HCS Topic Wise Yearly Current Affairs 2020: National Affairs-III
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HCS Last One Year Topic Wise Current Affairs: National Affairs Part-III
Haryana Civil Services Exam
CURRENT AFFAIRS YEARLY 2020
Last one-year Current Affairs For HCS Exam: National Affairs Part-III
1. Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu has launched E-Gyan Mitra mobile app
- The “E-Gyan Mitra” mobile app has been launched to provide online education.
- The Education Department of Daman Administration has rolled out the E-Gyan Mitra app, which is becoming popular among the students and parents
- Administrator of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu: Praful Patel
2. The Northern Railway ran its first Vyapar Mala Express train from Kishanganj in Delhi bound for Jirania in Tripura.
- It will help small traders to move their cargo in short time, cost effective, convenient and environment-friendly mode of transportation.
- The train has 46 wagons and It is an express service where piece-meal stock will reach its destination in a shorter time.
- The train departed at Kishanganj, Delhi to reach Jirania and It will cover 2673 Km from Punjab to Tripura.
3. The Indian Armed Forces have decided to revive “Project Cheetah” amidst tensions with China.
- The project was pending for a long time and the tri-services have now decided to revive the project under Rs 3,500 crores.
- The proposal of reviving “Project Cheetah” has been sent to a newly formed high-level defence ministry committee under Ajay Kumar.
- Ajay Kumar is the defence secretary. He is in charge of all capital procurements of Indian Army, Navy and Air Force.
4. The Chief Minister of Gujarat, Vijay Rupani has launched Rs 1,800 crore scheme “Mukhya Mantri Kisan Sahay Yojana” by replacing “Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)”, for FY20-21.
- In this regard the state government will launch a dedicated portal so that farmers can apply online.
- Farmers who have sown crops for kharif (monsoon) 2020 season i.e. sown till July, and tribal farmers registered under the Forest Rights Act are eligible for this scheme.
5. The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has recently released the ranking of states under AMRUT scheme.
- Odisha has secured first position by scoring 85.67%.
- AMRUT is Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation Scheme.
- The scheme aims to provide piped water supply to households in urban areas of the state. It also aims at construction of sewerage treatment plants and improving green spaces in the cities.
- Odisha has topped the ranking followed by Chandigarh, Telangana, Gujarat and Karnataka in the implementation of the scheme.
6. CM Shivraj Singh Chauhan has launched Jeevan Shakti Yojana in Madhya Pradesh.
- Under this scheme, women in urban areas can earn by making masks at home. The government will pay them Rs 11 per mask.
- The women wishing to make masks will have to register themselves by calling on the Call Centre number through their telephone or mobile. After registration, they will get an order to make masks on their mobiles. They will get orders to make at least 200 masks at a time.
- The mask should be made of cotton cloth.
7. The ‘Poshan Sarkar’ programme is being started to ensure participation and leadership of local bodies-Gram Panchayats and Urban Bodies in Madhya Pradesh
- The main objective of the Poshan Sarkar programme is to eliminate malnutrition by helping the Gram Panchayat and the Urban Bodies in the nutrition campaign.
8. Smart Ration Card Scheme
- Punjab Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh launched the Smart Ration Card Scheme to cover 1.41 crore beneficiaries across the state.
- Besides, he also announced a separate state-funded scheme to provide subsidized rations to the nine lakh beneficiaries not covered under the National Food Security Act.
- The total number of beneficiaries in the state will go up to 1.50 crore.
- The Chief Minister stated, the scheme would help to curb corruption and give freedom to the beneficiaries to buy entitled ration quota from any depot in the state.
9. Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar launched ‘Parivar Pehchan Patra’.
- The ‘Parivar Pehchan Patra’ is a unique e-governance initiative that will enable the citizens to get the benefit of various central and state government schemes.
- The Mukhya Mantri Parivar Samridhi Yojana and three pension schemes old age — Samman Allowance Scheme, Divyang Jan Pension Scheme and Widow and Destitute Women Pension Scheme — have been integrated with the ‘Parivar Pehchan Patra.
- The state government has decided to celebrate the year 2020 as Susashan Sanakap Varsh
10. The YSR Cheyutha Scheme is to be launched in Andhra Pradesh on August 12, 2020.
- It aims to empower women from minority castes. The State Government has allocated Rs 4,500 crores to implement the scheme.
- The scheme will provide financial benefit of Rs 75,000 to those women who come under the age of 45 to 60 years. It aims at pension beneficiaries.
- The amount of Rs 75,000 is to be distributed in four equal installments of Rs 18,750 each per year. The amounts are to be transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries
11. Chhattisgarh Chief Minister, Bhupesh Baghel has launched a social security scheme “Shaheed Mahendra Karma Tendupatta Sangrahak Samajik Suraksha Yojana” for tendu leave collectors in the state.
- Tendu leaves, used for making bidis (leaf-wrapped cigarettes), are collected by forest dwellers.
- It is purchased by the state government.
- The scheme, named after slain Congress leader Mahendra Karma, was inaugurated on the occasion of his birth anniversary.
- Karma, who was popularly known as Bastar tiger for his tough stand against Naxals, was among 29 people, including senior Congress leaders, who were killed in a Naxal attack in Jhiram valley of Bastar district on May 25, 2013.
12. The government has launched a 20,000 crore rupees Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana for the development of marine and inland fisheries.
- Of this, 11,000 crore rupees will be earmarked for activities in marine, inland fisheries and aquaculture while 9,000 crore rupees for infrastructure creation such as fishing harbours, cold chain and markets.
- This will provide employment to over 55 lakh persons and double exports to one lakh crore rupees.
13. The state government of Chhattisgarh has launched its ambitious ‘Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana’ on May 21, 2020 (death anniversary of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi) to encourage crop production in the state and to give the farmers the right price for their produce.
- It was initiated by the interim president of the Congress, Sonia Gandhi and Chief Minister (CM) Bhupesh Baghel through video conferencing.
- Under this scheme, an amount of Rs 5700 crore will be transferred directly to their accounts in four installments to 19 lakh farmers of the state.
- Farmers will be giving a maximum amount of Rs. 10, 000 per acre on the basis of the quantity acquired through cooperative society to farmers who cultivate paddy and maize from Kharif 2019.
- About 18 lakhs farmers will be provided Rs 1500 crore as first installment for paddy crop.
14. The Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY) pension scheme has now been extended till March 31, 2023.
- This scheme was open till March 31, 2020.
- The cabinet has approved this to enable old age income security and welfare of Senior Citizens.
- Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana is a scheme offered by Life insurance Corporation (LIC) of India
- It gives a guaranteed payout of pension at a specified rate for 10 years. It also offers a death benefit in the form of return of purchase price to the nominee.
15. The West Bengal Government has launched ‘Matir Smristi’ scheme to utilise 50,000 acres of barren land in 6 districts for income-generating activities like horticulture and pisciculture involving the locals.
- The scheme will benefit around 2.5 lakh people in rural Bengal.
- There is at least 50,000 acre of barren land in Bankura, Birbhum, Purulia, Jhargram, West Burdwan and West Midnapore districts, which cannot produce anything naturally nor can the farmers cultivate on the strip.
- West Bengal CM also mentioned that the work has been initiated in 6,500 acres of land at the micro level and this is an environment-friendly scheme.
16. Goa’s Harmal Chillies, Moira bananas & Khaje have got Geographical Indications(GI) tag from the Geographical Indications Registry.
- Harmal Chillies are grown only in Harmal village and adjacent areas of Pernem taluka- specifically in the coastal village of Arambol.
- Moira bananas are unique bananas grown in Moira village of Bardez taluka & Bicholim Taluka.
- Khaje, the traditional state sweet is an integral part of the Hindu jatras and Catholic feasts held in the state.
17. Narendra Modi has become the fourth-longest serving Prime Minister of India surpassing Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- Narendra Modi has not only become the longest-serving non-Congress Prime Minister of India but he also has the longest tenure as head of an elected government, which includes his term of more than 12 years as Gujarat chief minister, among all PMs.
- Narendra Modi has become the longest-serving head of the elected government among all PMs in India when he completed 6,878 days in office — 4,607 days as chief minister of Gujarat and 2,271 days as PM of India.
18. The Hemant Soren government in Jharkhand unveiled the new State logo at Ranchi on the eve of 74th Independence Day.
- The logo was launched in the presence of Jharkhand Governor Draupadi Murmu, Chief Minister Mr. Soren, Speaker Rabindra Nath Mahto and Rajya Sabha member Sibu Soren
- The new emblem has the Ashoka emblem enclosed within concentric circles, state tribal dance celebration motifs, the Palash flower also known as the flame of the forest and elephants.
- The verdant green colour in the emblem symbolises the greenery of the state blessed with natural beauty and resources.
- Elephants symbolise the state's grand past, strength, collective wisdom and resolve to move forward while the Palash flower also reflects the state's natural beauty. The blooming of the flower also indicates arrival of the spring season -- a harbinger of prosperity.
19. The Agriculture Department of Jammu and Kashmir has set up an e-auction portal to enhance trading of GI-tagged ‘Kashmir Saffron’.
- The portal has been launched with the primary objective of assuring buyers to have access to quality ‘Kashmir Saffron’.
- The Department, under the aegis of India International Kashmir Saffron Trading Centre has established the portal in partnership with NSE-IT.
20. Tamil Nadu topped the list in availing loans to women under MUDRA scheme. It was followed by West Bengal and Karnataka.
- According to the data produced by the Ministry of Finance, around 15 crore loans amounting to Rs 4.78 lakh crores were disbursed to women borrowers since the inception of Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana.
- As of March 31, 2020. Tamil Nadu had availed Rs 58,227 crores.
- The loans were availed to activities allied to agriculture, services, trading, processing, manufacturing, etc.
- It was launched in 2015 to provide loans to non-corporate, small and micro enterprises. Under the scheme, loans up to Rs 10 lakhs are provided.
21. The State Minister of Assam will inaugurate India’s longest ropeway across river Brahmaputra.
- The ropeway is to cut short the travel time by almost an hour. It is 2 km long and the distance is covered in 7 minutes. One-way ride is to cost Rs 60.
- The ropeway has been built at a cost of Rs 56 crores.
- The construction was initiated in 2006 as a part of beautifying Brahmaputra.
- The ropeway journey is to provide a view of Neelachal hills (where Kamakhya temple is located).
- The first Tourism policy in Assam was announced in 2008. It aims to make Assam a tourist hub in North East India.
22. Uttar Pradesh government has signed a ‘plan of cooperation’ with the Israel government to resolve the water crisis in Bundelkhand region.
- The partnership between the two governments seeks to address the water crisis in drought hit regions of Bundelkhand.
- It will support regional farmers with latest farming technologies such as drip irrigation, meant for water deficient regions like Bundelkhand.
- The project will address the water scarcity in Bundelkhand and its adjoining regions, and will become a role model for groundwater management, irrigation and potable water management for the rest of the country.
23. The tertiary processing centres of “Trifood Project” of TRIFED, Ministry of Tribal Affairs has been virtually launched by Arjun Munda.
- The Trifood project has been launched in Raigad, Maharashtra and Jagdalpur, Chhattisgarh. This project is expected to help in encouraging tribal entrepreneurship.
- TRIFOOD aims to enhance the income of tribals through better utilization of and value addition to the MFPs collected by the tribal forest gatherers.
24. The 11-day Nanda Devi Lokajat yatra is celebrated in Uttarakhand.
- Devotees from Chamoli district carried the 'doli' (palanquin) of Goddess Nanda Devi on their journey to Chota Kailash during the 11-day Nanda Devi Lokajat yatra.
- During this yatra, Goddess Nanda Devi would be taken from Siddhpeeth Nanda Devi Mandir to Chota Kailash.
- Amid the COVID-19 outbreak, the yatra began from Kurud on August 14.
25. The National Recruitment Agency will conduct a Common Eligibility Test to screen and shortlist candidates for the Group B and C (non-technical) posts.
- The NRA will have representatives from the Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Finance, SSC, RRB and IBPS.
- The CET score of the candidate shall be valid for a period of three years from the date of declaration of the result.
- The best of the valid scores shall be deemed to be the current score of the candidate.
- There shall be no restriction on the number of attempts to be taken by a candidate to appear in the CET subject to the upper age limit.
- Government has sanctioned a sum of 1517.57 crore rupees for the National Recruitment Agency.
- National Recruitment Agency will ensure transparency and ease in the recruitment process, both for the candidate and the recruiting organisation.
- CET scores can be shared with Central and State Governments, PSUs, private sector thus reducing recruitment costs of these organisations.
26. Indore is India's cleanest city for the fourth time in a row as per the 'Swachh Survekshan 2020 results announced by Union Minister Hardeep Singh Puri at the Swachh Mahotsav being organised by the Ministry of Housing and Urban affairs (MoUHA).
- This is the fifth edition of the annual cleanliness survey of the country.
- Surat, the bustling industrial town of Gujarat emerged as India’s second cleanest city. Navi Mumbai won the award for the country's third cleanest city.
- Swachh Survekshan was started by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2016.
- While Mysuru won the award for the cleanest city of India in 2016, Indore retained the top spot for three consecutive years in 2017, 2018 and 2019.
27. Indian Railways is constructing the world’s tallest pier bridge in Manipur.
- The bridge which is being constructed across river Ijai near Noney is an
- engineering marvel because the tallest pier height will be 141 meter.
- It will surpass the existing record of 139 meter of Mala - Rijeka viaduct, Montenegro in Europe.
- The Manipur bridge is about 65 km west of Imphal.
- The total estimated cost of the bridge is 280 crore rupees, and it will be completed by March 2022.
- The bridge is a part of Jiribam-Tupul-Imphal new BG line project. The total length of the bridge will be 703 meter.
- The piers of the bridge are constructed using hydraulic augers, the tall piers needed specially designed “slip-form technique" to ensure efficient and continual construction.
28. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the Prime Minister of Mauritius Pravind Jugnauth jointly inaugurated the new Supreme Court building of Mauritius on July 30, 2020.
- The building has been constructed with Indian grant assistance and will be the first India assisted infrastructure project within the capital city of Port Louis.
- The new Supreme Court building project is one of the five projects being implemented under the ‘Special Economic Package’ of USD 353 million extended by the Government of India to Mauritius in 2016.
- In October 2019, Prime Minister Modi and the PM of Mauritius had jointly inaugurated the Phase -I of the Metro Express Project and the new ENT Hospital project in Mauritius, also built under the special economic package.
29. Mumbai’s historic Bombay Flying Club from where the father of Indian aviation J R D Tata received India’s first pilot licence in February 1929 has become the country’s first DGCA-approved drone training school.
- The aviation ministry and DGCA have given a conditional approval for the same.
- The conditions include getting all required security clearances from various agencies like home and defence ministries, local authorities and Airports Authority of India.
- The 1928-founded Bombay Flying Club has played a critical role in evolution of Indian aviation.
- J R D Tata was the first to obtain a pilot licence in February 1929.
30. The High Commissioner of India to Bangladesh inaugurated the reconstructed Sree Sree Joykali Matar temple at Natore in Bangladesh.
- The Sree Sree JoyKali Matar temple is among the oldest temples in Bangladesh.
- It was built approximately 300 years back in the early 18th century by Shri Dayaram Roy. He was an influential Dewan of Queen Bhahani of Natore and the founder of Dighapatia Royal Family.
- The Government of India provided a grant assistance of Taka 97 lakh for the reconstruction of the historic temple under its High Impact Community Development Project (HICDP) scheme.