UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Sociology Optional 2018 Paper-II
Baljit Dhaka

UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Sociology Optional 2018 Paper-II

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UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Sociology Optional 2018 Paper-II

Marks-250                                                                                                                                        Time: Three Hours

Question Paper Specific Instructions:

Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions.

  • There are EIGHT questions divided into two sections.
  • A candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
  • Questions no 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
  • The number of marks carried by a question /part is indicated against it.
  • Word limit in questions, wherever specified should be adhered to.
  • Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the answer book must be clearly struck off.


Q 1. Write short answers with a sociological perspective of the following questions in about 150 words each. 10×5=50 marks

(a) Write a note on G.S.Ghurye’s Indological perspective of understanding Indian society.  10 marks

(b) Give a critical analysis of Andre Beteille’s study of Tanjore village.  10 marks

(c) Media is the fourth pillar of democracy. Discuss.  10 marks

(d) Write a note on the changing roles of middle-class women in India.  10 marks

(e) Discuss the growth of religious sects in India.  10 marks

Q 2. (a) Analyse A.R. Desai’s views on India’s path of development.  20 marks

(b) Examine sociological dynamics of Champaran Peasant Movement in colonial India.  20 marks

(c) How do the recommendations of Swaminathan Commissions (2004-2006) ensure food and nutrition security for the Indian masses?  10 marks

Q 3. (a) What do you understand by discrete castes and muddled hierarchies? Substantiate your answer with suitable illustrations.  20 marks

(b) Discuss development induced displacement in the context of tribal uprising in India. Substantiate your answer with anyone detailed illustration from India.  20 marks

(c) Illustrate the importance of ‘Kanyadan’ and ‘Kulabadhu’ in changing institution of marriage and family.  10 marks

Q 4. (a) How has the New Economic Policy (1991) affected the lifestyle and life changed in new middle class in India.  20 marks

(b) Write a critical narrative on the concerns of religious minorities in India.  20 marks

(c) Discuss the issues relating to the entitlement of transgender in Indian society.  10 marks


Q 5. Write short answers, with a sociological perspective of the following questions in about 150 words each. 10×5=50 marks

(a) Elaborate the concept of constitutional morality as given by B.R.Ambedkar.  10 marks

(b) Construct a sociological narrative on the increasing trend of child abuse in India.  10 marks

(c) Explain the dynamics of neo-farmers movement in contemporary India.  10 marks

(d) Assess the role of the State in promoting education of girl child.  10 marks

(e) Elaborate the ‘Me Too’ movement and its impact in India.  10 marks

Q 6. (a) How do you relate the growth of development of metropoles and its impact on the mental and social life of people in India.  20 marks

(b) Has Green Revolution led to the formation of new power elite in rural India? Elaborate your answer.  20 marks

(c) Write a note on Basic Services to Urban Poet (BSUP) and Integrated Housing and Slum Development (IHSD) program provided for the urban poor.  10 marks

Q 7. (a) Has caste system hindered democracy and adult franchise in India. Discuss.  20 marks

(b) Elaborate various forms of Dalit assertions in contemporary India? Discuss.  20 marks

(c) With increase in education and economic development is Indian society becoming more secular.  10 marks

Q 8. (a) What are the issues relating to male migration and its impact on birthrate? Does it necessarily result in skewed sex ratio?  20 marks

(b) Western patriarchy which surrenders feminine principles is the development project in India. Do you agree with this view? Why?  20 marks

(c) Assess the impact of ban on ‘Triple Talak’ on marriage and divorce among the Muslim community in India.  10 marks