UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Anthropology Optional 2018 Paper-II
Baljit Dhaka
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UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Anthropology Optional 2018 Paper-II

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UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Anthropology Optional 2018 Paper-II

Marks-250                                                                                                                                   Time: Three Hours

Question Paper Specific Instructions:

Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions.

  • There are EIGHT questions divided into two sections.
  • A candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
  • Questions no 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
  • The number of marks carried by a question /part is indicated against it.
  • Word limit in questions, wherever specified should be adhered to.
  • Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the answer book must be clearly struck off.


1. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10X5=50 marks

1.(a) Distinctive cultural features of tribes of Andaman islands 10 marks

1.(b) Philosophy behind Purusharthas 10 marks

1.(c) Endangered Languages 10 marks

1.(d) OBCs among non-Hindu communities. 10 marks

1.(e) Ethnoarchaeology as a research strategy 10 marks

2.(a) Explain the contribution of tribal cultures to Indian civilization. 20 marks

2.(b) Describe the salient features of Sivapithecus. 15 marks

2.(c) Discuss the impact of market economy on rural villages. 15 marks

3.(a) Examine the regional variations of Mesolithic cultures of India. 20 marks

3.(b) Based on historical and contemporary evidences discuss the future of caste system in India.  15 marks

3.(c) Examine the colonial administrators' view that Indian villages can be considered as ‘little public’ 15 marks

4.(a) Explain the impact of Buddhism and Jainism on Indian society. 20 marks

4.(b) What are the various factors influencing population growth in India ? Discuss. 15 marks

4.(c) Discuss the view that caste is not social stratification, but a system of hierarchy. 15 marks


5. Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each 10x5=50 marks

5.(a) Youth dormitory as an institution 10 marks

5.(b) Tribe and scheduled tribe 10 marks

5.(c) Agrarian social structure 10 marks

5.(d) The impact of Panchayati Raj institutions in rural areas 10 marks

5.(e) Modernization 10 marks

6.(a) Compare and contrast the economic typology of tribes given by different anthropologists. 20 marks

6.(b) Discuss the contribution of S. C. Roy in the study of tribal cultures in India. 15 marks

6.(c) Examine the advancement made in the land acquisition and rehabilitation Act of 2013 Over the land acquisition Act of 1894. 15 marks

7.(a) Critically examine the contributions of Makhan Jha and B. N. Saraswati to the study of sacred complexes in India. 20 marks

7.(b) Discuss the various factors resulting in tribal unrest in various parts of India. 15 marks

7.(c) Discuss the salient features of PESA Act of 1996 and attempt a comparison with the features of the VI Schedule. 15 marks

8.(a) Examine the strengths and weaknesses of anthropology in the context of its role in tribal and rural development. 20 marks

8.(b) Explain the significance of tribe-caste continuum in the present context. 15 marks

8.(c) Discuss the significance and implementation of ‘Recognition of Forest Right's Act 2006’. 15 marks