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Industries Question Answer :: Geography Practice Questions- Frontier IAS

Industries Question Answer :: Geography Practice Questions- Frontier IAS

Industries Question Answer :: Geography Practice Questions- Frontier IAS
Q1. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:
  1. Handloom and Khadi are the example of mineral based industries/हथकरघा और खादी  खनिज आधारित उद्योगों का उदाहरण है।
  2. Cotton textile and jute textile, are the example of Agro-based Industries/कॉटन टेक्सटाइल और जूट टेक्सटाइल  कृषि आधारित उद्योगों का उदाहरण हैं
  3. Iron and steel industry are the example of Mineral-based Industries/लोहा और इस्पात उद्योग खनिज आधारित उद्योगों का उदाहरण हैं
Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं:-
  • only 2
  • 1 and 3
  • 2 and 3
  • 1,2,3
[showhide type=”links1″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”] Ans. C is correct.
  • Statement 1 is not correct   Handloom Khadi and are the example of Cottage industries.
  • Statement 2 is correct  Cotton textile and jute textile, are the example of Agro-based Industries
  • Statement 3 is correct Iron and steel industry are the example of Mineral-based Industries.
[/showhide] Q2. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:
  1. Sugar mills use non-weight-losing raw material and is generally located in large urban centre/चीनी मीलों में भार-ह्रास न होने वाले कच्चे माल का उपयोग होता है और ये उद्योग आम तौर पर बड़े शहरी केंद्र में स्थित होते हैं
  2. Cotton textile industry  located in the regions where raw materials are located./सूती वस्त्र उद्योग उन क्षेत्रों में स्थित होते है जहाँ पर कच्चा माल उपलब्ध हो |
  3. Aluminium industries are power intensive hence located near sources of power/एल्यूमिनियम उद्योग के लिए  बिजली की आवश्यकता होती है इसलिए ये बिजली के स्रोतों के निकट स्थित होते है |
Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं:-
  • only 2
  • only 3
  • 2 and 3
  • 1,2,3
[showhide type=”links2″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”] Ans. B is correct. Statement 1 is not correct   Sugar mills (in sugarcane growing areas) being weight-losing, are located in the regions where raw materials are located.  
  • Statement 2 is not correct  Cotton textile industry uses a non-weight-losing raw material and is generally located in large urban centre, (Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat, etc).   
  • Statement 3 is correct Aluminium and Synthetic nitrogen manufacturing industries are power intensive and require huge quantum of electricity, hence tend to be located near sources of power.
[/showhide] Q3. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें
  1. Iron ore, coking coal and limestone are required in the ratio of  2:1: 1 in iron and steel manufacturing./लौह और इस्पात निर्माण में लौह अयस्क, कोकिंग कोयला और चूना पत्थर 2: 1: 1 के अनुपात में आवश्यक हैं।
  2. Iron and steel industry are located mainly near the source of raw materials/ लौह और इस्पात उद्योग कच्चे माल के स्रोत के पास स्थित है |
  3. India is the  second-largest steel producer in the world/भारत दुनिया में दूसरा सबसे बड़ा स्टील उत्पादक है
Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं:
  • Only 1
  • 1 and 2
  • 2 and 3
  • 1,2,3
[showhide type=”links3″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”] Ans. C is correct. 
  • Statement 1 is not correct Iron ore, coking coal and limestone are required in the ratio of  4: 2: 1 in iron steel manufacturing.
  • Statement 2 is correct   As all the raw materials are gross (weight losing), therefore, the best location for the iron and steel plants is near the source of raw materials
  • Statement 3 is correct  India has become the  second-largest steel producer in the world after China in 2016
[/showhide] Q4. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:
  1. Rourkela steel plant was set up in 1959 in collaboration with Russia./राउरकेला स्टील प्लांट को 1959 में रूस के सहयोग से स्थापित किया गया था।
  2. Bhilai steel plant was established in collaboration with Germany/भिलाई इस्पात संयंत्र जर्मनी के सहयोग से स्थापित किया गया था
  3. Durgapur Steel Plant, was set up in collaboration with the government of the United Kingdom/दुर्गापुर इस्पात संयंत्र, यूनाइटेड किंगडम की सरकार के सहयोग से स्थापित किया गया था
Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं:
  • Only 3
  • 1 and 2
  • 2 and 3
  • 1,2,3
[showhide type=”links4″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”] Ans. A is correct.
  • Statement 1 is not correct Rourkela steel plant was set up in 1959 in collaboration with Germany.
  • Statement 2 is not correct Bhilai steel plant was established in collaboration with Russia
  • Statement 3 is correct Durgapur Steel Plant, was set up in collaboration with the government of the United Kingdom
[/showhide] Q5. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें
  1. Aluminium is light, resistant to corrosion, a good conductor of heat, and malleable/एल्यूमिनियम  हल्का, जंग अवरोधी, ऊष्मा का सुचालक,लचीला होता है |
  2. Bauxite, the raw material used in the smelters is a very bulky, dark reddish coloured rock/प्रागलकों में बॉक्साइट का कच्चे पदार्थ के रूप में किया जाता है जो की भारी गहरे रंग की चट्टान है |
  3. Other raw materials used in the manufacturing process are caustic soda, aluminium fluoride and anthracite coal/विनिर्माण प्रक्रिया में उपयोग किए जाने वाले अन्य कच्चे माल कास्टिक सोडा, एल्यूमीनियम फ्लोराइड और एन्थ्रेसाइट कोयला हैं।
Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं:-
  • Only 3
  • 1 and 2
  • 2 and 3
  • 1,2,3
[showhide type=”links5″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”] Ans. D is correct.
  • Statement 1 is correct It is light, resistant to corrosion, a good conductor of heat, malleable and becomes strong when it is mixed with other metals.
  • Statement 2 is correct Bauxite, the raw material used in the smelters is a very bulky, dark reddish coloured rock.
  • Statement 3 is correct Other raw materials used in the manufacturing process are calcine, petroleum, coke, caustic soda, aluminium fluoride, fuel oil, steam coal and anthracite coal.
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