HCS One Year Topic Wise Current Affairs 2020:National Affairs-VII
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HCS Last One Year Topic Wise Current Affairs: National Affairs Part-VII
Haryana Civil Services Exam
CURRENT AFFAIRS YEARLY 2020
Last one-year Current Affairs For HCS Exam: National Affairs Part-VII
1. Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) has signed MoU with Amazon to e-market products made by self-help groups in India.
- The MoU has been signed as a part of the Women’s Day celebration. Every year March 8 is celebrated as International Women’s Day. The women entrepreneurs in the E-Commerce platform have been growing substantially. The MoU will help to empower these women entrepreneurs.
- The Mission has also undertaken similar collaboration with Flipkart recently. These collaborations are part of the key initiatives for the 2nd edition of Shehri Samridhi Utsav to be organised from March 28 to April 12, 2020.
- DAY-NULM is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs to reduce poverty and vulnerability of the urban poor households by enabling them to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities.
2. In Madhya Pradesh, senior BJP leader Shivraj Singh Chauhan has become Chief Minister of the state for the fourth time.
- Governor Lalji Tandon administered him the oath of office and secrecy at a simple ceremony held at Raj Bhavan, a short while ago.
- Mr Shivraj Singh took oath alone due to the outbreak of Coronavirus.
- Earlier, Mr Chauhan was unanimously elected as the BJP Leader of the Legislative Party in a special meeting held this evening. Mr Gopal Bhargava proposed the name of Mr Chauhan and was approved by several members.
3. In Tamil Nadu, a new district is going to be formed after bifurcating the Nagappattinam district.
- The new district will be headquartered at Mayiladuthurai, in the heart of the Delta region.
- It would be the 38th district in the state
- The district is created for administrative reasons and to speed up the welfare measures to the public.
4. Finance Minister announced Rs 1.70 Lakh Crore relief package under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY) for the poor in view of coronavirus lockdown
- Insurance cover worth Rs 50 lakh per person for sanitation workers, ASHA workers, doctors, nurses and paramedics who are on the frontlines of the coronavirus battle
- 80 crore poor people will get 5 kg wheat or rice and 1 kg of preferred pulses for free every month for the next three months.
- Women Jan Dhan account holders to get Rs 500 per month for next three months
- For the beneficiaries of Women Ujjwala Scheme, free cylinders will be given to 8.3 crore BPL families for three months.
- MNREGA wage increased to Rs 202 a day from Rs 182
- For old age pensioners and widows, an additional ex-gratia amount of Rs 1,000 for the next three months available in two instalments
- Under the Deen Dayal National Livelihood Mission, women self-help groups (SHGs) will be provided collateral-free loans up to Rs 20 lakh from Rs 10 lakh earlie
- Government to front-load Rs 2,000 paid to farmers in first week of April under existing PM Kisan Yojana to benefit 8.7 crore farmers
5. India has volunteered to participate in the World Health Organization’s ongoing solidarity trial for developing vaccines for Covid-19.
- WHO with its partners is organizing a study called the solidarity trial in many countries in which some of the untested treatments are compared with each other.
- The study has been designed to generate the robust data needed to show which treatments are the most effective.
- India is soon likely to participate in the WHO solidarity trial for COVID-19.
- Among the drugs lined up for immediate testing are antiviral intravenous drug remdesivir, HIV combination lopinavir and ritonavir sold as Kaletra; and anti-malarial chloroquine, and a related drug, hydroxychloroquine.
- Many countries, including Argentina, Bahrain, Canada, France, Iran, Norway, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, and Thailand, have already confirmed that they will join the solidarity trial, according to WHO.
6. Pune based Mylab Discovery has become the first company in the country to receive approval for its coronavirus diagnostic test kits.
- Under the research and development chief, Minal Dakhave Bhosale, the coronavirus testing kit called Patho Detect, was developed in just six weeks.
- she submitted the kit to the National Institute of Virology (NIV) for evaluation on March 18th
- India's first coronavirus testing kit hit Indian markets in a bid to increase frequency of testing and to confirm or rule out the Covid-19 infection.
- Mylabs Discovery Solutions, which received statutory approvals from authorities, can manufacture over 15,000 testing kits per day from its facility in Pune district
- Each Mylab kit can test 100 samples and costs Rs 1,200, about a quarter of the Rs 4,500 that India pays to import testing kits from abroad.
7. Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has announced that Odisha is the 1st state to own a separate department for Self Help Groups named as ”Mission Shakti”.
- It is created for the development of women & is dedicated to all the women of Odisha.
- Mission Shakti and Mamata Scheme combinedly benefits 70 lakh women.
- 50% reservation in Panchayati Raj has created a new era for the socio-economic development of women.
8. Indian Institute of Management Bangalore launched the Mahatma Gandhi National Fellowship (MGNF) program in collaboration with the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, GoI, and State Skill Development Missions .
- IIMB undertook the program in support of the launch of Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for the Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) project.
- MGNF is a two-year academic program.
- It is a unique opportunity for young, dynamic individuals to enhance skill development and promote rural employment at the district level.
- The program aims to strengthen the district-level skill ecosystem for decentralized skill development governance.
9. The Maharashtra cabinet has approved a proposal to rename Mumbai Central station in the city as "Nana Shankarsheth Mumbai Central Railway Station".
- The proposal to rename the station would now be sent to the Railway Ministry.
- Jagannath "Nana" Shankarsheth (1803-1865) was a Maharashtrian philanthropist and educationist famous for his contribution to Mumbai's development.
- He is also considered as the 'father of the Indian railways'.
10. The third private train of the IRCTC would run between Indore and Varanasi.
- The overnight train would have the same rakes as those of the Humsafar Express.
- In the last few months, the IRCTC has started operating private trains on two routes - Delhi-Lucknow and Ahmedabad-Mumbai.
11. The Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Shri Edappadi K Palaniswami,on 30th January 2020, announced “Direct CTO (Consent To Operate) Scheme for Green Industries” to mark the 125th birth anniversary of CII. The scheme also helps to improve Ease of Doing Business.
- Mr Palaniswami also announced an initiative for land use reclassification in non-plan areas where the approval will be given within 50 days. Previously the approval was done between 6 months to 2 years.
- In order to commemorate its anniversary, the organization has been hosting several events in different parts of India under the theme: CII@125: Business and Beyond
12. Uttarakhand is going to take a big initiative in the direction of protection of snow leopards known as the pride of high Himalayan regions.
- The exercise to build India’s first ‘Snow Leopard Conservation Center’ in Gangotri National Park has accelerated under the project ‘Secure Himalaya’ of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
- The center will be built at the entry point of Gangotri National Park above 2800 meters sea level. However, no time limit has been set for the project. It will be built under central government scheme 'SECURE Himalaya'.
13. A ‘fruit train’, said to be the first of its kind in the country, was flagged off from Tadipatri Railway Station in Andhra Pradesh, carrying a load of 980 metric tonnes of locally grown bananas to the Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Mumbai, from where the consignment will be exported to Iran.
- “This is the first time in India that an entire train is being sent to the gateway port (JNPT) for export.
- This helps save both time and fuel as 150 trucks would have been required to send a consignment of this size by road to JNPT, which is over 900 km away, before the temperature-controlled containers are loaded on ships .
14. The IND-SAT exam will be conducted in African and Asian countries for foreign candidates who wish to study in India.
- The degrees can be taken online soon and will be offered by the top 100 National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranked institutes.
- Rs 99,300 crore has been allocated for the education sector and Rs 3,000 crore for skill development for FY21.
- 150 higher institutes will start apprentice training for ‘general category students’
- A ‘national police university’ and a ‘national forensic science university’ will be set up.
- The government has also proposed to attach medical colleges with district hospitals on the Public Private Partnership (PPP) model.
15. During the 2020 budget speech; the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has announced that 5 archaeological sites will soon be developed as iconic sites with on-site museums.
- The sites are — Rakhigarhi in Haryana, an Indus valley civilisation site, Hastinapur in Uttar Pradesh, which is believed to be the capital of the Kuru Kingdom, Sivasagar in Assam, a lake which was built by the Ahom king Siva Singha, Dholavira in Gujarat, where the ruins of the Indus valley civilisation were found and Adichanallur in Tamil Nadu.
- Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has also proposed the setting up of an Indian Institute of Heritage and Conservation under the Ministry of Culture.
16. DefExpo, a flagship biennial event of the Ministry of Defence, is being held for the first time in Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) from 5th to 9th February 2020.
- This is the 11th edition of DefExpo.The 10th edition of the event was held at Chennai (Tamil Nadu) in 2018.
- The main theme of the DefExpo India- 2020 is ‘India: The Emerging Defence Manufacturing Hub’ and the focus will be on ‘Digital Transformation of Defence’.
- DefExpo-2020 promises to bring new technologies, technological solutions, where defence manufacturing companies from India and abroad showcase their products and services in defence arena, on a single platform.
- The fifth India Russia Military Industry Conference will be held on the sidelines of the event.
17. Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K Palaniswami declared that eight districts in the State’s Cauvery delta region would be declared a “protected agricultural zone”.
- The protected zone will include Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam districts and delta regions of Trichy, Ariyalur, Cuddalore and Pudukkottai.
- The idea of a Protected Agricultural Zone is important to ensure the future of our food & ecological security leading to increased productivity in perpetuity
18. The Government of India has decided to rename National Institute of Financial Management (NIFM), Faridabad as Arun Jaitley National Institute of Financial Management (AJNIFM).
- NIFM, Faridabad was set up in 1993 as a registered society under Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, Government of India with the mandate to train officers of various Finance and Accounts Services recruited by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
- The Union Finance Minister is the President of the NIFM Society.
- Late Shri Arun Jaitley, former Union Finance Minister and Padma Vibhushan awardee, had played a stellar role during his illustrious career as the Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs during the period 26th May 2014 to 30th May 2019.
19. Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel has inaugurated Gaurela-Pendra-Marwahi as the 28th district of the state.
- The new district, carved out of Bilaspur, has three tehsils and three development blocks namely Gaurela, Pendra and Marwahi.
- It comprises 166 gram panchayats, 222 villages and two nagar panchayats, with an area of 1,68,225 hectares.
- The CM also inaugurated offices of the collector and superintendent of police in the new district, and approved Rs 18 crore for development works.
20. The central government has renamed Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), a government think tank, as Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses in order to "honour the commitment and legacy" of the late defence minister.
- Parrikar was defence minister from November 9, 2014 to March 14, 2017, died on March 17 last year in Panaji at Goa due to pancreatic cancer.
21. The Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra, a cultural centre reflecting India's connection with its diaspora, was renamed as Sushma Swaraj Bhavan in honour of the late external affairs minister known for her empathy in reaching out to distressed Indians globally.
- The Foreign Service Institute, a renowned institution where diplomats are trained, has also been renamed the Sushma Swaraj Institute of Foreign Service.
- The government's decision to name the two institutions after Swaraj came a day before her 68th birth anniversary.
- The illustrious leader who brought rare empathy and a human approach to India's diplomacy as external affairs minister in the previous Narendra Modi government died on August 6 last year following a massive cardiac arrest.
22. Centre has launched the School Health and Wellness Ambassador Initiative under Ayushman Bharat.
- 2 teachers in every govt. school will be identified as ‘health and wellness ambassadors
- This initiative is expected to strengthen the concept of preventive, promotional, and positive health, which forms the fundamental cornerstone of the Health & Wellness Centres of Ayushman Bharat scheme.
- This initiative will be effectively linked with other government initiatives such as the Fit India movement, Eat Right campaign, and Poshan Abhiyaan for an all-round, holistic development model of health for school children and other youth.
23. Four Railway Stations in Uttar Pradesh’s Prayagraj will now sport new names, a move aimed at reviving the identity of the ancient city.
- Allahabad Junction will now be Prayagraj Junction
- Allahabad City will now be known as Prayagraj Rambag
- Allahabad Chheoki has been changed to Prayagraj Chheoki
- Prayag Ghat has been changed to Prayagraj Sangam.
24. India's first private gold mine operation will begin in the last quarter of 2021 at Jonnagiri in Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh.
- The land acquisition for the mining project is expected to be completed in the next six months
- Geomysore company has acquired a mining lease for 1,500 acres in Jonnagiri.
- The company has started the land acquisition process for 350 acres. The processing plant will be set up in 10 months to start production.
- The company has agreed to pay Rs.10 lakh (will be paid upfront) plus Rs.2 lakh (will be paid in the first year of production as a bonus) for each acre to the farmers.
25. ‘Santusht’ - Implementation Monitoring Cell (IMC) has been constituted in the Office of Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Labour and Employment in January 2020.
- The objective of ‘Santusht’ is to promote transparency, accountability, effective delivery of public services and implementation of policies, schemes of Ministry of Labour and Employment at grassroot level through constant monitoring.
- This information was given by Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar Union Minister of State (I/C) for Labour and Employment.
26. The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) has launched the Vajra Platform to make payments fast and secure.
- Based on blockchain technology, the primary highlight of the Vajra Platform is that it automates clearing and settlement of payments, drastically reducing the need for manual reconciliation.
- The Vajra Platform uses distributed ledger technology (DLT).
- It uses a permissions model to ensure that only approved parties are a part of the network. Payment companies can apply to be a part of the network.
- Once approved, they can deploy the platform using an application programming interface (API) that will be provided by NPCI.
- DLT will help the payment processing industry with minimal reconciliation of transactions, higher resilience, and efficiencies through automation and transparency.
27. Swachh Survekshan 2020 is the 5th edition of the annual urban cleanliness survey conducted by the Ministry.
- Cleanest city: Indore for the fourth time in a row.
- Swachh Survekshan League 2020 is conducted in three quarters (April-June, July-September, and October-December) with the objective of sustaining the on-ground performance of cities along with monitoring when it comes to cleanliness.
- In the category of cities having population more than 10 lakh, Bhopal stood second in first quarter results (April to June), while Rajkot grabbed the second spot in second quarter results (July-September) of ‘Swachh Survekshan League 2020’.
- The third position was grabbed by Surat in the first quarter and Navi Mumbai in the second quarter.
28. The Ministry of Railways accorded Organised Group 'A' status to Railway Protection Force and renamed it Indian Railway Protection Force Service.
- The Organised Group 'A' status to RPF decision arising from Hon'ble Court's orders.
- The RPF will be known as the Indian Railway Protection Force Service. The notice in this regard was issued by the Joint Director of Railway Board Amitabh Joshi on December 30.