Delhi Model Of Education
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Delhi Model Of Education
Delhi Model Of Education:: Example for many states across India
The Delhi model of education has caught the attention of people in Delhi and beyond in the last five years. This has been reflected in the recent Delhi Assembly election outcome. The validation of this model now creates a pathway for the next set of reforms.
Why is the Delhi model of Education a success?
For too long, there have been two kinds of education models in the country: one for the “classes” and another for the “masses”.
The Delhi government sought to bridge this gap. Its approach stems from the belief that quality education is a necessity, not a luxury. Hence, Delhi Govt. built a model that essentially has various major components and is supported by nearly 25% of the State Budget. Focus, significant expenditure, and dedicated follow up mechanisms instrumented the success.
What are the key components of the model?
Transformation of school infrastructure - Dilapidated school buildings that lack basic facilities indicate the apathy of the government. It will also lower the teachers’ motivation and students’ enthusiasm. So, the government of Delhi sought to change this by building new, aesthetically designed classrooms equipped with high facilities.
Training of teachers and principals - Many opportunities were given to teachers for their professional growth including creating a forum to encourage peer learning among them. They had been exposed to new education models of excellence in India and abroad (They visited excellent institutes like Cambridge University, the National Institute of Education, Singapore and IIM Ahmedabad, etc.) and, also had been given leadership training. This enabled Delhi to gradually move away from a uniform training model for all to learn from the best practices in India and abroad.
Engaging with the community by reconstituting SMC - The annual budget of each school management committees (SMC) is set at Rs.5-7 lakh.
The SMCs can spend this money on any material or activity, such as even hiring teachers on a short-term basis.
Intensifying Parent-Teacher Interaction - Regular dialogue between teachers and parents was initiated through mega parent-teacher meetings. Guidelines are provided on how to engage with parents. Invitations for meetings were sent through FM radio, newspaper advertisements, etc.
Curricular Reforms - Special initiatives to ensure that all children learn to read, write, and do basic mathematics was made part of regular teaching-learning activities in schools. A ‘happiness curriculum’ was introduced for all children between nursery and Class 8 for their emotional well-being. An ‘entrepreneurship mindset curriculum’ was introduced to develop the problem-solving and critical thinking abilities of Class 9 to 12 children.
Focus on existing subjects in the curriculum- Apart from these new curricular initiatives, the focus on existing subjects ensured better performance in Board examinations by Classes 10 and 12.
Fee Structure Reforms- In the past, almost all the schools increased their fee 8-15% annually. The Delhi government ensured that any fee hike proposal was examined by an authorized chartered accountant.
Thus, for 2 years no school was allowed to raise its fee. This was a great relief for the middle-class parents. The government also ensured the refund of about ?32 crores to parents which were excessively charged by private schools.
Coaching provision for EWS students- The government extended the 'Jai Bhim Mukhyamantri Yojana' to include students' Other Backward Classes and economically weaker sections.
1. Under the scheme, the state government will finance the coaching depending on the course and duration. For example, for the civil services exam, the government will give ?1 lakh for 12-month coaching and Master in Business Administration ?50,000 for six-month coaching. The government has a panel of coaching institutes through which the amount will be transferred directly. For students who go to institutes not on the government panel, the amount will be transferred to the student.
2. The Govt. has announced to strengthen the Education system further by introducing Agenda 2.0.
What is the Agenda 2.0?
It will shift from “having built the foundation of education” to “education as the foundation”.
Going forward, there will be many key areas of reform apart from consolidating the gains of the past.
What will be Agenda 2.0’s key areas of reform?
Reviewing the Classes 1 to 8 syllabus - This review will emphasize the foundational learning skills, the ‘happiness curriculum’, and the ‘Desh Bhakti’ curriculum. Thus, apart from ensuring that all children can fluently read, write and do mathematics, the focus will be to build emotional resilience in children and ensure that they internalize our core constitutional values by the time, they complete eight years of schooling.
Apart from that, early childhood care and education will be deepened further through Anganwadis. There will be nurseries in all govt schools.
Setting up a Delhi Education Board - This will promote learning that encourages critical thinking, problem-solving, and application of knowledge among children. This will prepare them to tackle the challenges of the 21st century with an entrepreneurial mindset. For those who have graduated from Delhi schools in the recent past, programs like spoken English and soft skills will be initiated to raise their employability opportunities.
Creating specialized schools - These schools will be created in each of the 29 zones of Delhi to nurture the aptitude and talent of children in the areas of science and technology, literature and language, visual performing arts, and sports.
Education is the fundamental need of every child. With the growing competition in every field, an overhaul is needed in the education system in India. Delhi has acknowledged education as a top agenda of governance and has taken measures to set an example for other states in India. The adopted model can be replicated across various states which are backward as far as education is concerned.