UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Political Science and International Relations Optional 2018 Paper-I
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UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Political Science and International Relations Optional 2018 Paper-I

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UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Political Science and International Relations Optional 2018 Paper-I

Marks-250                                                                                                                                        Time: Three Hours

Question Paper Specific Instructions:

Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions.

  • There are EIGHT questions divided into two sections.
  • A candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
  • Questions no 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
  • The number of marks carried by a question /part is indicated against it.
  • Word limit in questions, wherever specified should be adhered to.
  • Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the answer book must be clearly struck off.

SECTION-A

1. Comment on the following in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 marks

1. (a) John Stuart Mill is a 'reluctant democrat”. - C. L. Wayper 10 marks

1. (b) Decline of Political Theory 10 marks

1. (c) Distributive Justice 10 marks

1. (d) Substantive Democracy 10 marks

1. (e) "Nothing against the State, nothing over it, nothing beyond it." - Mussolini 10 marks

2. (a) Critically examine the neo-liberal theory of State. 20 marks

2. (b) Analyse John Rawls justification of discrimination to achieve the goals of Justice. 15 marks

2. (c) Equality means fair treatment rather than equal treatment. Comment. 15 marks

3. (a) What do you understand by three generations of Human Rights ? 20 marks

3. (b) Critically examine Macpherson's views on Democracy. 15 marks

3. (c) Explain the relationship between power, authority and legitimacy. 15 marks

4. (a) John Locke is the father of liberalism. Explain. 20 marks

4. (b) Discuss Ambedkar's ideas on 'annihilation of caste'. 15 marks

4. (c) Critically examine Machiavelli's views on religion and politics.  15 marks

SECTION-B

5. Comment on the following in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 marks

5. (a) Revolt of 1857 is a 'Sepoy Mutiny' or 'First War of Independence'. 10 marks

5. (b) Indian Constitution is a "Lawyers' Paradise'. - Ivor Jennings 10 marks

5. (c) New Panchayat Raj is an effective instrument for women empowerment. 10 marks

5. (d) Implementation of GST and NEET is a major challenge to Indian federalism. 10 marks

5. (e) Political personalities are more significant than political parties in India. 10 marks

6. (a) Whether judicial activism has undermined or strengthened Parliamentary Democracy in India ? Discuss. 20 marks

6. (b) Do the Lieutenant Governors have more powers than the Governors of the States ? Explain. 15 marks

6. (c) Critically examine the ethnic conflicts in North-East India. 15 marks

7. (a) Examine the provisions of Panchayat Extension Services Act (PESA), 1996. 20 marks

7. (b) Analyse the arguments in favour and against the lateral entry into higher civil services in India. 15 marks

7. (c) Discuss asymmetrical federalism in India. 15 marks

8. (a) Examine the various causes of agrarian crisis in India. 20 marks

8. (b) Explain the increasing role of regional political parties in the national politics. 15 marks

8. (c) Critically analyse the environmentalist movement in Tuticorin, Tamilnadu. 15 marks