HCS HPSC Topic Wise Current Affairs 2020: Places In News
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HCS HPSC Topic Wise Current Affairs 2020: Places In News

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HCS Last One Year Topic Wise Current Affairs: Places In the News

Haryana Civil Services Exam

CURRENT AFFAIRS YEARLY 2020

Last one-year Current Affairs For HCS Exam: Places In the News

1. Union Environment Ministry has recently approved the construction of Rs 1,100 Crore Song Dam Drinking Water Project in Dehradun.

  • It is one of the most important projects of our government. 
  • The Central Water Commission has already approved the design of the Song Dam Drinking Water Project
  • This scheme will provide 24-hour drinking water to the city of Dehradun and will give a rebirth to River Rispana.
  • Originally built on the Song River, the dam is about 148 meters high and aims to generate power up to six megawatts.

2. Tristan da Cunha declared the largest fully protected marine reserves 

  • The isolated UK Overseas Territory of Tristan da Cunha, which is home to the world’s most remote human settlement, declared the largest fully protected marine reserves in the Atlantic Ocean at 687,000 square kilometers.
  • This will close over 90 percent of their waters to harmful activities such as bottom-trawling fishing, sand extraction, and deep-sea mining.
  • Tristan da Cunha is a remote group of volcanic islands in the south Atlantic Ocean.

3. Tristan da Cunha is a British Overseas Territory with its own constitution

  • The mountainous archipelago Tristan da Cunha is home to tens of millions of seabirds and several unique land birds

4. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has unveiled the ‘Statue of Peace’ in Rajasthan 

  • to mark the 151st Birth Anniversary celebrations of Jainacharya Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj, on 16th November 2020.
  • The 151-inch tall statue has been made from Ashtadhatu i.e. 8 metals, with Copper being the major constituent, and is being installed at Vijay Vallabh Sadhana Kendra, Jetpura, in Pali, Rajasthan.
  • Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj (1870-1954) led an austere life as a Jain Saint working selflessly and dedicatedly to spread the message of Lord Mahavira. 

5. India’s first organ donor memorial in Jaipur 

  • On the occasion of National Organ Donation Day, Rajasthan chief minister Ashok Gehlot inaugurated the country’s first organ donor memorial in Jaipur. Indian organ donation day is being observed on the 27th of November 2020 by the National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO), Government of India.
  • Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) had launched the 6th World and first-ever Indian Organ Donation Day and Organ Donation Congress in 2010 in New Delhi.
  • The organ donor memorial, built near SMS Hospital, is dedicated in honor of those who have given life to hundreds of others.

6. India’s first moss garden has been developed at Khurpatal in Nainital district Uttarakhand.

  • It was approved in July last year under the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) scheme by the Research Advisory Committee of Uttarakhand Forest Department.
  • The moss garden, the first in the country, was inaugurated by renowned water conservation activist Rajendra Singh.
  • The main aim behind developing the garden was to conserve the various species of moss and other bryophytes and to make people aware of its significance in the environment besides creating a recreation center for tourists

7. The Uttarakhand Chief Minister has inaugurated the Dobra-Chanthi suspension bridge in the Tehri-Garhwal district.

  • The 440-meter long Dobra Chanti bridge is India's longest motorable single lane suspension bridge.
  • Built over Tehri Lake, it will cut travel time between Tehri and Pratapnagar districts from 5 5 to 1.5 hours.
  • Tehri Dam is the highest dam in India and the fourth highest dam in the world.

8. Pakke Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Arunachal Pradesh has become the first in the eight-State northeast to provide insurance cover against Covid-19 for “green soldiers”. 

  • Eight-State northeast includes Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura.
  • 57 frontline staff (referred to as green soldiers) of the Park have been insured for nine months against health issues due to the infection by the Covid-19.
  • The forest guards are rightly the green soldiers in the frontline of India’s wildlife, and the onus of wildlife conservation pretty much falls on them
  • The Wildlife Trust of India (WTI), an NGO, paid the insurance amount with support from Foundation Serge.

9. All eight beaches recommended by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change have been awarded the prestigious Blue Flag certification in a single attempt. The beaches which got International Blue flag Certification are:

  • Shivrajpur beach - Gujarat
  • Ghoghla Beach - Diu
  • Kasarkod and Padubidri  - Karnataka
  • Kappad - Kerala
  • Rushikonda  - Andhra Pradesh
  • Golden Beach  - Odisha
  • Radhanagar beach  - Andaman and Nicobar Islands

10. An Indian Army war memorial called the Joginder War Memorial was inaugurated at Bum La, Arunachal Pradesh. It was inaugurated by Joginder Singh’s daughter.

  • He was awarded the Param Vir Chakra posthumously. 
  • He joined the British Indian army in 1936.
  •  He served in the first battalion of the Sikh regiment. 
  • During the 1962 Sino-Indian War, he was a commanding officer. He led his outnumbered Troops against the Chinese and defended his post till he was wounded and captured. 
  • He was honored with the Param Vir Chakra for his bravery in handling 50 Chinese men alone.

11. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated Atal Tunnel, Rohtang on  October 3. 

  • Atal tunnel is the world's longest highway tunnel above 10,000 ft.
  • This 9.02 km long tunnel connects Manali to Lahaul & Spiti Valley throughout the year.
  • Earlier, the valley was cut off for about six months each year owing to heavy snowfall.
  • The tunnel is built with ultra-modern specifications in the Pir Panjal range of Himalayas at an altitude of three thousand meters from the Mean Sea Level.
  • It reduces the road distance by 46 kilometers between Manali and Leh and the time by about four to five hours.

12. India’s first Sandalwood Museum is being established in Aranya Bhavan in Ashokapuram, Mysuru, Karnataka. 

  • The museum is set up by the Regional Forest Department to educate farmers about the significance of the cultivation of sandalwood. 
  • This will also provide technical support, information on the availability of saplings, marketing facilities, pest control measures, incentives, and schemes provided for sandalwood growers by the government.

13. UNESCO has included Panna Tiger Reserve in its ‘World Network of Biosphere Reserves’  the third in Madhya Pradesh after Pachmarhi and Amarkantak. For India, it is the twelfth entry. 

  • Unesco’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) program has included Panna in the Maldives in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves
  • Once home to 40 tigers, hunters and poachers took down all but two tigresses by 2009.
  • It brought its tiger population back from zero to 54 in ten years
  • The Panna ‘National Park’ was initially set up in 1981. It only received the status of a tiger reserve in the early 1990s under “Project Tiger.

14. Hudali village near Belagavi district in Karnataka is a living monument of the Gandhian way of life.

  • It has imbibed Gandhian Philosophy and continues to live in the Gandhian way.
  • Mahatma Gandhi had spent a few days in the village in 1937 and introduced charkha and Khadi.
  • Hudali village follows Gandhi and his ideals and has become a proponent of village industry.

15. The Union government has approved renaming the Hubballi railway station after Shree Siddharoodha Swamiji.

  • Ministry of Home Affairs has signified approval/no objection for the proposal forwarded by the Government of Karnataka to the proposed change of name. The government of Karnataka shall formally issue Gazette for the same and with effect from then, the name change will be done.
  • Karnataka’s Hubballi railway station will get the world’s longest railway platform with dimensions of 1,400 meters in length and 10 meters in width.
  • While the existing platform is 550-metres long, it will be extended to 1,400 meters in a year.

16. Indira Gandhi International airport is the first in the country to have a private jet terminal. 

  • It was launched by Union Minister of Civil Aviation Hardeep Singh Puri, the general aviation terminal can cater to up to 150 private jet movements a day. 
  • The newly developed apron is spread over an 8 lakh square feet area with 57 parking bays. 
  • The general aviation terminal has been built to support the movement and processing of passengers flying through chartered flights from IGI airport.
  • The project was planned in 2009.

17. India’s first Coast Guard Academy will be established at Mangalore, Karnataka.

  • Around 158 acres of Karnataka Industrial Area Development Board land has been taken over for setting up ICG Academy
  • The academy was initially supposed to be set up at Azhikkal in Kannur, Kerala, and in May 2011, the then defense minister A K Antony had even laid the foundation stone for the project. 
  • However, the ministry of environment and forest refused clearance to the project as it came with CRZ-1 (A) area where no construction is allowed. 

18. 1st Fully Digital Economy district of Tamil Nadu 

  • Virudhunagar district of Tamil Nadu has been selected by the Central Government as the state's first Fully Digital Economy district.
  • which houses a large number of small and medium enterprises, especially in the firecrackers and allied sectors, 
  •  All industrial units and commercial establishments in the district are at present implementing various forms of cashless transactions. 
  • These include widespread use of ATM debit cards, increased usage of internet banking, the widespread use of QR codes, etc.

19. The island of Niue has become the world’s first whole country recognized as a ‘Dark Sky Place. 

  • The International Dark-Sky Association (IDA) has approved the island’s application for the protection of its sky, land, and sea.
  • The title of ‘Dark Sky nation’ recognizes an area with exceptional quality of starry nights and a commitment to protecting the environment.
  • Niue is home to around 1,600 inhabitants and is one of the world’s smallest independent nations.

20. The Ministry of Home Affairs has approved the renaming of the Manduadih Railway Station in Uttar Pradesh (UP) as ‘Banaras’.

  • In 2019, Former Union Minister Manoj  Sinha had written to UP Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath requesting the change in name of the Manduadih Railway Station. 
  • Manduadih is a place in Varanasi situated about four kilometers from Varanasi Cantonment Station. 

21. Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh Shivraj Singh Chouhan has announced that the Gwalior Chambal Expressway will be named as Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee Chambal Progressway.

  • Chouhan also stated that a grand statue of Vajpayee will be set up in Bhopal.
  • The Gwalior Chambal Expressway is a 6 lane expressway connecting Madhya Pradesh with Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, through the ravines of the Chambal region.
  • The expressway will go parallel to the Chambal river via Shivpuri, Bhind, Morena to Kota.

22. The Lucknow Municipal Corporation named a road and a crossing in the city after former Madhya Pradesh Governor Lalji Tandon.

  • The Chauk Chauraha will now be known as Lalji Tandon Chauraha and the Lucknow-Hardoi Road will be known as Tandon Marg.
  • The former MP Governor Tandon had started his political career when he became a councilor in Lucknow.
  • Earlier, the Hazratganj Chauraha in Lucknow was renamed after former Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee after his death in 2018.

23. The Forest Department of Uttarakhand has developed India’s First Lichen Park in Munsyari, Pithoragarh district.

  • The park has been  inaugurated as a research center with over 150 Lichen species – Jurassic Era plant 
  • lichen needs absolutely clean air to grow, it also serves as a significant bioindicator to determine the level of air pollution of a specific area. 
  • The garden was to be developed in five years but it was completed in just a year,
  • Lichens are a symbiotic organism, usually composed of a fungal partner (mycobiont) and one or more photosynthetic partners (photobiont) which is most often either a green algae or cyanobacterium.

24. The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the declaration of Kushinagar airport in Uttar Pradesh as an international airport.

  • The airport in the holy Buddhist city of Kushinagar, where Lord Buddha attained mahaparinirvan, is declared as an international airport. 
  • Direct international connectivity to Kushinagar will substantially increase the number of foreign and domestic tourists to the region. 
  • This will also provide impetus to the economic development of the region by enabling the growth of the tourism & hospitality ecosystem in the area.

25. India’s first Snow Leopard Conservation Centre will be opened in the Uttarkashi forest division in Uttarakhand.

  • The conservation center will be built by the Uttarakhand forest department along with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as part of its six-year-long project, SECURE Himalayas. 
  •  The project also looks into the conversation of snow leopards and other endangered species and their habitats, found in the Himalayas. This project was started in 2017.

26. Haji Ali Dargah Trust has been listed by World Books of Records London, as one of the most visiting shrines in the world and being 552 years old Indo-Islamic Architecture.

  • It is the first dargah trust in the world to be placed in the World Book of Records London.
  • The Haji Ali Dargah is a mosque and dargah (tomb) or the monument of Pir Haji Ali Shah Bukhari located on an islet off the coast of Worli in the southern part of Mumbai. Pir Haji Ali Shah Bukhari was a Sufi saint and a wealthy merchant from Uzbekistan. Near the heart of the city proper, the dargah is one of the most recognizable landmarks of Mumbai.
  • The Certificate was given to Mr.Abdul Sattar Merchant (Chairman & Managing Trustee) of Haji Ali Dargah Trust by the official team of World Book Of Record Advocate Santosh Shukla president of WBR,  Mr.Usman Khan Vice President WBR, Mumbai & other dignitaries.

27. Titabor has become Assam's first "zero waste town" by setting high standards in effective integrated waste management.

  •  Titabor has revolutionized municipal solid waste management than any other town in the state.
  • Any town that has processed up to 80% of waste can be claimed to be a zero-waste town. 
  • Titabor has set up a material recovery facility where all organic waste is managed through aerobic composting.