law optional paper syllabus for HCS Mains
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law optional paper syllabus for HCS Mains

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law optional paper syllabus for HCS Mains

HCS Syllabus: LAW HCS Mains Optional Syllabus

HPSC HCS mains optional subject syllabus


I. Constitutional Law of India

1. Nature of the Indian Constitution. The distinctive features of its federal character.

2. Fundamental Rights. Directive Principles and their relationship with Fundamental Rights. Fundamental Duties.

3. Right to Equality.

4. Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression.

5. Right to Life and Personal Liberty.

6. Religious, Cultural and Educational Rights.

7. Constitutional position of the President and relationship with the Council of Ministers.

8. Governor and his powers.

9. Supreme Court and High Courts. Their powers and jurisdiction.

10. Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions. Their powers and functions.

11. Principles of Nature Justice.

12. Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the State.

13. Delegated legislation. Its constitutionality, judicial and legislative controls.

14. Administrative and financial relations between the Union and the States.

15. Trade, commerce and intercourse in India.

16. Emergency provisions.

17. Constitutional safeguards to civil servants.

18. Parliamentary privileges and immunities.

19. Amendment of the Constitution.

II. International Law

1. Nature of International Law.

2. Sources: Treaty, Customs, General Principles of Law recognised by civilized nations, subsidiaries means for the determination of Law, Resolutions of International organs and regulation of International organs and regulations of Specialized Agencies.

3. Relationship between International Law and Municipal Law.

4. State Recognition and State Succession.

5. Territory of States; modes of acquisition.

6. Sea. Inland waters. Territorial Sea. Contiguous Zone. Continental Shelf. Exclusive. Economic Zone and ocean beyond national Jurisdiction.

7. Air-space and aerial navigation.

8. Outer-space. Exploration and use of outer space.

9. Individuals, Nationality, Statelessness; Human Rights and procedures available for their enforcement.

10. Jurisdiction of States; bases of jurisdiction.

11. Extradition and Asylum.

12. Diplomatic Missions and Consular Posts.

13. Treaties ; Formation, application and termination.

14. State Responsibility,

15. United Nations : its principal organs, powers and functions.

16. Peaceful settlement of disputes.

17. Lawful recourse to force ; aggression, selfdefence. intervention.

18. Legality of the use of nuclear weapons.


I Law of Crimes

1. Concept of crime: actus reus, mens rea, mens rea in statutory offences, punishments mandatory sentences preparation and attempt.

2. Indian Penal Code
a) Application of the Code
b) General exceptions.
c) Joint and constructing liability.
d) Abetment.
e) Criminal conspiracy.
f) Offences against the State.
g) Offences against public tranquility.
h) Offences by or relating to public servants.
i) Offences against the human body.
j) Offences against the property.
k) Offences relating to Marriage: Cruelty.
l) Defamation.

II. Law of Torts.
1. Nature of tortious liability.
2. Liability based upon fault and strict liability.
3. Statutory liability.
4. Vicarious liability.
5. Joint Tort–fessors.
6. Remedies.
7. Negligence.
8. Occupier‘s liability and liability in respect of structures.
9. Defamation.
10. Nuisance.
11. Conspiracy.
12. False Imprisonment and Malicious Prosecution.

III Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law.
1. Formation of contract. (Indian Contract Act, 1872)
2. Factors vitiating consent.
3. Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
4. Performance of contracts.
5. Dissolution of contractual obligations, frustration.
6. Quasi-contracts.
7. Remedies for breach of contract.
8. Sale of goods and hire purchase (Sales of Goods Act, 1930).
9. Agency.
10. Formation and dissolution of Partnership (Indian Partnership Act,1932)
11. Negotiable Instruments.
12. The Consumer Protection Act, 1986.

IV Law of Evidence and Indian Evidence Act.
Note: Neither Bare Act will be provided nor the candidates are allowed to bring a copy of any Bare Act in the
Examination Hall.