HCS Current Affairs: Yearly Topic Wise 2020 Miscellaneous-III
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HCS Last One Year Topic Wise Current Affairs: Miscellaneous Part-III
Haryana Civil Services Exam
CURRENT AFFAIRS YEARLY 2020
Last one-year Current Affairs For HCS Exam: Miscellaneous Part-III
1. Minister of State (I/C) for Labour and Employment, Santosh Gangwar has launched the official Logo of the “Labour Bureau”.
- It displays the three goals that the Labour Bureau aspires to achieve in producing quality data i.e. Accuracy, Validity, and Reliability.
- It also indicates that the Labour Bureau is a data-based organization that deals in data pertaining to workers and work.
- The logo of the Labour Bureau also comprises “Blue wheel”, a cogwheel that represents work.
- The blue colour indicates that the Labour Bureau deals with blue-collar workers.
- It also includes a “tricolored graph” that matches the colors of the National flag.
- It also has “wheat ears” which indicates the fruit of rural agricultural labor.
- Labour Bureau is an attached office of the Ministry of Labour and Employment and is engaged in the collection, compilation, analysis as well as distribution of statistics on different facets of labour at All India level.
2. Google has launched its employment application named ‘Kormo Jobs’ in India.
- It would help millions of Indians to get entry-level jobs. Kormo Jobs will help to provide entry-level jobs to thousands of people, to help those who have lost their jobs during the coronavirus and young professionals who are looking for jobs.
- Google had first launched the employment application in Bangladesh in 2018 and further expanded it to Indonesia in 2019.
- In 2019, Google had also tested this app in India but under the brand ‘Spot’ on the Google Pay app, which saw more than 2 million verified jobs posted on the platform, including from companies like Zomato and Dunzo.
3. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has integrated a new Artificial Intelligence (AI) course for class XI and XII in the current academic year (2020-2021).
- The curriculum was developed in collaboration with IBM (International Business Machines Corporation).
- The IBM AI curriculum is a part of CBSE’s Social Empowerment through Work Education and Action (SEWA) program.
- This curriculum will be launched in around 200 schools across Delhi-NCR, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Kerala, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Punjab (13 states of India).
- The IBM AI curriculum is structured around a course framework for students consisting of base strands of knowledge (basics, history, applications), skills, and values (ethical decision making, bias) in AI.
- The skills include (design thinking, computational thinking, data fluency, critical thinking)
4. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has partnered with Facebook to provide student training on digital safety and online well being and teacher training on augmented/ virtual reality.
- Thus, CBSE has partnered with Facebook India to launch a free and comprehensive training program for teachers and students of its affiliated schools in the first phase from August to November 2020 in virtual mode.
- The participants will also receive a joint e- certificate from CBSE and Facebook on successful completion of the course.
- The training program will be of three weeks in which 10,000 teachers will be trained on augmented reality and 10,000 students will be trained on digital safety and well-being.
- Moreover, in the second phase, CBSE will introduce the training program on digital safety and augmented reality for 30,000 students in each category.
5. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) organized its first ‘Digital Choupal’ to mark its 39th foundation day.
- “Digital Choupal” was conducted in the form of a video conference which was attended by participants of different projects initiated by NABARD, to share their experiences about the projects they are involved in.
- During the ‘Digital Choupal’ session, NABARD also announced Rs 5,000 crore of refinancing scheme for banks and financial institutions.
- With this refinance scheme, the development finance institution aims to offer finance to the beneficiaries of its 2,150 watershed development projects.
- It also assigned another Rs 5,000 crore to transform Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS) into multi-service centers.
- New Chairman of NABARD- G R Chintala.
6. Recently, Ker Puja started in the northeastern state of Tripura.
- The traditional Ker Puja is being organized on the premises of Ujjayant Palace.
- Ker is considered to be the architectural deity of the royal family of Tripura.
- In the tribal Kokborok language, ker literally means designated area.
- It is believed that this puja protects people from disasters and external attacks.
- The puja was initiated by the king of the state.
7. Since 1932, Southern Birdwing ((Troides Minos) butterfly is considered the largest butterfly in India.
- Recently, new measurements of a Himalayan butterfly named ‘Golden Birdwing (Troides Aeacus)’ and 24 other species of butterfly were published in the BIO NOTES.
- BIO NOTES is a quarterly newsletter that publishes Research Notes and News related to various aspects of life forms.
- As per the study, Golden Birdwing is the largest butterfly in India.
- The female species of the Golden Birdwing had a wingspan of 194 mm that is 4 mm larger than that of the Southern Birdwing with a 190 mm wingspan.
- The smallest is the Quaker (Neopithecops zalmora) with a wingspan of 18 mm and forewing length of 8 mm.
8. The All India Radio (AIR) has broadcasted a program titled “Sanskrit Saptahiki”.
- It is the first-ever ‘News Magazine’ program in Sanskrit which constitutes news from the world of Sanskrit including the prominent developments of the week.
- Sanskrit Saptahiki is a weekly program comprising various components such as Sukti, Prasang, Saptahiki, Sanskrit Darshan, Gyan Vigyan, Bal Vallari, Ek Bharat-Shreshtha Bharat, and Anvikshiki.
9. The government has blocked forty websites of the pro-Khalistan group Sikhs For Justice (SFJ).
- The websites were blocked on the recommendation of the ministry of home affairs (MHA).
- Sikhs For Justice (SFJ), an unlawful organization under the UAPA,1967, launched a campaign for registering supporters for its cause. On the recommendation of MHA, MEITY has issued orders under Sec. 69 A of the I.T. Act, 2000, for blocking 40 websites of SFJ," a home ministry spokesperson said.
- The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY) is the nodal authority for monitoring cyberspace in India.
- Last year, the home ministry had banned the SFJ for its alleged anti-national activities.
10. Government has announced that it will release a commemorative stamp to honor former Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao.
- He is regarded as the ‘Father of Indian Economic Reforms’. He was born on June 28, 1921, in Warangal.
- PV Narasimha Rao served as 9th prime minister from 1991 to 1996.
- He is the only non-Gandhi who completed a full term as prime minister. He was also the 1st prime minister of the country to hail from South India.
- His 100th birth anniversary was celebrated on June 28, 2020.
- It is a limited-issue postal stamp to commemorate a place, event, person, or object of historical importance. This stamp is owned by collectors and sold privately through auctions and online
11. Recently, the Minister of Minority Affairs has laid the foundation stone for ‘Sanskritik Sadbhav Mandap’ (multi-purpose community center) at Rampur in Uttar Pradesh.
- This community center will be utilized for various socio-economic-cultural activities, skill development training, coaching, different sports activities, and relief activities during disasters such as Covid-19.
- It is being constructed under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK).
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK) is a restructured and renamed form of the erstwhile Multi-sectoral Development Programme.
- The restructured scheme is to be implemented during the remaining period of the 14th Finance Commission i.e. 31st March 2020.
12. The annual procession or `Waari' of Sant Tukaram Maharaj's `Palkhi' has started from the temple at Dehu in the presence of 50 `warkaries' (pilgrims) amid the coronavirus pandemic.
- Normally, the procession sees thousands of devotees joining in or greeting the Palkhi as it winds its way to the temple town of Pandharpur in Solapur district.
- “Pandharichi Wari'' is the most important pilgrimage of Maharashtra. It is a more than 700 years old tradition in which devotees of Lord Vitthala called Varkari to trace the route to Pandharpur.
- For this holy function, thousands of devotees will trace the WARI route from Dehu and Alandi, the native places of Sant Tukaram Maharaj and Sant Dnyaneshvar Maharaj in Pune district, on foot. Both the sants were the renowned devotees of Lord Vitthala. Dnyaneshwar’s palakhi leaves from Alandi, while Tukaram’s begins at Dehu.
13. Every year a particular day during the first or second week of June is observed as Green Mizoram Day.
- In 2020, Green Mizoram Day is observed on June 11 across Mizoram in India. The plantation drive was averted due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- This day was observed to protect the state’s diverse flora and fauna and preserve the ecological balance of the region. Green Mizoram day has been celebrated since 1999.
- Mizoram has been celebrating this day since 1999.
14. Antifa is short for anti-fascists. The term is used to define a broad group of people whose political beliefs lean toward the left.
- The US President recently announced that the US will designate “far-left extremist group” Antifa as a terrorist organization in view of its role in violence across the country after the killing of a black man by a white police officer in Minnesota.
- After the death of George Floyd due to police brutality, there have been violent protests in the US demanding justice for Floyd.
- These protests see the revival Black Lives Matter movement and in the course of these protests cases of loot, public property damages, clashes between police and protesters have been reported across the US.
15. GMR led Hyderabad International Airport has received the highest Platinum Recognition in the Airports Council International (ACI) Asia-Pacific Green Airports Recognition 2020 in the 15-35 Million Passengers Per Annum (MPPA) category for its efficient water management practices.
- The recognition was the outcome of the submissions shared this year focused on water management documenting approaches to wastewater treatment, water harvesting, water recycling, and water reduction.
- The focus of Green Airport Recognition 2020 is Water Management.
- Recently, India's First Cloud-based Automatic Irrigation System has been inducted at Hyderabad Airport.
16. The Cabinet of Odisha has approved the proposal to give the status of the State anthem to “Bande Utkala Janani”.
- This patriotic poem was written by Kantakabi Laxmikanta Mohapatra in 1912. It was the opening song of Utkal Sammilani during the fight for the formation of a separate province.
- The song has been inspiring the people of Odisha since ages. It was a longstanding demand of people of the state to accord state song status to Bande Utkala Janani
- It will now be played at all government functions and state Assembly without instruments
- The minister said everybody has to pay their respects to it by giving a standing ovation whenever the song is played.
17. The annual festival of Kheer Bhawani Mela is celebrated on Zesht Ashtami, hundreds of Kashmiri Pandit devotees prayed at the famous Ragnya Devi temple in Jammu and Kashmir’s (J&K) Ganderbal district.
- Every year thousands of devotees used to arrive at the temple of Mata Ragnya Devi at Tulmulla, one of the holiest shrines of Kashmiri Pandits, in central Kashmir’s Ganderbal district to celebrate the annual festival.
- However, due to the COVID-19 outbreak, there will be no participation by the devotees this year.
18. National Payment Corporation of India(NPCI) has launched an artificial intelligence(AI) based chatbot, PAi, to create awareness around its products like FASTag, RuPay, Unified Payments Interface(UPI),
- It will improve digital financial inclusion in India.
- It is developed by Bengaluru based startup CoRover Private Limited.
- The AI virtual assistant can be accessed 24/7 & provides accurate information on NPCI products. Customers can ask their queries in English and Hindi, through text or voice.
19. Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Technology (CIPET) was renamed as Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering and Technology.
- CIPET is a premier national institution under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Government of India.
- CIPET HQs- Chennai,
- Director-General– S. K. Nayak.
20. The Department of Posts, Government of India and Department of Horticulture, Government of Bihar has partnered to supply ”Shahi Litchi” of Muzaffarpur & “Zardalu Mango” of Bhagalpur at the doorstep of people.
- Bihar Postal Circle has made an agreement with Bihar’s Horticulture department for its logistics & delivery. People can place orders on the website “horticulture.bihar.gov.in” online form May 25.
- Initially, this facility will be available to people of Muzaffarpur & Patna for Shahi Litchi and Patna & Bhagalpur for Zardalu Mango. The Shahi Litchi of Muzaffarpur’s north Bihar district has earned the Geographical Indication (GI) tag in 2018. It is distinguished from other varieties by its unique fragrance and extra-juicy pulp & has a smaller than usual seed
- Zardalu Mango got its GI tag along with Katrani rice and Maghai paan (betel vine) from Bihar in 2018.
21. Telangana’s Telia Rumal cloth (an intricate handmade work with the cotton loom) and Jharkhand’s Sohrai Khovar painting (a traditional and ritualistic mural art) were given the GI tag recently by Geographical Indications Registry.
- Telia Rumal cloth is originated from Pochampalli town in Telangana, this Fabric for making oily handkerchiefs involves intricate handmade work with cotton looms that can only be made using the traditional process and not by any other mechanical means.
- The Telia comes in three special colors such as red, black, and white, and a variety of designs (like Gajams) symbolize its uniqueness.
- Sohrai Khovar painting is a traditional and ritualistic mural art made by local tribal women of Jharkhand. It is practiced only in the Hazaribagh district during most of the local harvest and marriage time.
- The paintings showcase the profusion of lines, dots, animal figures, and plants, often representing religious iconography.
22. The Thanjavur Netti Works (pith works) and Arumbavur Wood Carvings of Tamil Nadu were awarded the Geographical Indication Tag by the GI registry.
- Thanjavur Netti Works (Thanjavur Pith Work) is made from Netti (pith) from a marshy plant called Aeschynomene Aspera. This is a traditional art form and has been transferred from one generation to the next.
- The Netti Works are widely found in the Brihadeeswara Temple, Hindu Idols, Garlands, door hangings, and decorative pieces.
- The Arumbavur wood carvings by the artisans of Perambalur are primarily made out of the wooden logs of, Mango, Lingam tree, Indian Ash tree, Rosewood, Neem tree are used for making school
23. The Konarak, a Hendijan-class support ship, which was taking part in the exercise, was too close to the target during an exercise when the incident happened.
- The vessel had been placing targets for other ships. The missile struck the vessel accidentally.
- The accident took place near the port of Jask, around 1,270 km southeast of Tehran, in the Gulf of Oman.
- The Konarak was overhauled in 2018 and was able to launch sea and anti-ship missiles. The Dutch-made vessel has been in service since 1988.
24. Israel has named a street in Tel Aviv after celebrated Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore as a tribute on his 159th birthday.
- On May 7, the Israeli Embassy in India tweeted a photo of a signboard where the street was named Rehov Tagore; 'rehov' means street.
- It was done in memory of Tagore’s valuable contribution to mankind
25. The Resistance Front'' is the new name of a terror group in Kashmir.
- The group is made of existing terror groups such as Jais-e-Mohammad, LeT (Lashkar-e-Taiba), and Hizbul Mujahideen.
- The Resistance Front has claimed responsibility for the attack in Kupwara district along the Line of Control on April 5, 2020, where 5 army personnel were killed.
- The new terror group is being supported by Pakistan.
- This is being done to get deniability of action under the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). Pakistan has been under constant pressure from the FATF to cut its financial support to terrorist organizations.