HCS Syllabus, Guidance, Approach and Coaching

HCS Syllabus, Guidance, Approach and Coaching

HCS Syllabus, Guidance, Approach and Coaching

HCS Syllabus, Guidance, Approach and Coaching


Syllabus For the preliminary Examination

Compulsory Subject

general Subject

general Studies

  • General Science
  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian national Movement
  • Indian and world Geography

Indian Culture, Indian Polity and Indian Economy

General Mental Ability

  • Haryana Economy and People Social, Economic and Cultural institutions and language of Haryana

Questions on general Science will cover general appreciation and understanding of science including matters of everyday observation and experience, as may be expected of a well educated person who has not made a special study of any particular scientific discipline. In current events, knowldge of significant national and international events will be tested. In History of India, emphasis will be on broad general understanding of the subject in its social, economic and political aspects. Questions on the Indian National Movement will relate to the nature and character of the nineteenth century resurgence, growth of nationalism and attainment of independence. In Geography, emphasis will be on Geography of India. Questions on Geography of India will relate to physical, social and economic. Geography of the country including the main features of Indian agricultural and natural resources. Questions on Indian Polity and economy will test knowldge will test knowledge on the country’s political system and Constitution of India, Panchayati Raj, Social systems and economic developments in India. On general mental ability, the candidates will be tested on reasoning and analytical abilities.

Optional Subject

Public Administration 

  1. Introduction: Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration, private and Public Administration, Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline.
  • Theories and Principles of administration: Scientific Management Bureaucratic Model, Classical Theory, Human Relations Theory, Behavioural approach, Systems approach, The principle of Hierarchy, Unity of command Span of Control, Authority and Responsibility, Coordination, Delegation, Supervision, Line and Staff
  • Administrative Behaviour: Decision Making Leadership theories: Communication, motivation.

  • Personnel Administration: Role of Civil service in developing society, Position Classification Recruitment, Training, promotion, pay and service condition, Neutrality and Anonymity.

  • Financial administration: Concept of Budget, Formation and execution of budget, Accounts and Audit.

  • Control over Administration: Legislative, Executive and judicial Control, Citizen and Administration.

  • Comparative Administration: Salient Features of administrative systems in U. S. A., USSR, Great Britain and France.

  • Central Administration in India: British legacy constitutional context of Indian administration. The president, The Prime Minister as Real executive, central Secretariat, cabinet Secretariat, Planning Commission, finance Commission, Comptroller and Auditor general of India, major patterns of Public Enterprises.

  • Civil Services in India: Recruitment of All India and Central Services, Union Public Service Commission, Training of IAS and IPS, Generalist and Specialist, Relations with the Political Executive.

  • State, District and Local Administrator: Governor, Chief Minister, Secretariat, Chief Secretary, Directorates., Role of District Collector in revenue, law and order and development administration, Panchayti Raj, Urban local Government, Main features Structure and problems areas.

  • Sociology

    1. Basic Concepts

    Society, community, association, institution, Culture- Cultural change, cultural lag, cultural relativism, ethnocentrism, Social Groups- primary, secondary and reference groups. Social structure, social system, social action, Status and role, role conflict role set. Norms and values- conformity and deviance. Social- cultural processes: Socialisation, assimilation, integration, cooperation, competition, conflict, accommodation, relative deprivation.

    1. Marriage, Family and Kinship

    Marriage: Types and forms, marriage as contract, and as a sacrament.

    Family: types, functions and changes

    Kinship: terms and usages, rules of residence, descent, inheritance.

    1. Social Stratification

    Forms and functions, Caste and class, Jajmani System, Dominant Caste, Sanskritization

    1. Types of Society

    Tribal, agrarian, industrial and post- industrial

    1. Industrial and Urban Society

    Rural- Urban Continuum, Urban growth and urbanisation- Town, City and metropolis. Basic features of industrial society, impact of automation of society, industrialisation and environment.

    1. Social Demography

    Population size, growth, composition and distribution in India. Components of population growth- births, deaths and migration. Causes and consequences of population growth. Population and social development. Population policy.

    1. Political process

    Power, authority and legitimacy. Political socialization. Political modernisation. Pressure groups. Caste and Politics.

    1. Weaker Sections and Minorities

    Social Justice- equal opportunity and special opportunity, Progtective discrimination. Constitutional safeguards.

    1. Social Change

    Theories of change, Factors of change, Science, technology and change. Social movements- peasant movement, women’s movement, backward caste movement, dalit movement.

    Syllabi For The Main Writen Examination

    Compulsory Subjects

    1. English and English Essay

    The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’s ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly in english.

    The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:


    1.  Precis writing
  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Essay

  • Usage and Vocabularly

  • General Grammar / Composition

  • Essay-

    Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange heir ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

    1. Hindi and Hindi Essay

    ( In Devnagri Script)

    1. Transition of an English passage into Hindi
  • Letter / precis writing
  • Explanation of Hindi passage ( pose and Poetry) in the same language.

  • Composition ( idioms, corrections etc.)

  • Essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given.

  • 3. general Studies

    The nature and standard of questions in these papers will be such that a well – educated person will be able to answer them without any specialised study. The questions will be such as to test a candidate’s general awareness of a variety of subject which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services.

    part -1

    a) History of Modern India and Indian Culture

    The ‘History of Modern India’ will cover history of the country from about the middle of the nineteenth century and would also include questions on important personalities who shaped the freedom movement and social reforms. The part relating to ‘ Indian Culture’ will cover all aspects of Indian culture from the ancient to modern times.

    b) Geography of India

    In this part, questions will be on the physical, economic and social geography of India.

    c) Indian Polity

    This part will include questions on the Constitution of India, Political System and related matters.

    d) current national issues and topics of social relevance.

    This part is intended to test the candidate’s awareness of current national issues and topics of social relevance in the present day India, such as the following: demography and Human Resources & related issues. behavioural and social issues and social welfare problems, such as child labour, gender equality, adult awareness, rehabilitation of the handicapped and other deprived segments of the society , drug, abuse, public health, etc. Law enforcement issues, human rights, corruption in public life, communal harmony, etc. Internal Security and related issues. Environment issues, ecological preservation, conservation of natural resources and natural heritage. The role of national institutions, their relevance and need for change.

    Part 2

    a) India and the world

    This part is to test candidate’s awareness of India ‘s relationship with the world in various spheres, such as the following:

    Foreign Affairs, External Security and related matters. Nuclear Policy. Indian abroad.

    b) Indian Economy

    In this part, questions will be on the planning and economic development in India, economic and trade issues, foreign trade, the role and functions of I.M.F., World Bank, W.T.O etc.

    c) International Affairs & Institutions-

    This part will include aions on important events in world affairs and on  international institutions.

    d) Developmenmts in the field of science and technology, communications and space.

    In this part, questions will test the candidate’s awareness of the developments in the field of science and technology, commiunications and space and also basic ideas of computers.

    e) Statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams.

    This part will include exercises to test the candidate’s abilities to draw common sense conclusions from information presented in statistical, graphical or diagrammatical from and to point out deficiencies, limitations or inconsistencies therein.

    Optional Subjects For Main Written Examination


    Part 1: General Sociology

    1. Sociology as a Discipline

    Sociology as a science and as an interpretative discipline. Impact ofevolution on the emergence of sociology. Sociology and its relationship with history, economics, political science, psychology and anthropology.

    2. Scientific Study of social Phenomenon 

    Problem of objectivity and value








    No Comments

    Leave a Reply

    error: Content is protected !!