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Buddhism and Jainism- Indian History Question | UPSC-IAS Exam Preparation

Buddhism and Jainism- Indian History Question | UPSC-IAS Exam Preparation

Buddhism and Jainism- Indian History Question | UPSC-IAS Exam Preparation Q1. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें :
  1. Abhidhamma Pitaka consists religious discourse of Buddha./अभिधम्मपिटक में बुद्ध के धार्मिक प्रवचन संकलित हैं।
  2. Buddha’s Charioteer is known as Kanthaka./बुद्ध के सारथी को कंथक के रूप में जाना जाता है
  3. The act of leaving the house by Buddha is called ‘Mahabhinishkramana’./बुद्ध द्वारा गृह त्याग के कार्य को महाभिनिष्क्रमण के रूप में वर्णित किया गया है
Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/उपरोक्त में से कौन से कथन सत्य है  ?
  • Only 3
  • 1 and 2
  • 1 and 3
  • 1,2,3
[showhide type=”links1″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”] Ans. C is correct.
  • Statement 1 is correct Abhidhamma Pitaka consists religious discourse of Buddha.
  • Statement 2 is not correctBuddha’s Charioteer is known as Channa.
  • Statement 3 is correct The act of leaving the house by Buddha is called ‘Mahabhinishkramana’.
[/showhide] Q2. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें :
  1. The first sermon at Sarnath is called ‘Dharma Chakra Pravartan’ i.e. setting the wheel in motion./सारनाथ के पहले धर्मोपदेश को ‘धर्म चक्र प्रवर्तन’ कहा जाता है अर्थात पहिये को गति में लाना |
  2. Ananda and Upali were two of his closest disciples./आनंद और उपली बुद्ध के दो सबसे करीबी शिष्य थे।
  3. Buddha got enlightened at Uruvela (Bodhgaya) on the bank of river Niranjana./बुद्ध ने उरुवेला (बोधगया) में निरंजना नदी के किनारे पर ज्ञान प्राप्त किया |
Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/उपरोक्त में से कौन से कथन सत्य है  ?
  • Only 3
  • 1 and 2
  • 1 and 3
  • 1,2,3
[showhide type=”links2″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”] Ans. D is correct.
  • Statement 1 is correct The first sermon at Sarnath is called ‘Dharma Chakra Pravartan’ i.e. setting the wheel in motion.
  • Statement 2 is correct Ananda and Upali were two of his closest disciples.
  • Statement 3 is correct Buddha got enlightened at Uruvela (Bodhgaya) on the bank of river Niranjana.
[/showhide] Q3.Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें :
  1. 4th Buddhist Council held at Kundala Vana, Kashmir/चौथी बौद्ध संगीति का आयोजन कुंडल वन,कश्मीर में किया गया था |
  2. 3rd Buddhist Council was patronised by Ashoka (Maurya dynasty)/तीसरी बौद्ध संगीति मौर्य राजवंश के सम्राट अशोक का सरंक्षण प्राप्त था |
  3. 2nd Council was held at Rajgriha in 383 BC./दूसरी बौद्ध संगीति का आयोजन 383 ईसा पूर्व राजगृह (बिहार) में किया गया |
Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/उपरोक्त में से कौन से कथन सत्य है  ?
  • Only 1
  • 1 and 2
  • 1 and 3
  • 1,2,3
[showhide type=”links3″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”] Ans. B is correct.
  • Statement 1 is correct 4th Buddhist Council held at Kundala Vana, Kashmir
  • Statement 2 is correct   3rd Buddhist Council was patronised by Ashoka (Maurya dynasty)
  • Statement 3 is not correct 2nd Council was held at Vaishali in 383 BC.
[/showhide] Q4. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें :
  1. Buddhism asked for non-violence, peace and stability./बौद्ध धर्म ने अहिंसा, शांति और स्थिरता पर बल दिया |
  2. Mahayana sect of Buddhism followed Pali language./बौद्ध धर्म के महायान संप्रदाय ने पाली भाषा का अनुसरण किया |
  3. Hinayana sect of Buddhism followed Sanskrit language./बौद्ध धर्म के हीनयान संप्रदाय ने संस्कृत भाषा का अनुसरण किया |
Which of the above statement/s is/are correct /उपरोक्त में से कौन से कथन सत्य है ?
  • Only 1
  • 1 and 2
  • 1 and 3
  • 1,2,3
[showhide type=”links4″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”] Ans. A is correct.
  • Statement 1 is correctBuddhism asked for non-violence, peace and stability
  • Statement 2 is not correct Mahayana sect of Buddhism followed Sanskrit language.
  • Statement 3 is not correct Hinayana sect of Buddhism followed Pali language.
[/showhide] Q5. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें :
  1. Junagadh and Vallabhi are the famous Buddhist centers of Gujarat/जूनागढ़ और वल्लभी गुजरात के प्रसिद्ध बौद्ध केंद्र हैं |
  2. Buddha Charita is an epic style Sanskrit work by Ashvaghosha./बुद्ध चरित्र, अश्वघोष द्वारा संस्कृत शैली का महाकाव्य है |
  3. Bodhisattva means one who has essence of enlightenment./बोधिसत्व का अर्थ उस व्यक्ति से है जिसके पास ज्ञान का सार है |
Which of the above statement/s is/are correct /उपरोक्त में से कौन से कथन सत्य है ?
  • Only 3
  • 1 and 2
  • 1 and 3
  • 1,2,3
[showhide type=”links5″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”] Ans. D is correct.
  • Statement 1 is correct Junagadh and Vallabhi are the famous Buddhist centers of Gujarat
  • Statement 2 is correct Buddha Charita is an epic style Sanskrit work by Ashvaghosha
  • Statement 3 is correct Bodhisattva means one who has essence of enlightenment.
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