HCS Topic Wise Current Affairs 2020: National Affairs-I
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HCS Topic Wise Current Affairs 2020: National Affairs-I

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HCS Last One Year Topic Wise Current Affairs: National Affairs Part-I

Haryana Civil Services Exam

CURRENT AFFAIRS YEARLY 2020

Last one-year Current Affairs For HCS Exam: National Affairs Part-I

1. The Ministry Of Shipping will be renamed to the Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways

  • He was speaking at the inauguration of the RoPax ferry service between Hazira in Surat and Ghogha in Bhavnagar district, Gujarat.
  • He credited his government for realizing the potential of sea routes and resources in the country and emphasizing on “vocal for local” as the mantra for celebrating Diwali with local products.

2. Jammu and Kashmir Lt Governor Manoj Sinha has launched a youth livelihood program 'Mumkin' by distributing subsidized small commercial vehicles among young beneficiaries across the Union Territory.

  • The Union Territory administration in partnership with Ashok Leyland has moved towards achieving the vision of the prime minister to provide sustainable livelihood to youth under the 'Mumkin' scheme for the transport sector.
  • These mini-commercial vehicles will enable our youth between the age of 22 to 35 years to contribute to the growth of the Union Territory.

3. India has emerged as having the highest bribery rate of 39% in the Asian region. 

  • It also has the highest rate of people (46%) who used personal connections to access public services, according to a recent survey report released by Transparency International. 
  • Cambodia had the second-highest bribery rate of 37%, followed by Indonesia at 30%. 
  • The Maldives and Japan maintained the lowest overall bribery rate (2% each).

4. The UP Cabinet has cleared an Unlawful Religious Conversion Prohibition Ordinance, 2020

  • The new law will put the onus on the defendant to prove that conversion was not for marriage. 
  • The jail sentence for the offense would be 3-10 years if the woman is from the SC/ST community or is seen as part of mass conversion.
  • The notice period to the district magistrate for the religious conversion has been doubled to two months from a month in an earlier draft.

5. Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot e-launched a ‘National Portal for Transgender Persons’ and e-inaugurated a ‘Garima Greh: A Shelter Home for Transgender Persons’ in Vadodara, Gujarat 

  • The National Portal for Transgender Persons has been developed within 2 months of Notification of Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Rules, 2020 on 29 September 2020.
  • This highly useful Portal would help a transgender person in applying for a Certificate and Identity card digitally from anywhere in the country. 
  • ‘Garima Greh: A Shelter Home for Transgender Persons’ will be run in association with Lakshya Trust, a Community based organization entirely run by the Transgenders.
  • The purpose of the Shelter Home is to provide shelter to Transgender persons, with basic amenities like shelter, food, medical care, and recreational facilities.
  • The Nodal Ministry has taken the first step in improving the conditions of Transgender persons and has identified 10 cities to set up the 13 Shelter Homes.

6. The First Committee of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted two India-sponsored resolutions on nuclear disarmament 

  • These two resolutions are:
    • Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons
    • Reducing Nuclear Danger under the Nuclear weapons cluster
  • These resolutions aim at reducing the risk of nuclear accidents and prohibiting the use of nuclear weapons.
  • India had tabled the resolution on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons since 1982.

7. The tenth edition of the prestigious National science film festival has been organized in a virtual mode. 

  • This year it is being jointly organized by Vigyan Prasar and the Tripura State Council of Science and Technology.
  • Deputy Chief Minister of Tripura Jishnu Dev Verma has inaugurated the festival.
  • Vigyan Prasar, an autonomous agency under the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, has been organizing the four-day-long festival as a part of its science popularization endeavor.
  • It offers a unique platform to showcase the science films made by professionals, amateur, and student filmmakers under various themes.
  • A total of 115 shortlisted films selected by the ten-member jury will be screened during the festival.

8. Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar has unveiled Sahakar Pragya for primary cooperative societies in rural areas.

  • The 45 new training modules of Sahakar Pragya of the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) will impart training to primary cooperative societies in rural areas of the country.
  • Sahakar Pragya embodies enhancing NCDC’s training capacity by 18fold through an elaborate network of 18 Regional Training Centres across the country by the dedicated, Laxmanrao Inamdar National Academy for Cooperative Research and Development (LINAC) set up and fully funded by NCDC.

9. The Kerala government has decided to put on hold an ordinance that seeks to make abusive or defamatory content punishable with imprisonment up to 3 years.

  • Kerala Government has introduced Section 118A in the Kerala Police Act, to penalise ‘offensive,’ ‘abusive,’ and ‘threatening’ social media posts.
  • This has been introduced through the ordinance route.
  • According to the new law: Whoever makes an attempt to threaten, abuse, humiliating, or defame a person through any kind of mode of communication, can face three years in jail and a fine of Rs 10,000 for any social media post that is considered “offensive” or “defamatory”.

10. New District (31st District) of Karnataka- Vijayanagara

  • The Karnataka cabinet gave in-principle approval for the creation of Vijayanagara as the state's 31st district, carving it out from the mine-rich Ballari.
  • It was an aspiration to have a separate district that included the then capital of a Hindu empire (Vijayanagara empire) Hampi.
  • The demand for Vijayanagara district is a long-standing one, as the place has a lot of history

11. The Madhya Pradesh government, led by Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, has decided to set up a ‘Gau Cabinet’ for the protection, conservation, and promotion of cows in the state.

  • The Cabinet will comprise the departments of animal husbandry, forests, panchayat and rural development, revenue, home, and farmers welfare.
  • The first meeting of the Cabinet will be held at 12 pm on ‘Gopashtami’ on November 22 at the Cow Sanctuary in Agar-Malwa district named ‘Kamdhenu Gau Abhyaranya 
  • It is India’s first cow sanctuary which was set up by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led Madhya Pradesh government in September 2017. 

12. Lonar lake and  Keetham lake have been added to the list of recognized sites under the Ramsar Convention

  • India has 41 wetlands, the highest in South Asia, with two more added to the list of recognized sites of international importance under the treaty of the Ramsar Convention.
  • They are Lonar lake in Maharashtra which is the only crater lake of the country while the other is Sur Sarovar, also known as Keetham lake in Agra of Uttar Pradesh
  • Wetlands are the world's natural water filters and one of the most productive ecosystems on the planet. 
  • The Ramsar Convention signed on 2nd February 1971, is one of the oldest inter-governmental accord signed by member countries to preserve the ecological character of their wetlands of international importance.

13. Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and Sirius, Russia have launched ‘AIM-Sirius Innovation Programme for Indian and Russian school children.

  • NITI Aayog in a statement said the AIM-Sirius program seeks to develop technological solutions for the two countries.
  • Over a two-week program, from the 7th to the 21st of  November, 48 students and 16 educators and mentors will create 8 virtual products and mobile applications addressing global challenges across a range of areas like applied cognitive science, health and well-being,  and artificial intelligence.

14. Roshini Act- The Jammu and Kashmir government has decided to annul all land dealing under the Roshni Act, three weeks after the Jammu and Kashmir high court declared it unconstitutional and unsustainable.

  • The principal secretary, revenue, was asked to retrieve all such land and remove encroachments within six months.
  • The Jammu and Kashmir State Lands (Vesting of Ownership to the Occupants) Act was enacted in 2001 with the twin objective of generating resources for financing power projects and conferment of proprietary rights to the occupants of the state land. 
  • The scheme initially envisaged conferment of proprietary rights of about 20.55 lakh kanals to the occupants of which only 15.85% land was approved for vesting of ownership rights. Against the anticipated revenue from such occupants, the revenue actually generated was meagre. 

15. National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) has launched a digital learning platform called the Future Skills Prime to encourage remote and self-paced learning. 

  • The platform has been launched under a joint partnership between the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India, NASSCOM, and the IT industry.
  • It will offer subsidised access to certified courses in 10 identified emerging technologies.
  • Offered courses will include Artificial Intelligence, Internet of things, Big Data Analytics, Robotic Process Automation, Additive Manufacturing/3D Printing, Cloud Computing, Social & Mobile, Cyber Security, Augmented/Virtual Reality, and Blockchain. The digital learning platform is aimed at aspirants from tier-II and tier-III cities.

16. “Awaas Diwas” celebration

  • On the occasion of the “Awaas Diwas” celebration, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar, Minister of Rural Development interacted with Rural Development Ministers and officials of the States/ Union Territories through the Video Conference.
  • The Rural Housing Scheme, Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY-G) was launched by the  Prime Minister of India on 20th November 2016 at Agra, Uttar Pradesh. 
  • To commemorate the launch of PMAY-G, which aims to provide “Housing for All” by 2022, it was decided to celebrate 20th November every year as “Awaas Diwas”.
  • This year, the States/ UTs have been requested to celebrate Awaas Diwas on 20th November 2020 and Awaas Week / Saptah (16th November 2020 to 22nd November 2020) and undertake various activities at different levels of the administration.
  • Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray has launched a new rural housing project named "Maha Awas Yojana," under which 8.82 lakh rural houses will be built in 100 days. 
  • Maharashtra's Rural Development department will undertake this project, which will include toilets and other necessary amenities.

17. India’s premium Cotton would be known as ‘Kasturi Cotton’ in the world cotton trade.

The Indian Cotton has been endowed with a Brand & Logo on World Cotton day 

  • It is celebrated on 7 October as a global celebration of cotton and its stakeholders, from field to fabric and beyond.
  • World Cotton Day also aims to highlight the challenges faced by the world’s cotton economies, as cotton is significant for the least developed, developing, and developed economies worldwide. This is the second edition. 
  • The Kasturi Cotton brand will represent Whiteness, Brightness, Softness, Purity, Luster, Uniqueness, and Indianness. 
  • The first-ever World Cotton Day (WCD) was hosted by the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Geneva on October 7, 2019.

18. India has been designated the ‘Vice-Chair’ of Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) Working Group of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), recognizing the contribution of the Indian GLP program.

  • Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) is a quality system, which has been evolved by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to ensure that safety data generated on various chemicals like industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals (Human and Veterinary), agrochemicals, cosmetic products, food/ feed additives, and medical devices, etc., can be relied upon by regulatory authorities.
  • The Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, established the National GLP Compliance Monitoring Authority (NGCMA) with the approval of the Union Cabinet on April 24, 2002.
  • NGCMA is the National body which grants GLP certification to test facilities (TFs) conducting safety studies on new chemicals of the above-mentioned categories in accordance with OECD Principles of GLP and OECD Council norms.

19. Union minister Jitendra Singh has announced that the government has abolished the interview for recruitment in government jobs in 23 states and 8 union territories.

  • In 2015 Prime Minister had announced while delivering the speech from Red Fort in New Delhi on August 15.
  • This is being done in continuation to the plan of the abolition of interviews for Group-B (non-gazetted) and Group-C posts in the Central government.
  • This plan has been in mission mode since 2016.
  • The entire process is being done by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT).
  • Maharashtra and Gujarat are some states that quickly implemented this rule while there are some states that were reluctant to abolish the conduct of interview for jobs.
  • However, after reminding repeatedly to State governments, practice of conducting interviews has been discontinued in all the 8 Union Territories, including Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh. 
  • Further, 23 out of 28 states have also abolished the system.

20. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will release a commemorative coin of Rs 75 denomination in order to mark the long-standing relation of India with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on the occasion of the 75th Anniversary of FAO on October 16, 2020. 

  • He would also be dedicating recently developed 17 biofortified varieties of 8 crops.
  • The event will mark the highest priority given by the government to agriculture and nutrition.
  • It also resolves to completely eliminate hunger, undernourishment, and malnutrition.
  • It will be attended by Anganwadis, Krishi Vigyan Kendras, Organic, and Horticulture Missions across the country.   

21. Kerala became the first Indian state to fix the Minimum Support Price for sixteen agriculture items.

  • It consists of vegetables, fruits, and tubers. The scheme is to support farmers and increase the agriculture sector.
  • Sixteen different varieties of vegetables will be covered in the first phase.
  • There is also a condition to revise the MSP price on a regular basis.
  • The Base Price will be 20% more than the production cost of vegetables. 
  • It will function in the same way as the MSP system.
  • Local self-government bodies will correlate the procurement and circulation of vegetables.
  • The crops will be procured from Farmers through Vegetable and Fruits Promotion Council Keralam and Horticorp.
  •  All yields procured under the scheme will be sold under the brand name “Jeevani Kerala Farm Fresh Fruits and Vegetables”.

22. NITI Aayog’s AIM (Atal Innovation Mission) will organize the India–Australia Circular Economy (I-ACE) Hackathon with Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO).

  • I-ACE Hackathon will be a two-day event on 7 and 8 December. The idea to organize I-ACE came up during a virtual summit on 4 June between Indian and Australian Prime Ministers ( Modi & Scott John Morrison).
  • I-ACE Hackathon will focus on innovative technology solutions by Indian and Australian students, startups, and MSMEs.
  • I-ACE Hackathon has four key themes. Two winners (one student and one startup/MSME) for each theme will be selected from each country.
  • The award ceremony will be held on 11 December and the winner student and startup/MSME from India will get Rs 2 lakh and Rs 5 lakh, respectively.

23. Chief Minister of Manipur Shri N Biren Singh inaugurated two water supply projects for two villages under Jal Jeevan Mission.

  • The two villages on the Indo Myanmar border are remote and are now getting regular water supply under Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • Khangbarol village of Khengjoy subdivision, Chandel, an aspirational district in Manipur is situated 69 km away from district headquarter. 
  • The Village lies about 30 km from the Indo Myanmar border. There are 82 households in the village. 
  • The water supply system has been designed keeping in mind the projected population of about 1,000 till 2041.

24. Himachal Pradesh's Mandi district has bagged top position among 30 districts of the country in the successful implementation of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY).

  • Himachal Pradesh has also secured the second position at the national level for the construction of roads under PMGSY. Union Ministry of Rural Development has declared the list of top-performing 30 districts in the country for implementing the PMGSY programme.
  • Mandi district has received top position for constructing roads under PMGSY of maximum length in 2020-21. 

25. The Central Government recently amended the Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act, 1989.

  • The amendment shall facilitate the setting up of District Development Councils (DDC).
  • The members will be directly elected by voters in J&K.
  • The DDCs will act as a new unit of governance in J&K. 
  • This structure will include a DDC and a District Planning Committee (DPC).
  • J&K Panchayati Raj Rules, 1996, have also been amended to establish DDCs.
  • This system shall replace the District Planning and Development Boards in all districts.
  • It will also prepare and approve district plans and capital expenditure.
  • The term of the DDC will be five years.