Baljit Dhaka


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Why in News?

The government of India has launched the ‘Good Governance Index’ at an event organized by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, on the occasion of Good Governance Day on 25th December 2019. 

The Good Governance Day is observed on the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

It was observed for the first time in 2014.  

About Good Governance Index: 

Good Governance Index has been scientifically designed on various parameters of governance. 

The Good Governance Index is a uniform tool across the States to assess the Status of Governance and the impact of various interventions taken up by the State Government and Union Territories (UTs). 

The objectives of GGI are:

To provide quantifiable data to compare the state of governance in all states and UTs.

To enable states and UTs to formulate and implement suitable strategies for improving governance.

To shift to result-oriented approaches and administration.

How is the GGI calculated?

Various principles have been kept in mind while selecting the indicators, i.e. it should be easy to understand & calculate, citizen-centric & result-driven, leading to improved results and applicable to all states and UTs, among others. 

The GGI takes into consideration ten sectors, namely,

1. Agriculture and Allied Sectors

2. Commerce & Industries

3. Human Resource Development

4. Public Health

5. Public Infrastructure & Utilities

6. Economic Governance

7. Social Welfare & Development

8. Judicial & Public Security

9. Environment

10. Citizen-Centric Governance 

These ten Governance Sectors are measured on a total of 50 indicators. Difference indicators are given different weightage under one Governance Sector to calculate the value. 

E.g. Under Agriculture & Allied Sector, there are 6 indicators with different weightage, namely: The growth rate of agriculture and allied sector (0.4), the growth rate of food grains production (0.1), the growth rate of horticulture produce (0.1), growth rate of milk production (0.1), growth rate of meat production (0.1) and crop insurance (0.2).  

The states and UTs are divided into three groups:

1. The Big States

2. North-East & Hill States

3. UTs


The states and UTs are ranked on all indicators separately, at the same time composite ranking is also calculated for these states and UTs under their respective groups based upon these indicators.  

Findings of the GGI Report:

1. Among the big states:

The top six rankers are Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, and Gujarat.

The bottom six states are Odisha, Bihar, Goa, Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand.  

2. Among the North-East & Hill States:

The top 3 states are Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Tripura.

The bottom 3 states are Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh.  

3. Among the UTs

Pondicherry leads among the UTs followed closely by Chandigarh with Delhi bagging the third spot.

Lakshadweep is at the bottom of the UTs. 

The report also gives a sector-wise ranking.

In the environment sector:

The top three states are West Bengal, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.

The bottom 3 states are Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Goa.

West Bengal, however, is at the bottom two in the judicial and public security ranking. Tamil Nadu tops the chart here.

Karnataka is at the top under the economic governance category while Kerala is at the top in the public health sector.