HPSC Topic Wise Current Affairs 2020: National affairs-II
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HPSC Topic Wise Current Affairs 2020: National affairs-II

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HCS Last One Year Topic Wise Current Affairs: National Affairs Part-II

Haryana Civil Services Exam

CURRENT AFFAIRS YEARLY 2020

Last one-year Current Affairs For HCS Exam: National Affairs Part-II

1. Uttar Pradesh government is expanding the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana Ayushman Bharat in the state.

  • The state government is mulling over the selection of beneficiaries on the basis of the national food security act for the Ayushman Bharat scheme. 
  • This step will include half of the state's population under the health cover scheme of Ayushman Bharat
  • Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath had a high-level meeting with the concerned officers on this issue. 
  • After making NFSA the basis of the selection of the Ayushman Bharat scheme, the beneficiaries of the Antyodaya scheme, eligible householder scheme, and other schemes will also become eligible beneficiaries of the Ayushman Bharat scheme.
  • This will increase the number of eligible beneficiary families to 3.58 crore under the Ayushman Bharat scheme in the state 
  • Currently, under the Ayushman Bharat Scheme, the beneficiary is selected on the basis of social, economic, ethnic census-2011. On this basis of selection, 1.18 crore families of the state are eligible for the Ayushman Bharat scheme.

2. India and France were re-elected as the President and Co-President of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) for a term of two years at the virtual meeting of the Third Assembly held on 14 October.

  • Four new Vice-Presidents were also chosen to represent the four regions of ISA. The representatives of Fiji & Nauru for Asia Pacific Region; Mauritius & Niger for Africa Region; UK & Netherlands for Europe and others Region, and Cuba and Guyana for Latin America and Caribbean Region assumed the vice presidency.
  • The Assembly also approved the initiatives of the ISA Secretariat in institutionalizing ISA’s engagement with the private and public corporate sector through the Coalition for Sustainable Climate Action (CSCA). Ten public sector organizations in India presented a cheque for 1 million USD each at the assembly.

3. Maharashtra Governor Bhagat Singh launched the ayurvedic ‘chemo recovery kits’ developed by a Pune-based cancer research institute and called for joint research by scientists in Ayurveda and modern medicine for cancer treatment.

  • The chemo recovery kits, containing an ayurvedic formulation and developed by the Integrated Cancer Treatment and Research Centre of the Bharatiya Sanskriti Darshan Trust, Pune with financial assistance from the Tata Trusts, were launched by Koshyari at the Raj Bhavan.

4. India has been elected as a member of the United Nations Commission on Status of Women, a body of the Economic and Council (ECOSOC).

  • India will be a member of the United Nations Commission on Status of Women for four years, 2021 to ‘25.
  • India, Afghanistan, and China had contested the elections to the Commission on Status of Women. Even as India and Afghanistan won the ballot among the 54 members, China could not cross the half-way mark.
  • The Economic and Social Council is at the heart of the United Nations system to advance the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social, and environmental. 

5. The top administrators’ body, the Indian Civil & Administrative Services (Central) Association was renamed as IAS Association

  • The body with consensus cleared the proposal to drop the reference to the ‘colonial-era’ ICS (Indian Civil Services) -- for the association of IAS officers highlights Indian ethos.
  • The new name was unanimously cleared during the association's Annual General Body Meeting
  • The new name -- IAS Association -- also highlights the Indian ethos
  • The association’s AGM also picked the motto ‘Yogah Karmasu Kaushalam’ (Perfection in action is Yogah) for the top administrators.

6. India has joined the Djibouti Code of Conduct/ Jeddah Amendment, DCOC/JA, as Observer. 

  • DCOC/JA is a grouping on maritime matters comprising 18 member states adjoining the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, the East Coast of Africa and Island countries in the Indian Ocean Region. 
  • India has joined Japan, Norway, the UK and the US as Observers to the DCOC/JA.
  • The DCOC, established in January 2009, is aimed at repression of piracy and armed robbery against ships in the Western Indian Ocean Region, the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea.

7. Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog, has launched the Atma Nirbhar Bharat ARISE-Atal New India Challenges. 

  • The programme will spur applied research and innovation in Indian MSMEs and startups. 
  • The initiative will help identify and promote innovations necessary for boosting the MSME sector.
  • The programme will be driven by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), four ministries including the Ministry of Defence; the Ministry of Food Processing Industries; the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs along with associated industries to facilitate innovative solutions to sectoral problems.

8. The Union Home Ministry has granted the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) registration to Gurdwara Harmandir Sahib, or the Golden Temple, in Amritsar. 

  • It will now enable the Golden Temple to receive foreign donations. 
  • The foreign contribution can be used by the Sikh shrine for providing financial and medical assistance to the needy. 
  • It can also be used to organise langar which is a free community kitchen.

9. Official language of Jammu and Kashmir

  • The Union Cabinet has approved J&K official languages Bill 2020. 
  • According to the J&K official languages Bill 2020, Kashmiri, Dogri and Hindi along with Urdu and English, will be the official languages in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • The J&K official languages Bill 2020 will be introduced in Parliament in the upcoming Monsoon Session. 
  • This bill will include Dogri, Hindi and Kashmiri as official languages of the Union Territory

10. Pang Lhabsol- festival 

  • Pang Lhabsol, a festival of cultural heritage and historical importance is one of the most historically and culturally significant festivals celebrated annually by Sikkim people. 
  • This festival is celebrated only in this state. It commemorates the blessing of Mount Khangchendzonga as the guardian deity of Sikkim

11.Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated the historic Kosi Rail Mega Bridge in Bihar through video conference 

  • Inaugurated recently in Bihar.
  • Sanctioned by the Centre during 2003-04.
  • Connects Nirmali and Saraigarh districts of Bihar.
  • Provides a shorter route to the Northeast.
  • The bridge is of strategic importance along the India-Nepal border.
  • Prime Minister also inaugurated other rail projects which include a new railway bridge on the Kiul River, two new railway lines, five electrification projects, one electric locomotive shed at Barauni and a third line project between Barh-Bakhtiyarpur 

12.Indian Railways has launched the first privately operated RO-RO freight train

  • First-ever RORO service of South Western Railway from Nelamangala (near Bangalore, Karnataka) to Bale (near Solapur, Maharashtra) has been started.
  • This shall be the only privately operated RORO train service on Indian Railways.
  • Roll On Roll Off (RORO) is a concept of carrying road vehicles loaded with various commodities, on open flat railway wagons.
  • In April, the railway board approved the proposal to launch the RO-RO service — which allows goods-laden trucks to be loaded onto railway wagons — on a trial basis. Each train can carry 30 to 45 trucks.

13.The government has unveiled the first look of India’s first Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) train which can attain a top speed of 180 kilometers per hour and whose design is inspired by Delhi’s iconic Lotus Temple.

  • Once in operation, it will run on the Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut corridor and reduce travel time between the two cities to about an hour. 
  • The RRTS trains, with a stainless steel outer body, will be lightweight and fully air-conditioned.

14.South India’s first Kisan rail

  • Chief minister YS Jaganmohan Reddy flagged off South India’s first Kisan rail. 
  • The one-of-its-kind train will be particularly helpful for farmers from the Rayalaseema region by transporting their produce from Anantapur to New Delhi. 
  • “About 312 metric tonnes of horticulture produce is being harvested in the state in 17.42 lakh hectares. 
  • Nearly 15.6 percent of fruit production in the country is done in AP.
  • Though Andhra Pradesh is called the ‘fruit capital of south India’, it was difficult to tap outside markets owing to transportation and other issues.
  • India's first 'Kisan Rail' will run between Maharashtra and Bihar 

15.Former minister of food processing industries Harsimrat Kaur Badal tendered her resignation from the Cabinet in protest of legislation seeking to liberalise agricultural markets.

  • President of India Ram Nath Kovind has accepted minister of food processing industries Harsimrat Kaur Badal’s resignation from the Union Cabinet and directed that Narendra Singh Tomar be assigned the additional charge of the ministry.

16.The first-ever Cargo Ferry Service between India and the Maldives was jointly launched.

  • It has opened a new chapter in connectivity initiatives in the Indian Ocean Region.
  • Mansukh L. Mandaviya, Minister of State for Shipping (Independent Charge) and Aishath Nahula, Minister of Transport and Civil Aviation of the Maldives in a virtual ceremony.
  • The ceremony was also attended by representatives from Tuticorin and Cochin ports, as well as officials from the Maldives Ports Limited (MPL) and the Foreign Ministry of Maldives.
  • The Cargo Ferry Vessel MCP Linz operated by the Shipping Corporation of India will connect Tuticorin and Cochin ports in India with Kulhudhuffushi and Male ports in the Maldives.

17.Lieutenant Governor of Jammu and Kashmir, Manoj Sinha has launched the National Generic Document Registration System for the union territory.

  • The system was developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) to address the diversity and variations that prevails across the states on account of formats, languages, processes and formulae.
  • The software enables “anywhere access” to information and data to both the Enforcement Agencies and to the common man. 
  • The system has so far been adopted in three states namely Punjab, Rajasthan and Maharashtra. 

18.National Highways & Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL) has speeded up the detailed project report work on Shinkun La Tunnel.

  • The tunnel connects the Union Territory of Ladakh and tribal Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. The tunnel is 13.5 Km long.
  • On completion of this tunnel, the Manali – Kargil highway will remain open throughout the year.

19.Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated six mega projects in Uttarakhand under the Namami Gange Mission.

  • These projects include the construction of Sewage Treatment Plants in Haridwar and Rishikesh, Chandreshwar Nagar, Chorpani and Badrinath.
  • The first museum on Ganga, Ganga Avalokan, located at Chandi Ghat, Haridwar, has also been inaugurated that will showcase the culture, biodiversity and rejuvenation activities done in the Ganga river.
  • He will also launch a book titled ‘Rowing down the Ganges’ that conceptualizes the story of the Ganga.
  • The book has been co-published by the National Mission for Clean Ganga & Wildlife Institute of India.
  • PM Modi will also launch the logo of Jal Jeevan Mission and ‘Margdarshika’ for Gram Panchayats and ‘Paani Samitis’ under Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • Namami Gange Mission is a flagship program of the Government of India launched in 2014.
  • It is an umbrella program that aims to abate pollution, conserve and rejuvenate Ganga.
  • It is being implemented by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG).

20.Smart Performance Appraisal Report Recording Online Window (SPARROW) system for J&K Administrative Service officers

  • Lieutenant Governor, Manoj Sinha launched the Smart Performance Appraisal Report Recording Online Window (SPARROW) system for J&K Administrative Service officers
  • The Performance Appraisal Reports of AIS officers are submitted on the SPARROW portal. On the same analogy, the Government of J&K has decided to switch over from manual to online generation and recording of Annual Performance Reports in respect of members of J&K Administrative Service on this system.
  • The Project is being implemented by J&K e-Governance Agency, Information Technology Department in collaboration with the National Informatics Centre and the General Administration Department.
  • The Sparrow System will not only overcome the delay in the processing of the manual recording of APRs but will also facilitate the electronic filing through a user-friendly interface – anywhere,  anytime. 

21.1st ever Cannabis Medicine project

  • The first-ever Cannabis Medicine project will be set up in Jammu and Kashmir in collaboration with Canada.
  • This will be the first foreign investment in the Union Territory.
  • The project will be set up at the Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Jammu and Kashmir will be the first in the country to develop medicines from the cannabis plant.
  • Also, the retail price of Cannabis in India is 0.10 USD per gram. This is the lowest of any country in the world.

22.New logo for the National Bamboo Mission

  • Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar has inaugurated  22 bamboo clusters in nine states by virtual mode. These states are Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Assam, Nagaland, Tripura, Uttarakhand and Karnataka. A logo for the National Bamboo Mission was also released
  • The restructured National Bamboo Mission was adopted in 2018-19. 

23.Kerala will set up its first International Women Trade Centre in terms of the United Nations Sustainable Development goals.

  • The International Women Trade Centre will dedicate space to women to promote arts and cultural forms such as music, dance and theatre for women.

24.Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan has flagged off the first of the three Marine Ambulance boats built by the Cochin Shipyard for the Fisheries Department. 

  • The boat, named ‘Pratheeksha’, was handed over to the Fisheries Department.
  • The Chief Minister participated in the function through a video conference.
  • The Marine Ambulance specializes in providing first aid and also rescue operations. The ambulance is capable of providing critical care to up to five people simultaneously.
  • The ambulance has been designed under the standards of the Indian Registry of Shipping.

25.The Union Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Thawar Chand Gehlot has launched ‘Kiran’, a toll-free helpline number for mental health rehabilitation. 

  • The launch of the helpline number took place virtually amid the ongoing COVID-19 crisis.
  • The helpline number (1800-599-0019) has been developed by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment along with its partners. 
  • Kiran helpline service targets to resolve the mental health issues faced by the people across the country, especially in the present times of lockdown because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

26.World Class State of Art Honey Testing Laboratory’ inaugurated in Anand (Gujarat) by Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Narendra Singh Tomar; set up by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)

  • The move is in line with PM Narendra Modi's vision to bring a sweet revolution in India. The establishment of a Laboratory will encourage a large number of farmers for production and marketing of Honey and earn more profit in agriculture.

27.Prime Minister Narendra Modi has addressed the Smart India Hackathon of the All India Council for Technical Education. 

  • The Grand Finale of Smart India Hackathon-2020 (Software) held on the 1st of August.
  • This is the fourth edition of the hackathon organised by the HRD Ministry and it has proved to be extremely successful in promoting out-of-the-box thinking in young minds.
  • Smart India Hackathon is a nationwide initiative to provide students with a platform to solve some of the pressing problems we face in our daily lives.

28.The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has taken another big step towards making India “Aatma Nirbhar” by joining hands with ITBP to supply mustard oil. 

  • KVIC and ITBP have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that the ITBP will soon place an order for the supply of 1200 quintals of high quality kacchi ghani mustard oil which will be supplied by KVIC through its PMEGP units in a month’s time.
  • The ITBP is the nodal agency appointed by MHA for the procurement of provisions on behalf of all paramilitary forces.

29.The National Education Policy (NEP) has dropped Mandarin or ‘Chinese’ from its list of examples of foreign languages that can be taught in schools.

  • It is the language of government and education of the Chinese mainland and Taiwan, with the notable exceptions of Hong Kong and Macau where a local dialect of Chinese called Cantonese is more often used.
  • The plan for teaching Mandarin in Indian schools and Hindi language instruction in Chinese schools as part of an Education Exchange Programme signed by both countries in 2006

30.Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar has launched the Sahakar Cooptube NCDC Channel, a new initiative by National Cooperative Development Corporation.

  • Cooperatives have a major role in the country in realizing the Prime Minister’s dreams.
  • The Minister also launched guidance videos produced by NCDC on ‘Formation and Registration of A Cooperative’ for eighteen different states in Hindi and regional languages.