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Geography Practice Questions :: Forest and Wildlife Resources || UPSC IAS

Geography Practice Questions :: Forest and Wildlife Resources || UPSC IAS

Geography Practice Questions :: Forest and Wildlife Resources || UPSC IAS

Q1. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

1. Grazing, firewood collection by tribals is strictly regulated in wildlife Sanctuaries/ वन्यजीव अभ्यारण्य में आदिवासियों को चराई तथा  लकड़ी संग्रह के लिए सख्त दिशा-निर्देश होते है |

2. There are 18 wildlife sanctuaries in India/भारत में 18 वन्यजीव अभयारण्य हैं।.

3. Unlike a National park, where certain rights can be allowed, in a wildlife sanctuary, no rights are allowed/एक नेशनल पार्क के विपरीत, जहां कुछ अधिकारों की अनुमति दी जा सकती है, अभयारण्य में, किसी भी अधिकार की अनुमति नहीं है।

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct /इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं

(a) only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) None of the above

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Ans. A is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct  Grazing, firewood collection by tribals is allowed but strictly regulated in wildlife Sanctuaries.
  • Statement 2 is not correct There are more than 500 wildlife sanctuaries in India.
  • Statement 3 is not correct Unlike a Sanctuary, where certain rights can be allowed, in a National Park, no rights are allowed.

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Q2. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1. Man and Biosphere programmewas started by UNESCO in 1971 and later introduced in India in 1986/जीव मंडल प्रोग्राम  1971 में यूनेस्को द्वारा शुरू किया गया और बाद में 1986 में भारत में लागू किया गया |

2. Project Tiger was implemented since 1980/प्रोजेक्ट टाइगर 1980 से लागू किया गया था.

3. Project Elehant aims at ensuring long-term survival of elephants in their natural habitat/प्रोजेक्ट एलिफेंट  का उद्देश्य उनके प्राकृतिक निवास स्थान में हाथियों के दीर्घकालिक अस्तित्व को सुनिश्चित करना है।.

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं:-

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

[showhide type=”links2″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”]

Ans. B is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct Man and Biosphere programme was started by UNESCO in 1971 and later introduced in India in 1986.
  • Statement 2 is not correct Project Tiger was implemented by India since 1973.
  • Statement 3 is correct : Project elephant  was aimed at ensuring long-term survival of identified viable population of elephants in their natural habitat.

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Q3. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1. India is the first country in the world to have made provisions for the conservation of environment in its constitution./भारत दुनिया का एकमात्र ऐसा देश है जिसके संविधान में पर्यावरण के रक्षण और सरंक्षण  के लिए प्रावधान है |

2. The plants in Schedule VI are prohibited from cultivation and planting./अनुसूची 6 में शामिल पादप खेती और रोपण से निषिद्ध हैं।

3. Schedule V includes the animals which are endangered and can not be hunted./अनुसूची 5 में ऐसे जानवर शामिल हैं जो लुप्तप्राय हैं और इनका  शिकार नहीं किया जा सकता है।

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं:-

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

[showhide type=”links3″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”]

Ans. B is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct India is the first country in the world to have made provisions for the protection and  conservation of environment in its constitution.
  • Statement 2 is correct  The plants in Schedule VI are prohibited from cultivation and planting.
  • Statement 3 is not correct Schedule V includes the animals which may be hunted.

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Q4. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1. Under Wildlife protection act, 1972, only state government has the authority to declare wildlife sanctuary./वन्यजीव संरक्षण अधिनियम 1972 के तहत, केवल राज्य सरकार को वन्यजीव अभयारण्य घोषित करने का अधिकार है।

2. There are 88 identified elephant corridors in India/भारत में 88 एलिफेंट कॉरिडोर हैं.

3. Haathi Mere Saathi Campaign to protect elephants, was launched by the Ministry of environment and forest (MoEF) in 2003./हाथियों की रक्षा के लिए हाथी मेरे साथी अभियान, 2003 में पर्यावरण और वन मंत्रालय  द्वारा शुरू किया गया था।

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं:-

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

[showhide type=”links4″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”]

Ans. A is correct.

  • Statement 1 is not correct  Under Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 State Government can declare an area as wildlife sanctuaries if it is of adequate ecological, geomorphological and natural significance. The Central Government may also declare a sanctuary under certain conditions.
  • Statement 2 is correct  There are 88 identified elephant corridors in India.
  • Statement 3 is not correct  Haathi Mere Saathi Campaign was launched by the Ministry of environment and forest (MoEF) in partnership with the, wildlife trust of India in 2011.

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Q5. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:-

1. Sacred groves are found in Khasi and Jaintia Hills in Meghalaya/तपोवन मेघलय में खासी और जयंतिया पहाड़ियों में पाए जाते है |

2. Community Reserves can be declared by the State Government in any private or community land, not comprised within a National Park, Sanctuary or a Conservation Reserve/राज्य सरकार किसी भी निजी अथवा  समुदाय की भूमि ,नेशनल पार्क में न आने वाली भूमि,अभ्यारण अथवा संरक्षित क्षेत्र को सामुदायिक आरक्षित क्षेत्र के अंतर्गत घोषित कर सकती है |

3. The rights of people living inside a Conservation Reserve are not affected/सरंक्षित निचय के अंदर संरक्षण रिजर्व के अंदर रहने वाले लोगों के अधिकार प्रभावित नहीं होते हैं।

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही हैं:-

(a) only 3

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

[showhide type=”links5″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”]

Ans. D is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct Sacred groves are found in Khasi and Jaintia Hills in Meghalaya, Aravalli Hills of Rajasthan, Western Ghat regions of Karnataka etc.
  • Statement 2 is correct Community Reserves can be declared by the State Government in any private or community land, not comprised within a National Park, Sanctuary or a Conservation Reserve, where an individual or a community has volunteered to conserve wildlife and its habitat.
  • Statement 3 is correct  The rights of people living inside a Conservation Reserve are not affected.

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