Anthropology question paper 2019: CSM 2019 Anthropology Paper-I
Baljit Dhaka
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Anthropology question paper 2019: CSM 2019 Anthropology Paper-I

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Anthropology question paper 2019

Civil Services Mains Exam: Anthropology Optional Paper-1 (2019)

In this post, we will talk about civil services mains 2019 optional subject anthropology paper-1 previous year questions.

Marks-250                                                                                                                                Time- Three Hours

Question Paper Specific Instructions:

Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions.

  • There are EIGHT questions divided into two sections.
  • A candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
  • Questions no 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE from each section.
  • The number of marks carried by a question /part is indicated against it.
  • Word limit in questions, wherever specified should be adhered to.
  • Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, an attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the answer book must be clearly struck off.


Q1. Write notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 marks
(a) The relationship between Linguistics and Social-Cultural Anthropology. 10 Marks
(b) Cultural Relativism. 10 Marks
(c) Pastoralism in India. 10 Marks
(d) Cultural Materialism. 10 Marks
(e) Relative Dating Methods. 10 Marks

Q2. (a) Discuss the evolutionary significance of bipedalism and erect posture. 20 Marks

(b) How did Radcliffe-Brown and Levi-Strauss study kinship in terms of social structure?  15 Marks

(c) Elucidate Mesolithic culture and associated rock art with examples from India. 15 Marks

Q3. (a) Discuss social stratification according to any three major approaches. 20 Marks

(b) "Europeans are closer to Neanderthals.” Critically discuss in view of the African origin of humankind. 15 marks

(c) Discuss briefly the major traditions in the Upper Palaeolithic culture of Europe. 15 marks

Q4. (a) With reference to the somatotopic and morphometric characteristics commonly used for racial classification, make critical comments as to whether 'Race' is a valid concept. 20 Marks

(b) Critically explain the anthropological approaches to religion. 15 marks

(c) Differentiate between transient and balanced genetic polymorphism. Illustrate your answer with suitable examples from human populations. 15 marks


Q5. Write notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10x5=50 marks
(a) Adaptive primate radiation  10 Marks
(b) Implications of mutation in evolution  10 Marks
(c) Olduvai Gorge 10 Marks
(d) Anthropological inputs in facial reconstruction  10 Marks
(e) Genetic-environmental factors affecting human growth  10 Marks

Q6. (a) Examine critically the contributions of Victor Turner and Clifford Geertz in anthropology. 20 marks

(b)  “Human adaptations are always bio-cultural in nature.” Discuss with reference to human adaptation to high-altitude climate.15 marks

(c) Discuss the methods of studying human growth with their merits and demerits. 15 marks

Q7. (a) Discuss how indigenous people encounter globalization. 20 marks

(b) “Applied human genetics has come to touch every sphere of human life.” Discuss in light of recent advances in molecular anthropology. 15  marks

(c) Evaluate participant observation in producing anthropological knowledge. 15 marks

Q8. (a) Discuss with examples the Megalithic culture of India in the archaeological context. 20 marks

(b) Discuss the bio-cultural factors influencing fertility in light of the relationship between fecundity and fertility. 15  marks

(c) Discuss phenomenology as a research method in anthropological studies. 15 marks