UPSC Science and Technology PDF: Topic Gaganyaan Mission Frontier IAS current Affairs
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UPSC Science and Technology PDF: Topic Gaganyaan Mission Frontier IAS current Affairs

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UPSC Science and Technology  PDF:  Topic Gaganyaan Mission  Frontier IAS current Affairs 

Gaganyaan Mission

What is Gaganyaan?

Gaganyaan is India’s maiden manned space mission.

  • If completed on schedule, India will become the fourth nation to send an independent manned mission to space.
  • The vehicle selected for the launch is GSLV Mk III.
  • Russia will help with the training of astronauts while France will help with its expertise in space medicine.

What technology has ISRO developed for the project?

  • So far, ISRO has successfully developed several necessary pieces of equipment like a re-entry space capsule, pad abort test, safe crew ejection mechanism, etc.

  • It also upgrading GSLV Mk III to make it suitable for human transport.
  • It also developed half humanoid Vyommitra to assist astronauts during the mission.

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Why is Gaganyaan significant?

  • So far  ISRO has achieved remarkable successes in unmanned space missions, but it’s the first time it’s venturing into manned space mission.

  • Like many modern space explorations, it will involve collaboration between international space agencies, like CNES of France and Glavkosmos of Russia. It will also witness the involvement of multiple Indian institutions, organizations, etc.

What are the challenges it faces or has faced?

  • The biggest challenge for it is and has been funding. It is estimated to cost more than 10,000 crores.

  • The other big challenge is technology. India doesn’t have the facility to train astronauts. It had to take Russia’s help for it. Also, it is necessary to ensure that astronauts will be safe in the space.

How will it benefit us?

  • Most of the equipment needed for the mission will be developed indigenously. It will lead to technological innovations, advancements, and spinoffs, and create new industries.

  • Along with that, it will inspire youth to take up sciences for national development, contribute to the Indian economy by generating employment, and establish Indian as a key player in the emerging space industry.

Why is human space exploration significant?

  • It helps to address fundamental questions about our place in the Universe and the history of our solar system.

  • Certain missions are better performed by humans, because of their versatility, intelligence, and speed, etc, than by robots. For instance, mars rovers Spirit and Opportunity traveled as far in 8 years as the Apollo astronauts traveled in 3 days.

Vikram Sarabhai and India's space Mission

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