UPSC Guidance series Part 1: UPSC Mains I Syllabus
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UPSC Guidance series Part 1: UPSC Mains I Syllabus

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UPSC Guidance series Part 1: UPSC Mains I Syllabus I previous year papers analysis

In this article, we are proving important tips and guide on how to link static and current affairs GK and insights on writing ability. 

It is advisable to watch the below video so that you can also understand the entire message of this article. 

What are the issues students face when they start preparation? 

What students do common mistakes are 

Don’t understand the syllabus

Students don't understand the syllabus and straight forward they start preparation. After one or two years they realize they were doing irrelevant preparation. So ideally in starting students must understand thoroughly the requirement of UPSC, its syllabus, and the types of questions asked. Learn the syllabus by heart. It should be on your tips. 

Don’t try to integrate to prelims and mains

This is the most common mistake students make. They think that first, they should qualify, and then they will start mains preparation. In fact prelims and mains, the gap is only 110-120 days. In such a short span of time covering the entire syllabus of GS1, GS2, GS3, GS4 and optional paper along with an essay and compulsory papers in English and one language (can be Hindi also) is not possible. As just having is not enough in mains in fact writing practice is required. Mains is all about writing skills. If students don't integrate with prelims and mains syllabus and preparation they will in trouble surly. 

Don’t go through previous year papers to understand the requirement of exams

It is surprising many students don't feel need what kind of questions papers are there in the mains exam and what kind of questions are asked. It is important that students should go through the last 5-6 years of papers to understand trends, linking with the syllabus, what kind of questions are being asked and how will they cope with these questions papers trend. 

Mostly don’t understand what is expected from a student

Connecting what they are studying in the coaching or on any platform and what is expected by UPSC is very very important. This problem is more with Hindi medium students. Accept the truth, understand what is the requirement, and how should they will prepare. Self-analysis is the best analysis in this regard. So above points like previous year papers, syllabus, topic wise questions will help them to introspect. 

Trap in coaching centers marketing and easy things especially Hindi medium students

UPSC is India's toughest exam. For that, you have to become tough and if you prepare systematically it will become easy. Try to do relevant things which may be in starting you find difficult but will give you dividends in the future. Many students get trapped in coaching centers especially the Hindi medium and they start preparing easy things and they don't come out from their comfort zone. Coaching centers get benefits from their comfort zone and teach only what students instead of what will come in the exam. Students are responsible for this as this is their duty to come out from the comfort zone. So don't become part of the crowd, you will be in trouble. 

More dependent on teachers/coaching instead of self-analysis and actions

For UPSC exam preparation you must develop reading habits, self-study, writing ability, and analyzing what is relevant or not. Becoming so much dependent on teachers is very dangerous. When you will see previous years' papers especially mains and current affairs, you will start automatically realize that spoon-feeding is not required. Just support and guidance is required for some time. 

Data understanding and analysis

 

Relevant contents: very difficult to understand in starting and later too late

Hindi Medium: focus leading to ignorance and vicious cycle

UPSC MAINS 2019 G.S.-3 PAPER

Q

Words

Marks

1

150

10

2

150

10

3

150

10

4

150

10

5

150

10

6

150

10

7

150

10

8

150

10

9

150

10

10

150

10

11

250

15

12

250

15

13

250

15

14

250

15

15

250

15

16

250

15

17

250

15

18

250

15

19

250

15

20

250

15

 

4000

250

4000 words, 180 minutes

150 words Question : 6.75 minutes

250 words question: 11.25 minutes

Indicators

  • Diagram
  • Graph
  • Chart
  • Data
  • Report
  • Quotes
  • Examples
  • Bullet points
  • presentation
  • Numbering
  • Underlining
  • Mains points
  • Structure
  • Relevant
  • Cohesiveness
  • Positivity
  • completeness

GS Paper 3 : (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

  1. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development, and employment.
  2. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  3. Government Budgeting.
  4. Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, - different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  5. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  6. Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  7. Land reforms in India.
  8. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  9. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  10. Investment models.
  11. Science and technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  12. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  13. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  14. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  15. Disaster and disaster management.
  16. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  17. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  18. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  19. Security challenges and their management in border areas - linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  20. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

UPSC mains GS Paper 3: Previous years Papers

UPSC MAINS 2019 G.S.-3 PAPER

1.Enumerate the indirect taxes which have been subsumed in the goods and services tax (GST) in India. Also, comment on the revenue implications of the GST introduced in India since July 2017.                                                                                         (150 words) 10

2.Do you agree with the view that steady GDP growth and low inflation have left the Indian economy in good shape? Give reasons in support of your arguments.                                                                            (150 words) 10

3.How far is Integrated Farming System (IFS) helpful in sustaining agricultural production (150 words) 10

4.Elaborate the impact of the National Watershed Project in increasing agricultural production from water-stressed areas.                                                                           (150 words) 10

5. How was India benefited from the contributions of Sir M. Visvesvaraya and Dr. M. S. Swaminathan in the fields of water engineering and agricultural science respectively? (150 words) 10

6. What is India’s plan to have its own space station and how will it benefit our space programme?                                                                 (Answer in 150 words) 10

7. Coastal sand mining, whether legal or illegal, poses one of the biggest threats to our environment. Analyze the impact of sand mining along the Indian coasts, citing specific examples.                                                  (Answer in 150 words) 10

8. Vulnerability is an essential element for defining disaster impacts and its threat to people. How and in what ways can vulnerability to disasters be characterized? Discuss different types of vulnerability with reference to disasters.                              ( 150 words) 10

9. The banning of ‘Jamaat-e-Islami’ in Jammu and Kashmir brought into focus the role of over-ground workers (OGWs) in assisting terrorist organizations. Examine the role played by OGWs in assisting terrorist organizations in insurgency affected areas. Discuss measures to neutralize influence of OGWs.                                                       (150 words) 10

10. What is the CyberDome Project? Explain how it can be useful in controlling internet crimes in India. (150 words) 10

11. It is argued that the strategy of inclusive growth is intended to meet the objectives of inclusiveness and sustainability together. Comment on this statement. (250 words)15

12. The public expenditure management is a challenge to the Government of India in context of budget making during the post liberalization period. Clarify it.        (250 words)15

13. What are the reformative steps taken by the Government to make food grain distribution system more effective?    (250 words)15

14. Elaborate the policy taken by the Government of India to meet the challenges of the food processing sector.     (250 words)15                                                                                         

15. How is the Government of India protecting traditional knowledge of medicine from patenting by pharmaceutical companies?                                                             (250 words)15

16. How can biotechnology help to improve the living standards of farmers?              (250 words)15

17. Define the concept of carrying capacity of an ecosystem as relevant to an environment. Explain how understanding this concept is vital while planning for sustainable development of a region.                                                                                                   (250 words)15

18. Disaster preparedness is the first step in any disaster management process. Explain how hazard zonation mapping will help disaster mitigation in the case of landslides. (250 words)15

19. Indian Government has recently strengthened the anti-terrorism laws by amending the unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967 and the NIA act. Analyze the changes in the context of prevailing security environment while discussing the scope and reasons for opposing the UAPA by human rights organizations. (250 words)15

20. Cross-Border movement of insurgents is only one of the several security challenges facing the policing of the border in North-East India. Examine the various challenges currently emanating across the India-Myanmar border. Also, discuss the steps to counter the challenges. (250 words)15