Civil Services IAS Mains Exam: Philosophy Optional Paper-1 (2019)
Baljit Dhaka

Civil Services IAS Mains Exam: Philosophy Optional Paper-1 (2019)

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Civil Services IAS Mains Exam: Philosophy Optional Paper-1 (2019)

Marks- 250                                                                                                                                            Time- Three Hours


Q1 Write short answers to the following in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 Marks

(a) What does Plato want to prove by his ‘Allegory of Cave’?  10 Marks

(b) Can hallucination be regarded as an intentional act of Husserl? Explain. 10 Marks

(c) What is the role of dialectics in realizing the truth in Hegel’s philosophy? 10 Marks

(d) How does Descartes prove the existence of things other than himself and God? Discuss. 10 Marks

(e) Explain Quine’s arguments against synthetic-analytic distinction. 10 Marks

Q2 (a) How do the logical positivists account for the meaning of general statements? Can the same account be applied to metaphysical statements? Discuss. 20 Marks

(b) What are the reasons for development changes in substance according to Aristotle? Discuss. 15 Marks

(c) What do you understand by Spinoza’s statement that what is, cannot be other than what it is? Explain. 15 Marks

Q3 (a) Is Dasein authentic existence for Heidegger? How does he relate temporality with Dasein? Discuss. 20 Marks

(b) Show how Wittgenstein’s critique of solipsism culminates in the critique of private language. 15 Marks

(c) Why is Moore’s philosophy called common-sense realism? 15 Marks

Q4 (a) How does Kant argue for the transcendence of Space and Time? Discuss. 20 Marks

(b) Is there any element of necessity in causal relations according to Hume? Discuss. 15 Marks

(c) How does Sartre look at the problem of freedom of choice and determinism? Explain. 15 Marks


Q5 Write short answers to the following in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 Marks

(a) Justify the status of Abhava as a category in Vaisesika philosophy. 10 Marks

(b) How do the Yogacara Buddhists deny the existence of the external world? Discuss. 10 Marks

(c) Are the Carvakas consistent when they hold that inference is not a source of knowledge? Discuss. 10 Marks

(d) Critically discuss the metaphysical status of a Jiva and a Purusa according to Sankhya philosophy. 10 Marks

(e) How does Mimamsa establish the authority of  Vedic knowledge? 10 Marks

Q6 (a) How is reality defined by the Jainas? How is this theory of reality reflected in their view on judgments? Discuss. 20 Marks

(b) What is the role of Jnanalaksana-pratyaka is explaining Anyathakhyati? 15 Marks

(c) What is wrong according to the Carvakas with the following argument? 15 Marks
        All men are mortal.
        Socrates is a man.
        Therefore, Socrates is mortal.
Justify your answer with arguments.

Q7 (a) How does Udayana prove the existence of God through Karyat, Ayojanat, Dhrtyadeh and Sruteh? Discuss. 20 Marks

(b) How would Yoga philosophy comprehend the Citta-levels of a Scientist, a God-realized Devotee and a Self-realized Yogi? Justify your answer. 15 Marks

(c) What is Pratityasamutpada? How do the Buddhists apply this concept to prove that everything is momentary? 15 Marks

Q8 (a) Explain the logical consequences of the metaphysical absolutism of Advaitism. 20 Marks

(b) Explain the unique position of the supermind in the metaphysical scheme of Aurobindo’s philosophy. 15 Marks

(c) Which Sankhya proof for the existence of Prakrti actually shows that there can be only one Prakrti? Justify your answer. 15 Marks