UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Anthropology Optional 2018 Paper-I
Baljit Dhaka
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UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Anthropology Optional 2018 Paper-I

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UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam: Anthropology Optional 2018 Paper-I

Marks-250                                                                                                                                   Time: Three Hours

Question Paper Specific Instructions:

Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions.

  • There are EIGHT questions divided into two sections.
  • A candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
  • Questions no 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
  • The number of marks carried by a question /part is indicated against it.
  • Word limit in questions, wherever specified should be adhered to.
  • Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the answer book must be clearly struck off.


Q1. Write notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 marks

(a) The Relevance of Anthropology. 10 marks

(b) Difference between Science and Magic. 10 marks

(c) Town Planning of Harappan Culture. 10 marks

(d) Kinship Terminology. 10 marks

(e) Ways of Acquiring Mate in Tribal Society. 10 marks

Q2. (a) Explain the biological changes that made human beings capable of making culture. 20 marks

(b) How does customary law function in the tribal society? Discuss its different sources. 15 marks

(c) What do you understand by the National Character Study? Illustrate the concept. 15 marks

Q3. (a) Define ethnography and present a brief history of ethnographic studies. 20 marks

(b) Give an account of the consequences of food production of Neolithic culture. 15 marks

(c) Critically examine that the structure and content of language are influenced by culture 15 marks

Q4. (a) How is case study method helpful in understanding a social phenomenon? Explain with suitable example. 20 marks

(b) Describe the culture related to Homo erectus. 15 marks

(c) Write the characteristics of hunting and gathering economy. 15 marks


Q5. Write notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 marks

(a) Gordon Child's Theory of Cultural Evolution 10 marks  

(b) Advanced Molecular Anthropology Techniques 10 marks

(e) Categorize Genes that influence Human Survival. 10 marks

(d) Race is a Myth. Justify its Present-Day Relevance. 10 marks

(e) Issues of Elderly and Senescence in Developing and Developed Countries 10 marks

Q6. (a) Explain the mechanisms of human variation in gene frequencies. 20 marks

(b) Do Allen's rule and Bergmann's rule hold for human populations? Explain with examples. 15 marks

(c) Explain the impact of discovery of iron technology on contemporary Society. 15 marks

Q7. (a) Describe the mechanisms for structural anomalies of autosomes with diagrams. 20 marks

(b) Describe the principles of radiocarbon dating. Mention its limitations. 15 marks

(c) Narrate evolution of disease and major causes of ill health in human populations. 15 marks

Q8. (a) Distinguish between adaptation, adaptability and acclimatization with Examples. 20 marks

(b) Define fecundity and explain major factors affecting fecundity in Indian populations. 15  marks

(c) Give an account of the field methods used in the study of Archaeological Anthropology 15 marks