HPSC Mains Optional Paper 2014: Animal Husbandry and Vet. Science
Baljit Dhaka
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HPSC Mains Optional Paper 2014: Animal Husbandry and Vet. Science

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HCS Mains Animal husbandry and veterinary science Optional Paper 2014

In this article, we will discuss HCS mains animal husbandry & veterinary science optional paper 2014.

Time : 3 Hours                                                                                                                              M.M.: 150

Note i) Attempt five questions. All questions carry equal marks. Questions number 1 is compulsory. Answer any two questions from Part I and two questions from Part II. The parts of the same questions must be answered together and must not be interposed between answers to the questions. 
ii) In case of any discrepancy in the English and Hindi versions. English version will be taken as final.

Q1. Write notes on any five of the following:                                                            (5X6=30)

(a) Role of Kidneys in acid base balance in body.
(b) Linkage and crossing over.
(c) Effects of hot weather on chickens.
(d) Irradiation preservation of meat.
(e) Silage and Hay.
(f) Progeny testing and Pedigree selection.
(g) Hormonal development of mammary gland.

                                                                 Part - I

Q2. (a) Discuss the role of rumen in metabolism of protein.                    (15)

(b) Describe briefly the function of the following hormones                             (5X3=15)

        (i) Oxytosin                   (ii) Insulin               (iii) Prolactin


Q3. (a) Discuss why heterosis is better than inbreeding in keeping good animal health and production.   (15)

(b) What factors would you consider in selecting dairy animals for starting a dairy farm? (15)    


Q4. (a) The Indian Dairy Association has set a vision that by 20 20, the Indian dairy industry would achieve excellence by International standard. what are the areas in the dairy industry which have to be addressed for this purpose?      (15)

(b) Write short notes on:          (5X3=15)                                                                  
i) Herd recording
ii) Efficiency of dairy animals.
iii) Feeding records.

                                                                   Part - II                    

Q5. Discuss briefly causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention of any of the following two diseases:    (30)                                                                                    
(a) Brucellosis ( contagious abortion)
b) Swine influenza (Hog Flu)
c) Black Quarler

Q6. (a) i)Write in detail the manufacturing of pasteurized milk by F{TST method.  (7.5x2=15)

ii. What do you mean by probiotics and prebiotics? Write the manufacturing process of Shrikhand by the help of flow diagram. 

(b)Write short notes on: (7.5x2=15)                     
i) Legal standards of different types of milk 
ii. Production of clean and safe milk 

Q7. (a) Discuss briefly the utilisation of slaughter house by-products for pharmaceuticals use.   (15)

(b) What is the role of calcium in thc formation of egg shell and constitution of bones? (15)