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Agriculture Geography Questions- General Knowledge MCQs || UPSC-IAS

Agriculture Geography Questions- General Knowledge MCQs || UPSC-IAS

Agriculture Geography Questions- General Knowledge MCQs || UPSC-IAS

Q1. Consider the following statements:

निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

1. Agriculture is the science of cultivation on the soil, raising crops and rearing livestock./ कृषि मिट्टी पर खेती करने की कला है, इसमें फसलों को उगाना और पशुपालन शामिल है।

2. Two-thirds of india’s population is engaged in agricultural activities and agriculture is a secondary activity./भारत की दो-तिहाई जनसंख्या कृषि गतिविधियों में लगी हुई है और कृषि एक द्वितीयक गतिविधि है

3. Primitive subsistence farming is practised on small patches of land with the help of fertilizers and new technology./प्रारम्भिक जीविका निर्वाह कृषि उर्वरकों और नई तकनीक की सहायता से छोटे छोटे भूखंडों पर की जाती है

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/इनमें से कौन सा कथन सही है –

(a) only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. A is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct  Agriculture is the science and art of cultivation on the soil, raising crops and rearing livestock.
  • Statement 2 is not correct Two-thirds of India’s population is engaged in agricultural activities. Agriculture is a primary activity, which produces most of the food that we consume
  • Statement 3 is not  correct  Primitive subsistence farming is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, digging sticks, and family/ community labour.

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Q2. Slash and Burn agriculture is known with different names in different places, Find the correct matches:

कर्तन एवं दहन कृषि अलग-अलग स्थानों पर अलग-अलग नामों से जानी जाती है | उपयुक्त युग्म का चयन करें

1. Jhumming-north-eastern states /झूमिंग : पूर्वोत्तर के राज्य

2. Pamlou– Manipur /पामलु : मणिपुर

3. Bewar/Dahiya– Andhra Pradesh /बेवर(दहिया) : आंध्र प्रदेश

4. Podu/Penda–Madhya Pradesh/पोडु/पेंडा : मध्य प्रदेश

(a) only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

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Ans. B is correct.

  • Match 1 is correct   Jhumming-north-eastern states
  • Match 2 is correct   Pamlou— Manipur
  • Match 3 is not correct   Bewar/Dahiya— Madhya Pradesh
  • Match 4 is not correct  Podu/Penda–Andhra Pradesh

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Q3. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

1. Primitive subsistence farming is practised in areas of high population pressure on land/प्रारम्भिक जीविका निर्वाह कृषि उन क्षेत्रों में की जाती है जहाँ का जनसंख्या घनत्व अधिक हो

2. Intensive subsistence farming is prevalent in the monsoon regions of south, southeast and east Asia./गहन जीविका निर्वाह कृषि दक्षिण , दक्षिण-पूर्व  तथा पूर्व एशिया के मानसूनी क्षेत्रों में प्रचलित है |

3. In Commercial farming, the area cultivated and the amount of capital used is very small. /वाणिज्यिक खेती में,कृषि के लिए उपयोग की जाने वाली भूमि तथा लगाई गई  पूंजी की मात्रा कम होती है |

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/ निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा कथन सत्य है

(a) only 2

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

[showhide type=”links3″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”]

Ans. A is correct.

  • Statement 1 is not correct  Intensive subsistence farming is practised in areas of high population pressure on land.
  • Statement 2 is correct   Intensive subsistence farming is prevalent in the monsoon regions of south, southeast and east Asia.
  • Statement 3 is not correct  In Commercial farming, the area cultivated and the amount of capital used is very small. Crops are grown and animals are reared for sale.

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Q4. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

1. Commercial grain farming is mainly practiced in temperate grasslands of North America, Europe and Asia./वाणिज्यिक अन्न की कृषि मुख्यतः उत्तरी अमेरिका,यूरोप तथा एशिया के शीतोष्ण ग्रास मैदान वाले भागों में की जाती है |

2. In Mixed farming , the land is used for growing food and fodder crops and rearing livestock together./मिश्रित खेती में,भूमि का उपयोग खाद्य तथा खाद्य फसलों एवं पशुपालन के लिए किया जाता है |

3. Rubber in Malaysia, Coffee in Brazil, tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc in India are examples of plantation agriculture./मलेशिया में रबड, ब्राजील में कॉफी, भारत में चाय, कॉफी, रबड़, गन्ना, केला, आदि रोपण कृषि के उदाहरण है |

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा कथन सत्य है :

(a) only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

[showhide type=”links4″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”]

Ans. D is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct Commercial grain farming is mainly practiced in temperate grasslands of North America, Europe and Asia.    
  • Statement 2 is correct In Mixed farming , the land is used for growing food and fodder crops and rearing livestock together.
  • Statement 3 is correct   Rubber in Malaysia, Coffee in Brazil, tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc in India are examples of plantation agriculture.

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Q5. Consider the following statements/निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

1. There are three distinct crop seasons in the northern and interior parts of country but not in southern parts of the country./उत्तरी तथा मध्य भारत के भागों में तीन अलग अलग फसली ऋतुयें होती है परन्तु दक्षिण भाग में ऐसा नहीं होता है |

2. Wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard are kharif crops./गेहूं, जौ, मटर, चना और सरसों  खरीफ की फसलें हैं।

3. Harvesting time of Rabi crop is September-October./रबी की फसल की कटाई का समय सितंबर-अक्टूबर है।

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct/निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा कथन सत्य है

(a) only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1,2,3

[showhide type=”links5″ more_text=”Show Answer” less_text=”Hide Answer”]

Ans. A is correct.

  • Statement 1 is correct There are three distinct crop seasons –Rabi, kharif and zaid in the northern and interior parts of country, But this distinction in the cropping season does not exist in southern parts of the country.
  • Statement 2 is not correct Wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard are rabi crops.
  • Statement 3 is not correct  Harvesting time of Kharif crop( not rabi crop) is September-October.

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