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Indian Geography Agriculture Questions || UPSC-IAS Exam Preparation

Indian Geography Agriculture Questions || UPSC-IAS Exam Preparation

Indian Geography Agriculture Questions || UPSC-IAS Exam Preparation

Q1. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों  पर विचार करें:

1. Foodgrains occupy about one-third of total cropped area in India./खाद्यान्न भारत के कुल फसली  क्षेत्र के एक तिहाई भाग पर उपलब्ध है |

2. India ranks third in production of cereals after China and U.S.A./चीन और अमेरिका के बाद अनाज के उत्पादन में भारत तीसरे स्थान पर है।

3. India is the largest producer of rice in the world./भारत दुनिया में चावल का सबसे बड़ा उत्पादक है।

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही है

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. A is correct.

  • Statement 1 is not correct  Foodgrains are dominant crops and occupy about two-third of total cropped area in India.
  • Statement 2 is correct India produces about 11 per cent cereals of the world and ranks third in production after China and U.S.A.
  • Statement 3 is not  correct India is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China.

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Q2. Consider the following statements/ निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

1. Rice can be grown as summer crop in deltaic regions/चावल डेल्टाइ क्षेत्रों में ग्रीष्म ऋतु की फसल के रूप में उगाई जाती है |

2. At the time of sowing, the rice  fields must be flooded under 10-12 cm deep water./बुवाई के समय, चावल के खेतों में 10-12 सेमी गहरे पानी की आवश्यकता होती है

3. Loamy and Clayey soils are prefered soil for rice production./दोमट मिट्टी तथा मृत्तिकामय मृदा चावल के उत्पादन के लिए उपयुक्त  मिट्टी है |

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही है:

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. D is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct Rice can be grown as summer crop in deltaic regions
  • Statement 2 is correct The rice fields must be flooded under 10-12 cm deep water at the time of sowing.
  • Statement 3 is correct  Loamy and Clayey soils are prefered soil for rice production.

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Q3. Consider the following statements/ निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

1. The yield of wheat is decreased by light drizzles and cloudiness at the time of ripening./परिपक्वता काल में गेहूं की पैदावार हल्की बूंदा-बांदी तथा बादलन होने के कारण कम हो जाती है |

2. Well drained fertile, mostly alluvial and clay loams are the best for wheat cultivation./सुगम जल निकासी वाली ,अधिकांशतः जलोढ़ मृदा तथा दोमट मिट्टी गेहूं की उपज के उपयुक्त मिट्टी है |

3. About 14 per cent of the total  cropped area in the country is under wheat cultivation./देश के  कुल फसली क्षेत्र का लगभग 14 प्रतिशत गेहूं की खेती के अधीन है।

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. C is correct.

  • Statement 1 is not correct Light drizzles and cloudiness at the time of ripening increases the yield of wheat.
  • Statement 2 is correct  Well drained fertile, mostly alluvial and clay loams are the best for wheat cultivation.
  • Statement 3 is correct  About 14 per cent of the total  cropped area in the country is under wheat cultivation.

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Q4. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

(a) Maize occupies only 3.6 per cent of total cropped area./मक्का कुल फसली क्षेत्र के 3.6 प्रतिशत भाग पर उपलब्ध है |

(b) Maize is grown in areas of more than 100 cm rainfall./100 सेमी से अधिक वर्षा वाले  क्षेत्रों में मक्के का उत्पादन होता है |

(c) Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop in southern states while as kharif crop in northern states./ज्वार दक्षिण भारत में खरीफ तथा रबी दोनों रूपों में उगाई जाती है परन्तु उत्तरी राज्यों में खरीफ फसल के रूप में उगाई जाती है |

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही है

(a) only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

[showhide type=”links4″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”]

Ans. C is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct Maize occupies only 3.6 per cent of total cropped area.
  • Statement 2 is not correct  Maize is grown in semi-arid conditions (25 – 75 cm) and it cannot be grown in areas of >100 cm rainfall.
  • Statement 3 is correct   Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop in southern states while as kharif crop in northern states.

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Q5. Consider the following statements/ निम्न कथनों पर विचार करें

(a) Bajra is a rabi crop of dry and warm climate./बाजरा शुष्क और उष्ण जलवायु की रबी फसल है |

(b) India accounts for about one-third of the total production of pulses in the world./भारत दुनिया में दालों के कुल उत्पादन का लगभग एक तिहाई भाग पैदा करता है |

(c) Gram is cultivated as pure or mixed with wheat, barley, linseed or mustard/चना  एकल अथवा गेहूं, जौ, अलसी या सरसों के साथ मिश्रित रूप में बोया जाता है

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/उचित कथन का चयन करें

(a) only 3

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. A is correct.

  • Statement 1 is not correct Bajra is a rainfed kharif crop of dry and warm climate.
  •  Statement 2 is not correct India accounts for about one-fifth of the total production of pulses in the world.
  • Statement 3 is correct  Gram is cultivated as pure or mixed with wheat, barley, linseed or mustard

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