HCS Last Year Topic Wise Current Affairs 2020:National Affairs-VI
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HCS Last One Year Topic Wise Current Affairs: National Affairs Part-VI
Haryana Civil Services Exam
CURRENT AFFAIRS YEARLY 2020
Last one-year Current Affairs For HCS Exam: National Affairs Part-VI
1. The Assam government will cover every frontline journalist with a life insurance cover of Rs 50 lakh.
- As a mark of recognition to the selfless endeavor of the scribes, the State government has announced this insurance coverage.
- Chief Minister, Sarbananda Sonowal has tweeted, “Frontline journalists have been bravely covering #COVID19 against all odds, risking their lives and they are our real heroes”.
2. Gujarat State Government has launched a unique initiative called ‘Umbare Aanganwadi (means doorstep Aanganwadi) under ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) programme to reach out to children during the lockdown.
- Under this initiative, the state will offer ready to eat nutritious food packets through AMUL (an Indian dairy cooperative society) to children between 3-6 years of age
- The ICDS Department has launched a TV programme called Umbare Aanganwadi which is telecast every alternate day through the Vande Gujarat channel as well as Jio TV. The same is also telecast on YouTube.
3. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) chairperson Anita Karwal has been given the charge of secretary at the Department of School Education and Literacy.
- While the Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare has been given additional charge of Information and Broadcasting.
- The decision about the bureaucratic shuffle was announced by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 26th April 2020.
- Ms. Anita Karwal is a 1988-batch IAS officer from Gujarat cadre. She took over the reins of the Central Board of Secondary Education as chairperson from Mr. Rajesh Kumar Chaturvedi in 2017.
- Prior to CBSE, Ms. Karwal was posted as Additional Secretary in MHRD and has also served as the Chief Electoral Officer of Gujarat in 2014.
4. The State Government of Karnataka has launched the “Apthamitra” mobile application and helpline to fight COVID-19.
- The application was launched by the Chief Minister of the state BS Yediyurappa.
- The application aims at providing medical guidance and advice on COVID-19. When a person has symptoms of COVID-19, he or she can call the helpline number of “Apthamitra”. They will be advised by a team of medical experts based on the symptoms.
- The application is to work for 12 hours in the day, that is, between 8 AM to 8 PM. The helpline Centres are to be located at 6 places, 4 in Bengaluru, 1 in Mysore, and one in Mangalore.
5. Andhra Pradesh government has recently launched a mobile application NIGHA which aims at curbing the malpractices occurring during the election.
- The app is aimed at curbing the use of money and alcohol in the upcoming local body elections & launched in addition to the measures taken by State Election Commission & Police department in order to control the electoral malpractices.
- The app was developed by the Department of Panchayat Raj.
- Through the application, any person can file complaints about corruption or malpractices during the campaign in the upcoming civil polls.
6. PM Narendra Modi launched Swamitva Yojana, & e-Gram Swaraj web portal on Panchayati Raj Diwas (April 24, 2020) for accelerating the pace of development in India's villages.
- Swamitva Yojana will use drones in mapping properties in villages and will make it easier for villagers to avail loans from banks.
- The Swamitva scheme helps to map rural inhabited lands using drones and the latest survey methods. The scheme will ensure streamlined planning, revenue collection, and provide clarity over property rights in rural areas.
- This will open up avenues for applying for loans from financial institutions by the owners.
- The eGram Swaraj app will provide panchayats a single interface to complete development projects. The app will help in accelerating projects in villages from planning to completion.
7. Former IAS officer Kapil Dev Tripathi has been appointed as the Secretary to President Ram Nath Kovind.
- The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet approved the appointment of Mr. Tripathi as Secretary to the President on a contract basis, for a term co-terminus with the tenure of the President.
- Mr. Tripathi, a 1980 batch IAS officer (Retired) of Assam-Meghalaya cadre, is at present the Chairman of Public Enterprises Selection Board (PESB).
8. Uttar Pradesh has been reported to become the first state in the country to geotag all its community kitchens and community shelters across 75 districts of the state, so as to provide adequate information to the general public regarding the location of shelter homes and community kitchens amid lockdown.
- There are 7,368 community kitchens and community shelters across 75 districts in the state which produce 12 lakh food packets a day.
- The state government has tied up with Google to ‘Geo-map’ the locations of all these establishments on the Google Maps app for ease of beneficiaries.
- Anyone can access them by searching with the keyword ‘community kitchen’, on Google Maps, followed by the district’s name.
9. In India, five Delhi monuments are to be illuminated to celebrate World Heritage Day.
- These five monuments include Humayun’s Tomb, Qutub Minar, Safdarjung’s Tomb, Red Fort, and Purana Qila.
- These sites are to be illuminated by the Archaeological Survey of India.
- The ASI has decided to light candles and diyas to express solidarity to the ‘corona warriors’.
- ‘CORONA WARRIORS’ are sanitation workers, doctors, police officers, and the Civil Administration.
- April 18 is observed as World Heritage Day. The day is also celebrated as the International Day of Monuments and sites.
10. Jharkhand has launched the Mukhyamantri Didi Kitchen (MMDK) for providing free food to the most needy, differently-abled, children and identified the poorest of the poor households in the villages.
- The presence of the Self Help Group (SHG) network in every Gram Panchayat and the linkage with Local Self Governments were important factors in assigning the operation of community kitchens to them.
- At present about 4185 community kitchens are being run in as many numbers of Panchayats in the state.
11. The Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation Programme has announced a training programme for the health care professionals from SAARC countries.
- The programme is to be conducted by the Ministry of External Affairs.
- On March 15, 2020, PM Modi during the video conference with the SAARC leaders suggested for the health professionals to come together to fight against COVID-19 jointly.
- He also proposed creation of SAARC COVID-19 Emergency funds.
- The ITEC is the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation programme. The programme was established in 1964.
- The programme is completely funded by India. It offers training and also allows foreign students to continue their higher studies.
12. The Special Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit, on the COVID-19 Response, has been held in videoconferencing format, to affirm their commitment to combating the global pandemic.
- The virtual summit was chaired by the Vietnamese Prime Minister, Nguyen Xuan Phuc, which was attended by the heads of state or government of the 10 ASEAN members, namely Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam, and the ASEAN secretary-general.
- The virtual Special ASEAN, China, Japan, and South Korea (ASEAN Plus Three) Summit on COVID-19 Response will be held, touching upon measures to respond to and repel the global pandemic.
- ASEAN Secretary-General: Lim Jock Hoi Mon
- ASEAN Headquarters: Jakarta, Indonesia
13. Minister for Human Resource Development Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank has launched a web-portal YUKTI (Young India Combating COVID with Knowledge, Technology and Innovation) in New Delhi.
- The portal and dashboard will monitor and record the efforts and initiatives of the Ministry of HRD.
- It intends to cover different dimensions of COVID-19 challenges in a holistic and comprehensive way.
- The Minister informed that it will cover the various initiatives and efforts of the institutions in academics, research especially related to COVID, social initiatives, and measures taken for the betterment of the total well being of the students.
- The portal will cover both qualitative and quantitative parameters for effective delivery of services to the academic community at large.
- The portal will also allow various institutions to share their strategies for various challenges.
14. The Tripura government has invoked the Essential Services Maintenance Act (ESMA) after a few nurses at a state-run hospital here complained about shortage of masks and other protective equipment in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak.
- Tripura is the second state after Madhya Pradesh to have enforced the Act of 1986, which gives the police the right to arrest without a warrant anybody violating the ESMA's provisions.
- Services related to the public conservancy, banking, communication and transport, sanitation, water supply, hospitals, or defense-related are considered essential and come under the purview of the Act.
15. The Ministry of Human Resource Development has designated DigiLocker as the sole National Academic Depository (NAD). The ministry has directed the University Grants Commission (UGC) to implement NAD as a permanent scheme within DigiLocker.
- NAD will be implemented as a permanent scheme without the levy of any user charges by DigiLocker through the Ministry of Electronics and IT. UGC has also been asked to ensure the transfer of academic awards, creation of student accounts, and procedure of verification with DigiLocker.
- DigiLocker is primarily a cloud-based safe, which allows users to store electronic versions of important documents like Aadhaar card, birth certificates, voters ID cards, PAN cards, driving license, property documents and provides access to these on the go.
16. Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has been conferred with an award by animal rights body PETA India for allocating funds to feed community animals in Odisha during the lockdown over the novel coronavirus pandemic.
- It comes after the state government sanctioned Rs 54 lakh to feed stray animals in five municipal corporations and all 48 municipalities as they are struggling to find food during the lockdown.
- Recognizing his efforts, the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India announced the ''Hero to Animals Award'' for Patnaik. He received a framed certificate and a letter of appreciation.
- The government-sanctioned the amount after it was found that thousands of stray animals in Odisha were having a hard time finding food as markets, eateries and hotels were closed.
17. On April 1, 1950, India became the first non-Communist country in Asia to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China (PRC).
- This year marks the 70th anniversary of the bilateral diplomatic ties between China and India.
- The two countries together finalized 70 events to celebrate the event in line with the understanding reached by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping during their 2nd Informal Summit at Mamallapuram on October 11-12 last year.
- Due to the Coronavirus Pandemic, all the events have been canceled.
18. The Andhra Pradesh government will purchase the portable Multi-feed Oxygen Manifold (MOM), a novel contraption developed by naval personnel in Visakhapatnam, that would help meet any emergency requirement of oxygen supply to coronavirus patients.
- Initially, the Navy was offering a few MOMs to AP free-of-cost.
- Personnel of the Naval Dockyard Visakhapatnam (NDV) designed the innovative ‘Portable Multi-feed Oxygen Manifold’ (MOM) using a 6-way radial header fitted to a single cylinder.
19. Indian Railways has started the country’s first “Rail Restaurant” at Asansol Railway Station in West Bengal.
- It is named “Restaurant on Wheels”.
- According to the railway officials of the East Zone, the restaurant has been built by mixing two old Memu coaches.
- It will be open to both railway passengers and the general public.
20. The Union Minister of Steel has announced a workshop organized by the Confederation of Indian Industries that GoI is to make Odisha the steel hub of India.
- This is to be achieved by the Government with the help of Japan.
- Odisha has been selected to establish a steel hub due to its strategic location, availability of raw materials, and strong connectivity.
- The city of Kalinga Nagar is to be developed as the epicenter of Mission Purvodaya.
- With the implementation of the mission, more than 75% of steel is to come from eastern India with Odisha alone contributing more than 100 metric tonnes per annum.
- Mission Purvodaya is a mission that was launched in January 2020. It aims to develop Eastern India as an integrated steel hub. Under the mission, the GoI aims to generate employment opportunities and also increase the growth of the steel sector.
- This will also help achieve the target of the National Steel Policy, which is producing 300 MT of steel by 2030.
21. The total number of migratory fauna from India comes to 457 species. Birds comprise (380 species)
- The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) had for the first time compiled the list of migratory species of India under the CMS before the Conference of Parties (COP 13) held in Gujarat recently.
- It had put the number at 451. Six species were added later.
- They are the Asian elephant, great Indian bustard, Bengal florican, oceanic white-tip shark, urial, and smooth hammerhead shark.
22. Union Minister of Social Justice & Empowerment Thaawar Chand Gehlot inaugurated the "Entrepreneurship, Knowledge, Awareness, Marketing (EKAM) Fest".
- The fest is being held from 28 February to 6 March in New Delhi.
- The exhibition-cum-Fair was organized by National Handicapped Finance Development Corporation (NHFDC) under the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.
- EKAM Fest aims to promote entrepreneurship among the Divyangjan community and raise awareness about the potentialities of Persons with Disabilities (PwDs).
- The EKAM festival aims to provide a major marketing opportunity to PwDs entrepreneurs.
- ???????The move by NHFDC is to make efforts for the development of a brand and platform for the marketing of products of these determined entrepreneurs.
23. The government of India has nominated two places to include them in the World Heritage List 2020. These two places are – Dholavira and Forts and Monuments of Deccan Sultanate.
- Dholavira is an archaeological site in Gujarat. It has ruins of ancient Indus Valley Civilization.
- The city of Dholavira is estimated to be older than Lothal.
- It is located in the Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary, the largest wildlife sanctuary in the Indian region.
- The Deccan Sultanate had 5 major states. He ruled the area between the Vindhya Range and the Krishna River in the Deccan plateau.
- Their architecture was Indo-Islamic and greatly influenced by Mughal architecture. There are 4 major places that are addressed as Deccan Sultanate Monuments and Forts. They are
- Bidar Fort, Bijapur Monuments, Golconda Fort, Gulbarga fort
24. The celebration of Panchayati Raj Divas on 5th March is a land-mark in Odisha.
- This is the birthday of Biju Patnaik, the legendry former Chief Minister who revived Panchayati Raj in 1992.
- Panchayat Election was held after a long gap.
- Bijayananda Patnaik (Biju Patnaik) was a Freedom fighter, businessman, politician, and a two times Chief Minister of Odisha.
- He became chief minister of Odisha in 1961 at the age of 45. He is popularly called Sher-e-Utkal (Lion of Odisha).
25. The Jammu and Kashmir government has recently launched the “Student Health Card scheme” in Jammu.
- It was launched by Lt. Governor G.C. Murmu at a programme organized by the Directorate of Mid Day Meal, School Education Department in association with the National Health Mission at Teachers Bhavan Jammu.
- Student Health Card scheme: The scheme will ensure regular medical check-ups of school-going children.
- Under the health scheme, the Governor announced the launch of a midday meal for the poor and needy school-going children to prevent malnutrition.
- This would help keep a check on the issue of malnutrition among school-going children.
26. Former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and freedom fighter Amrit Kaur have been named by TIME magazine among the world's 100 powerful women who defined the last century in a new project that "spotlights influential women who were often overshadowed."
- TIME named Kaur as 'Women of the Year' for 1947 and Gandhi for 1976 in special covers recreated by the publication.
- The profile in TIME said that in 1976, Gandhi, "'Empress of India' had become India's great authoritarian."
- Kaur's profile said that the young princess returned to India in 1918 after studying at Oxford and soon became fascinated by Mahatma Gandhi's teachings.
- Her life's mission was to help India break free from its colonial ties and oppressive societal norms.
- She tackled social issues, pushing for women's education and the right to vote and to divorce, and speaking out against child marriage.
27. The Fourth Global Ayurveda Festival will be held at Kochi in Kerala from 16th to 20th May.
- A curtain raiser event was organized in New Delhi this evening for the GAF. The theme for the five-day event is Ayurveda Medical Tourism: Actualizing India's credibility.
- It will be the largest Ayurvedic event ever to be held anywhere across the world and will witness the largest gathering of experts, stakeholders, and business explorers from the field of Ayurveda.
- AYUSH was established in 2014.
- AYUSH Minister Shripad Naik said that his Ministry will hold the first International AYUSH Investment Summit in New Delhi this year and Prime Minister Narendra Modi will participate in the summit.
28. The Maharashtra Government has renamed Aurangabad Airport as Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj Airport.
- The decision was taken at a meeting of the state cabinet, chaired by Maharashtra Chief Minister (CM) Uddhav Bal Thackeray.
- The name of the airport has been renamed in order to honour Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj, who was the son of Maratha warrior king Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
- The airport is situated in the Chikalthana area of Aurangabad & the Municipal Corporation of Aurangabad had passed a resolution to rename the airport.
- Earlier, Mumbai airport has been named Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Airport while Kolhapur airport was renamed Chhatrapati Rajaram Maharaj.
29. Tripura capital Agartala and West Bengal's Ghojadanga have been designated by the government as authorized land immigration check posts to enter or exit India.
- Both Agartala and Ghojadanga are located along the Indo-Bangladesh border.
- Senior immigration officers, under the Bureau of Immigration, have also been appointed for Agartala and Ghojadanga with effect from March 2.
30. India was admitted to the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC: Commission de l'Océan Indien, COI) as an observer after it applied last month to be considered for observer status.
- The decision was taken at the meeting of the IOC Conference of ministers in Seychelles making India the fifth observer.
- The other four observers China, Malta, the European Union, and the International Organisation of La Francophonie (OIF).
- The five-member grouping is important given India’s plans to expand in The Western Indian Ocean (WIO) which strategically connects the Indian Ocean to the Southeastern coast of Africa and beyond.
- The member states are known to be erstwhile French colonies or partly British, partly French colonies.
- With France a member of IOC because of Reunion Islands, sources say they played a key role in ensuring India’s admission.