relationship with the world in various spheres,

such as the following:-

Foreign Affairs. External Security and related matters. Nuclear Policy. Indian abroad

(b) Indian Economy

In this part, questions will be on the planning and economic development in India, economic and trade

issues, foreign trade, the role and functions of I.M.F., World Bank, W.T.O., etc.

(c) International Affairs & Institutions.

This part will include questions on important events in world affairs and on international institutions.

(d) Developments in the field of science and technology, communications, and space.

In this part, questions will test the candidate‘s awareness of the developments in the field of science and

technology, communications and space and also basic ideas of computers.

(e) Statistical analysis, graphs, and diagrams.

This part will include exercises to test the candidate‘s ability to draw common-sense conclusions from

information presented in the statistical, graphical, or diagrammatical form and to point out deficiencies, limitations or

inconsistencies therein.


Previous Year paper general Studies Mains HCS: 2017-2018 (Latest) 

After this paper, HPSC hasn't conducted any HCS exam till now. This is why this is the latest or last one asked. 

Till now you have got the idea about the syllabus. Now understand the questions asked by HPSC. 

                                    General Studies Code 1262 

Time : 3 Hours                                                                                                                      Maximum Marks : 100

Note: (1) All Questions are compulsory.

(2) The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of the question.

(3) Clearly mention question number and part number before attempting. 

(4) The part of the same question must be answered together and must not be interposed between answers to other questions. 

(5) In case of any discrepancy in the English and Hindi versions, English version will be taken as final. 

1. (a) Discuss about the efforts and prospects of river waterways in India for tourism and transport. (About 200 words)    [7]

(b) What are the objectives of Chanderyaan-2? (About 100 Words)    [4]

(c) Write briefly on any four out of the following: (About 40 words each)   [1*4=4]

(I) Tejas Express

(ii) Life expectancy in India

(iii) Varanasi as a Cultural City

(iv) Cultural pluralism in India

(v) IT cities in India

(vi) Golden Quadrangle


2  (a) Analyze the major features and merits of 'Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Bill, 2019' passed by the Indian parliament. (About 200 words)    [7]

(b) Explain the role of ' Aayushman Bharat' Scheme for ensuring smooth treatment of poor households. (About 100 words)         [4]

(c) Write briefly on any four of the following: (Each in about 40 words)      [1*4=4]

       (I) Deen Dayal Gram Jyoti Yojna

       (ii) USA and Iran conflict

       (iii) Housing for all in India

       (iv) Financial inclusion 

        (v) Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna

        (vi) Groundwater depletion in India

3.   (a) Based on the demographic and human development index data (HDI) for some states in the following table, what major inference can be derived? ( About 200 words)  [7]


    (b) Analyze the Muslim Women ( Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019. (About 120 words)      [4]

    (c) Write briefly about the following: (40 words each)    [1*4=4]

           (I)   Terrorism and Pakistan 

           (ii)   Social Media

           (iii)   Global Warming

          (iv)    Organic Farming 

4.      (a)  Throw light on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by the United Nations. (Around 200 words)  [7]

         (b) Discuss the strategy of growing thrust on non- conventional energy in India. (Around 100 words)   [3]

5.        (a) Why is Chandragupta respected as a ruler in India? (About 200 words)   [7]

           (b) How is the level of ease of doing business in India improving in recent years?    (About 125 words)     [4]

            (c) Write briefly on any four of the following: (About                50 words each)      [1*4=4]

                     (I) Maharana Pratap

                     (ii) Subhash Chandra Bose

                     (iii) Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

                     (iv) Aurangzeb

                      (v) Kabir

6.     (a) While discussing about the Indian diaspora in different countries, underline their role in India's development. (About 200 words)                                                                                                                                                                                                                          [7]

        (b) Write briefly on the following: 40 words each)     [ 1*5=5]

                   (I)   Chhadi Mubarak

                   (ii)   Durga Pooja 

                   (iii)  Barawafat

                   (iv)  Esater

                    (v)   Budha Purnima 

      (c) Write the uses of the following software : ( Each 50 words)      [2*2=4]

                    (I)     R

                    (ii)    Kundali 

      (d) Write the major features of any four of the following in brief: (Each 40 words) [1*4=4]

                   (i)   ISRO

                  (ii)   River Ganga

                  (iii)   Harappan Civilization 

                  (iv)   Sufi Movement 

                  (v)   Lata Mangeshkar 

7    (a)    While discussing the shortcomings of higher education in India, elaborate upon opportunities for its growth. ( About 200 words)                                                                                                                                                                                                                         [7]

      (b) Write briefly on any three of the following: (Each 40 words)           [1*3=3]

                   (i)     NITI Aayog 

                   (ii)     National Medical Commission 

                   (iii)    Women Education

                   (iv)    Mid-day Meal Scheme 

                    (v)     Distance Education