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Indian Geography Forests and wildlife resources :: Practice Questions

Indian Geography Forests and wildlife resources :: Practice Questions

Indian Geography Forests and wildlife resources :: Practice Questions

Q1. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:-

1. An ecosystem is a community of living organisms only/ पारिस्थितिकी तंत्र केवल जीवित प्राणियों का एक समुदाय है

2. India accounts for 8 per cent of the total number of species in the world/दुनिया की कुल प्रजातियों की कुल संख्या का 8 प्रतिशत भारत में  है

3. India is the only country in the world that has both tigers and lions/भारत दुनिया का एकमात्र देश है जिसमें बाघ और शेर दोनों हैं

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही है –

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) None of the above

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Ans. C is correct.

  • Statement 1 is not correct  An ecosystem is a community of living organisms in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment like air, water and mineral interacting as a system.
  • Statement 2 is correct  India has nearly 8 per cent of the total number of species in the world
  • Statement 3 is correct India is the only country in the world that has both tigers and lions.

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Q2. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:-

1. The country has about 13% of the world’s total species of birds and 12% of the world’s species of fish/देश में पक्षियों की लगभग 2,000 प्रजातियां (दुनिया के कुल में से 13%) 2,546 प्रजातियां मछलियां हैं|

2. One-horned rhinoceroses are mainly found in swampy land of Gir forest in Gujarat/एक सींग वाला गेंडा मुख्यतः गुजरात के गिर जंगल के दलदल मैदान में पाए जाते हैं|

3. Wild ass are mainly found in arid areas of the Rann of Kachchh/जंगली गधे मुख्य रूप से कच्छ के रण  के शुष्क क्षेत्रों में पाए जाते हैं

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct /इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही है:-

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. B is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct India has about 13% of the world’s total species of birds and 12% of the world’s species of fish.
  • Statement 2 is not correct One-horned rhinoceroses are mainly found in swampy and marshy lands of Assam and West Bengal and not in Gir forest of Gujarat.
  • Statement 3 is correct Wild ass are mainly found in arid areas of the Rann of Kachchh

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Q3. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

1. cattle, sal, pine, rodents come under normal species category/पशु, साल ,चीड़ , कृन्तक सामान्य प्रजाति श्रेणी में आते हैं |

2. Blackbuck, crocodile, Indian wild ass are the example of rare species./काला  हिरण,मगरमच्छ, भारतीय जंगली गधा दुर्लभ प्रजातियों का उदाहरण हैं।

3. Species which are found in any particular area are called Endemic species/किसी विशेष क्षेत्र में पाए जाने वाले प्रजातियों को स्थानिक प्रजाति कहा जाता है।.

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही है:-

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. B is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct  cattle, sal, pine, rodents are the example of  normal species,whose population levels are considered to be normal for their survival.
  • Statement 2 is not correct  blackbuck, crocodile, Indian wild ass, Indian rhino, lion tailed macaque, sangai (brow antlered deer in Manipur), etc are the example of endangered species.
  • Statement 3 is correct Species which are found in any particular area usually isolated by natural or geographical barriers are called endemic species.

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Q4. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें :-

1. The forest area is the area notified and recorded as the forest land irrespective of the existence of trees, while the actual forest cover is the area occupied by forests with canopy/वनीय क्षेत्र से हमारा अभिप्राय वनीय भूमि से है जिसके अंदर वृक्षों को सम्मिलित नहीं किया गया है जबकि वास्तविक वन आच्छादित क्षेत्र से हमारा अभिप्राय वन तथा वृक्षों से है |

2. Social forestry is the protection of forests and afforestation on barren lands for environmental, social and rural development/सामाजिक वानिकी का अर्थ है पर्यावरणीय, सामाजिक और ग्रामीण विकास के उद्देश्य से वनों की  सुरक्षा तथा ऊसर भूमि पर वनरोपण |.

3. Urban forestry  is raising of trees on public and privately owned lands in and around urban centres (greenbelts, parks etc)/शहरों और इनके इर्द-गिर्द निजी व् सार्वजनिक भूमि ,जैसे – हरित पट्टी,पार्क में वनरोपण |

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही है:-

(a) only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. D is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct The forest area is the area notified and recorded as the forest land irrespective of the existence of trees, while the actual forest cover is the area occupied by forests with canopy.
  • Statement 2 is correct  Social forestry is the management and protection of forests and afforestation on barren lands with the purpose of helping in the environmental, social and rural development.
  • Statement 3 is correct  Urban forestry  is Raising and management of trees on public and privately owned lands in and around urban centres such as greenbelts, parks, roadside avenues, industrial and commercial green belts, etc.

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Q5. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें :-

1. In Reserved Forests, all activities are prohibited unless permitted while in Protected Forests, all activities are permitted unless prohibited./संरक्षित वनों में बिना अनुमति के सभी गतिविधियों पर रोक है जबकि रक्षित वनों में सभी गतिविधियां की जा सकती है जब तक की कोई रोक न हो |

2. An area notified under the provisions of Indian Forest Act having limited degree of protection is known as Reserved forest/भारतीय वन सरंक्षण  अधिनियम के अनुसार वे वन जिनका संरक्षण सीमित है संरक्षित वनों के अंतर्गत आते है |

3. Unclassed Forest is an area recorded as forest but not included in reserved or protected forest category/वह  क्षेत्र जो जंगल के रूप में दर्ज किया गया है लेकिन आरक्षित या संरक्षित वन वर्ग में शामिल नहीं है अवर्गीकृत वनों में आता है |  

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही है:-

(a) only 3

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. B is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct In Reserved Forests, all activities are prohibited unless permitted while in Protected Forests, all activities are permitted unless prohibited.
  • Statement 2 is not correct An area notified under the provisions of Indian Forest Act having limited degree of protection is known as protected forest.
  • Statement 3 is correct  Unclassed Forest is an area recorded as forest but not included in reserved or protected forest category.

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