anthropology paper 2 2019: CS (M) Anthropology Optional Paper-II
Baljit Dhaka

anthropology paper 2 2019: CS (M) Anthropology Optional Paper-II

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anthropology paper 2 2019

UPSC Civil Service Mains Exam: Anthropology Optional Paper-2 (2019)

In this post, we will discuss anthropology optional paper-ii 2019 previous year questions. 

Marks-250                                                                                                                          Time- Three Hours

Question Paper Specific Instructions:

Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions.

  • There are EIGHT questions divided into two sections.
  • A candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
  • Questions no 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
  • The number of marks carried by a question /part is indicated against it.
  • Word limit in questions, wherever specified should be adhered to.
  • Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, an attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the answer book must be clearly struck off.


Q1. Write notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 marks
(a) Phylogenetic position and morphological features of Ramapithecus. 10 marks
(b) Ethno-archaeological analysis of hunting activities of contemporary tribal communities. 10 marks
(c) Distribution of Tibeto-Burman group of languages in India.  10 marks
(d) Use of doctrine of Karma and rebirth in justifying the Varna system. 10 marks
(e) The Jajmani system and contemporary market economy. 10 marks

Q2. (a) Describe the Palaeolithic culture with special reference to Soanian tradition. Indicate the problems of describing the Indian Palaeolithic.  20 Marks

(b) What has been the contribution of tribal people to the Indian Independence movement ?  15 Marks

(c) Describe the impact of Buddhism on the tribal populations of India. 15 Marks

Q3. (a) What kind of society may be reconstructed from the archaeological evidence of Harappan culture? 20 Marks

(b) Discuss the impact of media on the social life of Indian villages. 15 marks

(c) Critically assess the existing plans and programs meant for tribal welfare. 15 marks

Q4. (a) Give an account of the contributions of Iravati Karve and B. S. Guha to the analysis of race and caste in India.  20 Marks

(b) What has been the impact of development projects on the environment and livelihood of forest-dwelling tribes? 15 marks

(c) Identify some special programs for particularly vulnerable Tribal Groups (erstwhile PTGs). 15 marks


Q5. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 marks
(a) Ethnicity and regionalism.  10 marks
(b) Panchayati Raj as a facilitator of social inclusion in rural society.  10 marks
(c) Anthropological understanding of communalism.  10 marks
(d) Issues relating to tribal education.  10 marks
(e) Distribution of Neolithic sites in India.  10 marks

Q6. (a) Identify the theoretical concepts that have emerged out of village studies in India. . 20 marks

(b)  Critically discuss the role of NGOs in tribal development. 15 marks

(c) Describe the impact of industrialization on the economic and social aspects of India's villages. 15 marks

Q7. (a) Discuss how the elements of Little and Great Traditions combine in the emergence of social/political/religious movements, giving anyone example to illustrate the issue. 20 marks

(b) Write about the role of colonial administration in the development of Anthropology in India. 15 marks

(c) What are the salient issues faced by pastoral communities in India? Discuss with suitable examples. 15 marks

Q8. (a) Discuss with appropriate examples of how tribal unrest may be understood as emerging out of incompatibility between tribes and the nation-state. 20 marks

(b) What has been the impact of non-Hindu religions on the emancipation of Schedule Castes in India? 15  marks

(c) What are the constitutional safeguards to protect the interests of the Indian tribes? 15 marks