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Indian Geography Question Answer | HCS / RAS / PCS – Frontier IAS

Indian Geography Question Answer | HCS / RAS / PCS – Frontier IAS

Indian Geography Question Answer | HCS / RAS / PCS – Frontier IAS

Q1. Consider the following statements:/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर  विचार करें

1. Arid soils occur in regions of Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana lying between the Indus and the Aravalis/मरुस्थलीय मृदा राजस्थान, पंजाब और हरियाणा के शुष्क और अर्ध-शुष्क क्षेत्रों में सिंधु और अरावली के मध्य में पाई जाती है

2. Saline soil are fertile and support good vegetative growth./लवणीय  मृदा अनुपजाऊ होती है एवं इसमें किसी प्रकार की वनस्पति नहीं उगती है |

3. Saline soil are known as kari in kerala./लवणीय मृदा को केरल में कारी के नाम से जाना जाता है

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct:/दिए गए कथनों में से  कौन सा सही है

(a) only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. A is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct   Arid soils occur in arid and semi-arid regions of Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana lying between the Indus and the Aravalis
  • Statement 2 is not correct   Saine soil (Usara soils) are infertile and do not support any vegetative growth.
  • Statement 3 is not  correct  peaty  soil (not saline soil) are known as kari in kerala.

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Q2. Consider the following statements about forest soil:/ वनीय मृदा  पर निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

(a) It Occupies 8.67% of the total land area of India./भारत के कुल भूमि क्षेत्र के  8.67% भाग पर उपलब्ध है

(b) They are very poor in humus./इसमें ह्यूमस काफी कम मात्रा में उपलब्ध होता है

(c) They are suitable for plantations of tea, coffee, spices and tropical fruits in peninsular forest region./● ये प्रायद्वीपीय वन क्षेत्र में चाय, कॉफी, मसालों और उष्णकटिबंधीय फलों के बागानों के लिए उपयुक्त हैं।

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct:/दिए गए कथनों में से  कौन सा सही है

(a) only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. C is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct   Forest soil occupies 8.67% of the total land area of India.
  • Statement 2 is not correct   Infact, Forest soil are very rich in humus.
  • Statement 3 is  correct  They are suitable for plantations of tea, coffee, spices and tropical fruits in peninsular forest region.

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Q3. Consider the following statements about soil erosion:

(a) In sheet erosion, the entire top sheet of soil is washed away by water or by wind, and leaves behind barren rock./जब मृदा की शीर्ष परत भारी  वर्षा जल द्वारा या वायु द्वारा बहा दी जाती है एवं शैल बंजर रह जाती है इस प्रकार का अपरदन पृष्ठ अपरदन कहलाता है |

(b) Gully erosion is the removal of soil along drainage lines by surface water runoff./अवनालिका अपरदन से अभिप्राय जल द्वारा  अपवाह रेखाओं की मृदा का अपरदन है |

(c) Water erosion has three types of soil movement i.e. Suspension, saltation, and surface creep./निलंबन,वल्गन एवं सतह खिसकन तीन प्रकार के अपरदन है जो जल द्वारा होते है |

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct:/दिए गए कथनों में से  कौन सा सही है

(a) only 3

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. B is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct  When the entire top sheet of soil is washed away by water or by wind, leaving behind barren rock, it is called sheet erosion.
  • Statement 2 is correct Gully erosion is the removal of soil along drainage lines by surface water runoff.   
  • Statement 3 is not correct   Suspension, saltation, and surface creep are the three types of soil movement which occur during wind erosion not water erosion.

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Q4. Consider the following statements:

(a) Terracing is done on the steep slopes to make flat surfaces available to grow crops. /सोपान कृषि में, एक पहाड़ी ढलान को सोपानों में काट दिया जाता है | ये खड़ी ढलानों पर बनाये जाते हैं ताकि फसलों के बढ़ने के लिए समतल  सतहें उपलब्ध हों

(b) Contour bunding is the construction of banks along the contours./समोच्च मेडबंदी में समोच्च के चारो तरफ टीले बना दिए जाते है |

(c) In mulching, the top soil between plants is covered with a protective layer of organic matter./पलवार में पौधों के बीच की खाली जगह घास की कतरन ,तृण(डंठल) जैसे कार्बनिक पदार्थों की सुरक्षात्मक     परत के द्वारा ढकी होती है

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct:/दिए गए कथनों में से  कौन सा सही है

(a) only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. D is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct   Terracing are made on the steep slopes so that flat surfaces are available to grow crops. They can reduce surface run-off and soil erosion.
  • Statement 2 is correct Contour bunding involves the construction of banks along the contours.
  • Statement 3 is correct   In Mulching, the bare ground (top soil) between plants is covered with a protective layer of organic matter like grass clippings, straw, etc.

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Q5. Consider the following statements:

(a) Crop rotation helps to conserve soil fertility as different crops require different nutrients from the soil./फसल चक्रण से मिट्टी की उर्वरता को संरक्षित करने में सहायता मिलती है क्योंकि भिन्न भिन्न फसलों को मिटटी से भिन्न भिन्न पोषक तत्वों की आवश्यकता होती है।

(b) Strip cropping ensures that at no time of the year the entire area is left bare or exposed./पट्टीदार कृषि यह सुनिश्चित करता है कि वर्ष के किसी भी समय में  पूरे खेत को खाली अथवा बंजर नहीं छोड़ा गया है |

(c) Strip cropping is done at right angles to the hill slope, following the natural contours of the hill./पट्टीदार कृषि पहाड़ी की प्राकृतिक मेड़बंदी को ध्यान में रखते हुए होती है।

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct:/दिए गए कथनों में से  कौन सा सही है

(a) only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

[showhide type=”links5″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”]

Ans. B is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct  Crop rotation helps to conserve soil fertility as different crops require different nutrients from the soil.
  • Statement 2 is correct In Strip cropping, Various crops are harvested at different intervals. This ensures that at no time of the year the entire area is left bare or exposed.
  • Statement 3 is not correct   Contour ploughing is done at right angles to the hill slope, following the natural contours of the hill, the ridges and furrows break the flow of water down the hill.

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