HCS Current Affairs Topic Wise 2020: Yearly Miscellaneous-IV
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HCS Last One Year Topic Wise Current Affairs: Miscellaneous Part-IV
Haryana Civil Services Exam
CURRENT AFFAIRS YEARLY 2020
Last one-year Current Affairs For HCS Exam: Miscellaneous Part-IV
1. Germany has banned Hezbollah activity on its soil and designated it a terrorist organization.
- Germany had previously distinguished between Hezbollah's political arm and its military units, which have fought alongside President Bashar al-Assad's army in Syria.
- Israel and the United States had been pushing Germany to ban the organization.
- Police conducted early morning raids in Germany to detain suspected members of the political group, which is based in Lebanon under the leadership of Hassan Nasrallah.
- The activities of Hezbollah violate criminal law and the organization opposes the concept of international understanding.
2. Manabasa Gurubara, Chhau, and Ravanachhaya — the three popular cultural practices from Odisha have been included in the recently-published Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) list by the Union Ministry of Culture.
- The list attempts to recognize the diversity of Indian culture embedded in its intangible heritage and aims to raise awareness about the various heritage elements from different states of India.
- The Manabasa Gurubara ritual is performed in honor of Goddess Laxmi in Odisha. Laxmipurana, written by 16th-century poet Balaram Das, is read on the occasion.
- Ravanachhaya is one of the six shadow puppet theatre traditions across different regions of India.
- The narratives are based on the epics of Ramayan and Mahabharat, Puranas.
- Finally, Chhau is a major dance tradition of eastern India.
- Altogether 106 traditional items in five broad categories such as oral traditions, performing arts, social practices, knowledge, and practices related to nature and traditional craftsmanship have been included in the list.
- Unesco has already recognized 13 Intangible Cultural Heritages of India.
3. An e-office application called ‘e-karyalay’ launched in CISF to enable the movement of files and documents without physical touch.
- This application helps to enable the movement of files and documents of CISF without any physical touch.
- This has been done in order to prevent coronavirus infection due to frequent touching of files by many persons.
- This application has been hosted at the CISF cloud with all security arrangements in place to safeguard the data.
- ‘Dak’ or letters management section of the app handles all sorts of communication between various levels of functional hierarchy.
- Director-General of CISF: Rajesh Ranjan
4. Ambubachi Mela is the most important festival of the Kamakhya Temple of Guwahati in the state of Assam in India.
- The four-day annual Ambubachi Mela at the Kamakhya Temple will not be open for devotees this year due to the coronavirus outbreak.
- A decision has been taken by the 'Dolois' (priests) that only the rituals and prayers associated with the festival would be performed by them.
- Ambubachi Mela is celebrated every year during the monsoon season, which happens to fall around the middle of the month of June.
- The temple remains closed for the first 3 days.
- During this time any kind of farming work is not taken on
5. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) will launch Israel’s first fully digital bank. TCS is India’s largest software services firm.
- TCS has been selected by Israel’s Ministry of Finance to transform its banking sector.
- The digital banking operations platform will be powered by the TCS BaNCS Global Banking Platform.
- The digital bank has not been named yet and will be launched in 2021.
6. The largest number of nests of the rare Leatherback sea turtles were found in Thailand.
- This was mainly because the beaches in Thailand were deserted due to the COVID-19 lockdown.
- With more than 2,765 infections in Thailand, the country has imposed a travel ban and lockdown. This has increased the number of leatherback sea turtles to build nests. Around 11 turtle nests were found and this was the highest in 20 years.
- The Leatherback Turtles are the world’s giant sea turtles. They are considered vulnerable under the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list of threatened species.
- In Thailand, they are considered endangered.
7. India’s oldest National Park Jim Corbett, situated in Uttarakhand has built isolation wards for animals.
- At least 10 quarantine centers are being prepared within the premises to contain animals.
- Any animal with symptoms will be quarantined, the cameras installed in the vicinity of the national park will record the cold and cough symptoms of animals.
- In a bid to prevent the spread of COVID-19 to tigers through humans, the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has recently issued a direction that all workers coming in contact with tigers and elephants should be tested for novel coronavirus.
8. Maha Bishuba Pana Sankranti is celebrated as the Odia New Year on 13 April.
- Pana Sankranti begins on 13 April every year. The day is named after "Pana", a drink offering.
- Recently, Odisha’s Ganjam district administration has banned the Meru Jatra festival and congregations related to it at temples on the occasion of Mahavishub Sankranti.
- On this day, thousands of devotees used to gather at the Tara Tarini hill shrine and other temples. Mahavishnu Sankranti is the start of Odia New Year.
- Earlier, the administration had banned the famous Chaitra festival at the Tara Tarini hill shrine that attracts lakhs of devotees.
9. On April 14, 2020, the world community is to celebrate World Chagas Disease Day for the first time.
- The main aim of marking the day is to increase awareness of Chagas disease.
- The Chagas disease is also called “American trypanosomiasis”. The disease has been termed a silent killer. This is because it progresses very slowly and mainly affects people under poverty.
- The disease mainly affects poor people in Latin America. It is prevalent in the USA, Western Pacific, European, and Canada.
- It transmits through the “T cruzi” parasite. Also, it transmits through contact with urine or faeces of blood-sucking bugs.
- The Day is marked by the World Health Organization and also by several other world organizations.
10. The associations of civil servants formed an initiative called CARUNA. CARUNA is Civil Services Associations Reach to Support Natural Disasters.
- CARUNA is a collaborative platform. It includes IAS and IPS officers. The platform is to be represented by NGOs, industry leaders, IT professionals along with civil servants.
- The initiative is being launched to support government efforts to fight CoronaVirus.
- As civil servants are spread out all over the country, the initiative is an ideal platform to assist and supplement government effort. It will help in generating a database of information about migration, medical equipment, essential supplies, ventilators, and masks.
11. The World Health Organization (WHO) has conferred the World No Tobacco Day Award 2020 to the Socio-Economic and Educational Development Society (SEEDS), an NGO, for its efforts to ban pan masala, gutkha, e-cigarettes, and hookah in Bihar and Jharkhand.
- On the occasion of World No Tobacco Day on May 31, the WHO selects organizations and individuals from its six regions every year for their exceptional contribution in the field of tobacco control.
- The SEEDS is among the three awardees selected from the South-East Asia Region.
12. BS Yediyurappa, Chief Minister of Karnataka announced that Karnataka will observe 18th June 2020, as “Mask Day”.
- The day is celebrated to create awareness to the general public on the importance of wearing a mask, using sanitizers, washing hands, and maintaining social distancing against COVID-19.
- chief secretary T M Vijay Bhaskar has asked all district and taluk administrations in the state to observe "Mask Day" by organizing a march, with the participation of public representatives, dignitaries, and medical staff.
- The march was organized for spreading awareness about following the national directives issued to control the spread of Covid-19.
13. A dedicated monitoring cell was opened under Mission Bhagiratha to invite grievances and issues of the supply of drinking water.
- The aim of the cell is to get prepared to address the water scarcity of summer. The cell constituted will record complaints and redress them without any delays.
- The Mission Bhagiratha is a safe drinking water project that was launched for the state of Telangana.
- It aims to provide drinking water to every village and city household. It will supply clean drinking water from the rivers Krishna and Godavari.
- Though the mission is named “Bhagirathi”, it does not denote the river. According to Hindu culture Bhagiratha is an Indian king who brought the holy river Ganga to the earth.
- River Bhagirathi does not flow in Telangana. It flows through the Uttarakhand state. It is the source stream of the Ganges.
14. Bangladesh-based international development organization BRAC has retained its position as the top NGO of the world for the 5th consecutive year.
- The rankings for 2020 were announced by the Geneva-based organization NGO Adviser which publishes the rankings every year based on publicly available data for the top 500 global NGOs.
- BRAC was founded by Sir Fazle Hasan Abed in 1972 immediately after Bangladesh came into existence as an independent nation in 1971 to help the returning war refugees with small-scale relief and rehabilitation projects.
- Fazle Hasan Abed died in 2019. Presently, it works in Bangladesh and 11 countries in Asia and Africa.
- BRAC recently announced a new 2030 strategy with the goal to make the lives of 250 million people self-sustainable.
- BRAC has been working in areas like poverty alleviation through extending loans to the poor, gender equality, healthcare, nutrition, environment, and employment among many other things.
- Chairman of BRAC Global Board Ameerah Haq
15. The traditional “Fagli” festival at Kinnaur district in Yangpa village, Himachal Pradesh.
- This festival is celebrated to denote the end of the winter and the start of the Spring. It is mainly celebrated on a moonless night.
- It is also celebrated to receive blessings from God for the upcoming harvest season.
- Men start to dance in circles wearing their traditional attire and face masks, where a large number of local people gather to watch the event.
16. The Hindustan Aeronautics Limited is to set up logistics bases in Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka.
- This is to entice them towards buying India’s military helicopters and Light Combat Aircraft Tejas.
- The HAL is working towards increasing defence exports and help India achieve its 5 billion USD defence target.
- It will also help India achieve its Defence target of Rs 35,000 crores by 2024. Currently, India is exporting Defence products worth Rs 17,000 crores.
- The Tejas in particular is being promoted for its high lifespan of 30 years. HAL has identified West Asia, South East Asia, and North Africa to sell helicopters like Rudra, Tejas, and Dhruv. HAL has been taking significant roles in boosting Defence Exports. The turnover of the company was Rs 19,705 crores.
- Logistics is the management of information from one place to another. It involves supplies, transportation, packaging, warehousing, and social security.
- In accordance with the report of the Parliamentary Committee on Petroleum, only three States and five Union Territories have become kerosene-free even though in September 2019 the government has met the target of 8 crore LPG (Liquefied petroleum gas) connections under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY).
- The committee is headed by BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party) member Ramesh Bidhuri,
- The kerosene-free states are Haryana, Punjab and Andhra Pradesh and Union Territories (UTs) are Delhi, Chandigarh, Daman & Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Andaman & Nicobar Island, and Puducherry.
- Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was launched in May 2016 to provide LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households.
- The scheme gained traction with its ambit being expanded to include 80 million poor families from the earlier target of 50 million families with an additional allocation of Rs 4,800 crore.
17. The world's first Digital Solutions Exchange in the cloud "GOKADDAL" has been launched in India.
- GOKADDAL will revolutionize the way digital solutions are sourced, delivered, and managed.
- The cloud-based platform is created to help the customers realize their digital transformation vision by bringing them the right solutions with the right tools and right providers.
- GOKADDAL will create a new and significant revenue base for the solution providers.
18. UP Govt. to depute ‘Arogya Mitras’ at primary health centers to inform people about govt health schemes
- Adityanath also inaugurated the 'Kaushal Satrang' program organized by the Department of Vocational Education and Skill Development and Labour and Employment Exchange Department.
19. In Madhya Pradesh, the two-day unique Chilli Festival has begun at Kasrawad in Khargone district.
- The Chilli Festival is a big business opportunity for traders, investors, and exporters.
- It will also help in fulfilling the Central Government's goal of doubling the income of farmers. Chili-based cuisine stalls will also be set up on the occasion.
- Thousands of farmers from many districts of the state are participating in this festival being held in Kasrawad in Khargone district.
- The festival aims to promote the Nimari brand of chilies.
- Nimar and Malwa regions are the highest chilies producing regions of the state.
20. Researchers at Tel Aviv University, Israel have discovered a jellyfish-like parasite, Henneguya salminicola’, without a mitochondrial genome, the first multicellular organism known to have this absence.
- That means it doesn’t breathe and lives its life completely free of oxygen dependency.
- The study has been published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
- It is less than a 10-celled parasite and lives within the muscle tissue of salmon fish.
- It causes “milky flesh” or “tapioca” disease in the fish.
- It’s not yet clear to us how the parasite generates energy,
- The mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell where oxygen is captured to make energy, so its absence indicated that the animal was not breathing oxygen.
21. The Union Cabinet approved amendments to provide occupancy rights to Scheduled Tribes of Lakshadweep.
- The approval was provided to amend the Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands Land Revenue and Tenancy Regulation, 1965.
- The Scheduled Tribes on the island did not have occupancy rights so far.
- The Occupancy right is the right to occupy and use tribal areas.
- Lakshadweep is an Archipelago with 12 atolls, five submerged banks, and three reefs. There are 17 uninhabited islands in the region.
- According to the SC and ST list (modification order), 1956, the inhabitants born to both parents born in the islands are alone treated as Scheduled Tribes.
22. The High Court of Bangladesh has ordered that ‘Joy Bangla’ will be the national slogan of Bangladesh.
- ‘Joy Bangla’ was the main slogan during the liberation war of Bangladesh fought against Pakistan in 1971. The first President of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman also used ‘Joy Bangla’ in his speeches and especially during his historic 7th March speech in 1971 declaring the goal of independence for Bangladesh.
23. Parliament has recently passed a bill to upgrade three deemed Sanskrit universities into central universities.
- The Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2019 was passed by voice vote in Rajya Sabha. Earlier the bill was passed by Lok Sabha.
- The Bill seeks to upgrade three deemed to be universities in Sanskrit -- Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, Sri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, and Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth Tirupati -- into central universities.
- The bill was moved in Rajya Sabha by human resource minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank.
24. ‘Vulture Restaurant’ is a feeding station for vultures in the Pong Dam Lake WildLife sanctuary in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh.
- It has been set up as a part of the state wildlife wing’s ongoing project to conserve the big scavenging bird in its natural habitat, whose numbers showed a critical decline in the past decades in the Indian sub-continent.
- Measuring 100 meters x 100 meters with seven feet high fencing at an open space in Suknara near Nagrota Surian in Pong wetland, the ‘Vulture Restaurant’ provides deskinned carcasses to vultures.
- There are seven species of vultures in the new world and 16 species in the old world that includes Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, etc. Out of 16 in the old world, eight species (including Himalayan Griffon, Eurasian Griffon) have been reported in the Kangra district also.
25. Uttarakhand celebrated the traditional harvest festival “Phool Dei”.
- The festival showcases the inner bonding between the communities who all are residing in the hills.
- Phool Dei is the harvest festival of Uttarakhand that is celebrated in the month of Chaitra (March- April) in the Hindu Calendar.
- On this traditional festival young girls pluck the first flowers of the season to decorate their houses with flowers and the term ‘Dei’ refers to ceremonial pudding which is the key food in the festival that is made from jaggery, Whiteflour & curd, are offered to everyone.